Template:/box-header Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the ultimate nature of reality, being, and the world. Its name derives from the Greek words μετά (metá) (meaning "above" or "beyond") and φυσικά (physiká) (meaning "above or beyond physics"), "physics" referring to those works on matter by Aristotle in antiquity. Metaphysics addresses questions that have existed for as long as the human race - many still with no definitive answer. Examples are:
- What is the meaning of life?
- What is the nature of reality?
- What is humanity's place in the universe?
- Does the world exist outside the mind?
- What is the nature of objects, events, places?
- Is there any existence of spirit, and can the spirit manifest itself without body?
- What is consciousness?
- ... that spiritualism is a dualist metaphysical theory?
- ... that ideas and concepts are considered to be either abstract objects or mental representations?
- ... that ontology is basically an attempt to create a list of everything exists fundamentally?
- ... that your metaphysical view will influence your theory of mind?Template:/box-footer
- Geisler, Norman L. "Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics" page 446. Baker Books, 1999.
- More specifically, the writings concerning what Aristotle called the "first philosophy" – and what is now called "metaphysics" – appeared after his articles on matter (on "physics"). Hence meta- ("above/beyond") physics ("matter").
- Mistakes Were made (but not by me) Why We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful Acts by Carol Tarvis and Elliot Aronson, Harcourt, Inc, 2007, pages 13 and 14
- Hayman, Ronald (1987). Sartre: A Life. Simon and Schuster. p. 31. ISBN 0-6714-5442-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Brabazon, James (1975). Albert Schweitzer: A Biography. Putnam. p. 28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>