Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
D-BW-Uhldingen-Mühlhofen - Pfahlbaumuseum - Haus Schussenried.jpg
Reconstruction of a pile house at the Pfahlbau Museum Unteruhldingen on Lake Constance in Germany

Type Cultural
Criteria iv, v
Reference 1363
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2011 (35th Session)

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. 111 sites, located in Austria (5 sites), France (11), Germany (18), Italy (19), Slovenia (2), and Switzerland (56), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011.[1] In Slovenia, this is the first cultural world heritage site.[2]

Excavations, only conducted in some of the sites, have yielded evidence that provides insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Alpine Europe, and the way communities interacted with their environment. As the nomination stated, the settlements are a unique group of exceptionally well-preserved and culturally rich archaeological sites, which constitute one of the most important sources for the study of early agrarian societies in the region.[1]

Contrary to popular belief, the houses were not erected over water, but on nearby marshy land. They were set on piles to protect against occasional flooding. Because the lakes have grown in size over time, many of the original piles are now under water, giving modern observers the false impression that they have always been this way. [3]

Sites

Country[4] Serial ID Number[4] Name[4] Location[4] Coordinates[5] Location size (Ha) Buffer zone (Ha) Approx. Date occupied (BC) [6]
Switzerland 1363-001 Ägelmoos Beinwil am See Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.96 10.5 2000–1000
Switzerland 1363-002 Riesi Seengen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.8 16.5 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-003 Vingelz / Hafen Biel/Bienne Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.6 18.4 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-004 Dorfstation Lüscherz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.4 75.1 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-005 Lobsigensee Seedorf Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.1 27.6 3500–3000
Switzerland 1363-006 Rütte Sutz-Lattrigen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.8 49.6 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-007 Bahnhof Twann Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.5 18.5 4000–3000
Switzerland 1363-008 Strandboden Vinelz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.3 28.7 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-009 Les Grèves Gletterens Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.62 2.4 3500–3000
Switzerland 1363-010 Spitz Greng Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 7.69 7.3 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-011 Môtier I Haut-Vully Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.42 1.3 Neolithic
Switzerland 1363-012 Segelboothafen Murten Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.83 4.7 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-013 En Praz des Gueux Noréaz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.08 2.02 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-014 Bellerive I Collonge-Bellerive Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.4 8.87 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-015 Port Corsier Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.94 10.9 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-016 Bourg Versoix Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.03 15.93 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-017 Egolzwil 3 Egolzwil Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.65 56.82 5000–4000
Switzerland 1363-018 Seematte Hitzkirch Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.81 24.55 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-019 Halbinsel Sursee Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.55 67.78 4000–3500, 2500–500
Switzerland 1363-020 Port-Conty Saint-Aubin-Sauges Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.04 7.03 4000–2000
Switzerland 1363-021 Les Argilliez Gorgier Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.32 1.2 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-022 L’Abbaye 2 Bevaix Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.04 5.01 1040–986
Switzerland 1363-023 La Saunerie Milvignes Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.51 1.63 4000–3500, 3000–2000
Switzerland 1363-024 Les Graviers Milvignes Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.57 2.13 3500–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-025 Kehrsiten Stansstad Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.26 5.14 4000–3000
Switzerland 1363-026 Weier I - III Thayngen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.48 3.44 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-027 Freienbach–Hurden Rosshorn Hurden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 4.32 20.1 3500–3000, 2000–500
Switzerland 1363-028 Freienbach–Hurden Seefeld Hurden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.4 16.12 3500–2500
Switzerland 1363-029 Burgäschisee Ost Aeschi Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.3 90.69 4000–3500, 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-030 Inkwilersee Insel Bolken/Inkwil Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.1 45.71 4000-3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-031 Feldbach (Seegubel) Kempraten/Feldbach, Switzerland Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 7.5 15.5 4000–1000
Switzerland 1363-032 Rapperswil-Jona–Technikum Rapperswil Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.92 49.1 2000–1500
Switzerland 1363-033 Bleiche 2-3 Arbon Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.37 5.84 3500–3000, 2000–1500
Switzerland 1363-034 Insel Werd Eschenz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.8 44.08 4000–2500, 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-035 Egelsee Gachnang-Niederwil Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.97 5.94 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-036 Nussbaumersee Hüttwilen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.66 16.86 5000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-037 Pointe de Montbec I Chabrey Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.78 8.04 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-038 La Bessime Chevroux Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.07 22.1 4000–3500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-039 Village Chevroux Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.54 38.4 3500–2000
Switzerland 1363-040 Stations de Concise Corcelles-près-Concise Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 6.5 11.5 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-041 Corcelettes Les Violes Grandson Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.59 17.4 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-042 Les Roseaux Morges Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.86 8.1 2000–1000
Switzerland 1363-043 Stations de Morges Morges Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.12 7.91 2000–1000
Switzerland 1363-044 Chenevières de Guévaux I Mur, now Vully-les-Lacs Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.04 9.73 2000–1500
Switzerland 1363-045 Baie de Clendy Yverdon-les-Bains Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.87 38.7 4000–1500
Switzerland 1363-046 Le Marais Yvonand Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.95 16.8 3500–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-047 Oterswil / Insel Eielen Zug Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.45 10.82 3000–2000
Switzerland 1363-048 Riedmatt Zug Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.28 2.61 3500–2500, 1500–1000
Switzerland 1363-049 Sumpf Zug Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.55 7.5 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-050 Erlenbach–Winkel Erlenbach Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.01 6.6 4000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-051 Greifensee–Storen/Wildsberg Greifensee Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 9.59 11.7 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-052 Meilen–Rorenhaab Meilen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.7 4.8 4000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-053 Wädenswil–Vorder Au Au, Switzerland Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.49 22.5 3500–1500
Switzerland 1363-054 Wetzikon-Robenhausen Wetzikon Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.92 155 4000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-055 Zürich–Enge Alpenquai Zürich Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.93 17.4 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-056 Grosser Hafner and Kleiner Hafner Zürich Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.64 16.56 5000–1500, 1000–500
Austria 1363-057 Keutschacher See Keutschach Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.21 132.5 4000–3500, 1000–500
Austria 1363-058 Abtsdorf I Attersee Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.1 91.43 1500–1000
Austria 1363-059 Abtsdorf III Attersee Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.22 91.43 4000–3000
Austria 1363-060 Litzlberg Süd Seewalchen am Attersee Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.76 65.26 4000–3000
Austria 1363-061 See Mondsee Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.22 0.97 3500–3000
France 1363-062 Le Grand Lac de Clairvaux Clairvaux-les-Lacs Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 15.2 103.05 4000–500
France 1363-063 Lac de Chalain, rive occidentale Marigny, Doucier, Fontenu Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 50.65 96.83 5300–600
France 1363-064 Lac d’Aiguebelette, zone sud Aiguebelette-le-Lac, Saint-Alban-de-Montbel Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.64 42.87 3000–2500
France 1363-065 Baie de Grésine Brison-Saint-Innocent Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 4.09 31.5 1000–500
France 1363-066 Baie de Châtillon Chindrieux Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.91 7.6 1000–500
France 1363-067 Hautecombe Saint-Pierre-de-Curtille Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.03 5.7 3500–3000
France 1363-068 Littoral de Tresserve Tresserve Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.12 72.4 1000–500
France 1363-069 Littoral de Chens-sur-Léman Chens-sur-Léman Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.93 92.6 1500–500
France 1363-070 Les Marais de Saint-Jorioz Saint-Jorioz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.49 4.3 4000–3500
France 1363-071 Le Crêt de Chatillon Sévrier Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.07 8.2 1500–500
France 1363-072 Secteur des Mongets Sévrier, Saint-Jorioz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.13 63.2 2000–1500
Germany 1363-073 Wangen-Hinterhorn Öhningen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.56 3.2 4000–2500, 1500–500
Germany 1363-074 Hornstaad-Hörnle Gaienhofen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 13.11 72.4 4000–2500
Germany 1363-075 Allensbach-Strandbad Allensbach Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.65 6.6 4000–2500
Germany 1363-076 Wollmatingen-Langenrain Konstanz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.55 83.7 1000–500
Germany 1363-077 Konstanz-Hinterhausen Konstanz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 4.15 4.12 4000–3500, 3000–2500
Germany 1363-078 Litzelstetten-Krähenhorn 32 Konstanz Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 7.51 47.92 3960–3805
Germany 1363-079 Bodman-Schachen / Löchle Bodman-Ludwigshafen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 5.34 14.1 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1000
Germany 1363-080 Sipplingen-Osthafen Sipplingen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 4.61 6.23 3919–2417, 934–933
Germany 1363-081 Unteruhldingen-Stollenwiesen Uhldingen-Mühlhofen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 4.22 4.52 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–500
Germany 1363-082 Ödenahlen Alleshausen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.97 58.02 4000–3500
Germany 1363-083 Grundwiesen Alleshausen Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.54 3.42 3020–2700
Germany 1363-084 Siedlung Forschner Bad Buchau Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.54 285.14 1767–1480
Germany 1363-085 Olzreute-Enzisholz Bad Schussenried Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.82 20.62 3000–2500
Germany 1363-086 Schreckensee Wolpertswende Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.06 7.05 3651–3263
Germany 1363-087 Ehrenstein Blaustein Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.33 2.42 4000–3500
Germany 1363-088 Pestenacker Weil Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.57 3.66 3495–3481
Germany 1363-089 Unfriedshausen Geltendorf Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.79 7.69 3813–3535
Germany 1363-090 Rose Island Feldafing Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 15.16 34.3 5000–2500, 2000–500
Italy 1363-091 Palù di Livenza – Santissima Polcenigo Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 13.48 86.72 4766–4375, 3768–3538
Italy 1363-092 Lavagnone Desenzano del Garda Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 6.04 14.45 2500–1000
Italy 1363-093 San Sivino, Gabbiano Manerba del Garda Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.85 3.46 2500–1500
Italy 1363-094 Lugana Vecchia Sirmione Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.59 11.16 2500–1000
Italy 1363-095 Lucone Polpenazze del Garda Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 7.66 68.2 5000–3500, 2500–1500
Italy 1363-096 Lagazzi del Vho Piadena Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.77 18.46 2000–1500
Italy 1363-097 Bande - Corte Carpani Cavriana Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 7.33 36.4 2005–1959
Italy 1363-098 Castellaro Lagusello - Fondo Tacoli Monzambano Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.23 59.04 2000–1000
Italy 1363-099 Isolino Virginia-Camilla-Isola di San Biagio Biandronno Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3.79 25.07 5000–1000
Italy 1363-100 Bodio centrale o delle Monete Bodio Lomnago Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.67 28.55 2000–1000
Italy 1363-101 Il Sabbione o settentrionale Cadrezzate Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.18 9.61 2000–1000
Italy 1363-102 VI.1-Emissario Viverone, Azeglio Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 5.86 852.77 2000–1000
Italy 1363-103 Mercurago Arona Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 5.16 270.06 2000–1000
Italy 1363-104 Molina di Ledro Ledro Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 0.78 2.31 1900–1300
Italy 1363-105 Fiavé-Lago Carera Fiavè Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 10.7 73.92 4000–3500, 2000–1000
Italy 1363-106 Belvedere Peschiera del Garda Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2.52 12.46 2500–1500
Italy 1363-107 Frassino Peschiera del Garda Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.48 31.19 2000–1000
Italy 1363-108 Tombola Cerea Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.51 123.76 1500–1000
Italy 1363-109 Laghetto della Costa Arquà Petrarca Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1.56 6.52 2500–1500
Slovenia 1363-110 Kolišča na Igu, severna skupina Ig Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 19.2 516.65 3000–1500
Slovenia 1363-111 Kolišča na Igu, južna skupina Ig Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 26.1 516.55 5000–2500

See also

Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
  2. Maša Štiftar de Arzu, ed. (14 October 2011). "Pile-dwellings in the Ljubljansko Barje on UNESCO List" (PDF). Embassy Newsletter. Embassy of Slovenia in Washington.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Armando Mombelli, Lake dwellings reveal hidden past, SwissInfo.ch, Nov 11, 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps, Locations accessed 12 August 2011. Due to errors in coordinates from this document, some coordinates come from other sources.
  5. Location and coordinates taken from Palafittes.org nominating documents-Revised executive summary accessed 12 August 2011. Coordinates converted from UTM.
  6. palafittes.org nomination documents accessed 14 August 2011

External links

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