Progress State Research and Production Rocket Space Center
The Progress State Research and Production Space Centre (Russian: Ракетно-космический центр «Прогресс»), also known as TsSKB-Progress (Russian: ЦСКБ-Прогресс), is a Russian "Federal State Unitary Enterprise" under the jurisdiction of Roscosmos, the State Corporation for Space Activities responsible for space science and aerospace research. It is the developer of the famous Soyuz-FG rocket used for manned space flight, as well as Soyuz-U used for launching unmanned probes.
TsSKB-Progress is the developer and manufacturer of the Soyuz FG series of launch vehicles used for human spaceflight launches, and the Soyuz-U series used for robotic spacecraft launches. Commercial marketing of these launch vehicles is handled by the company Starsem. TsSKB-Progress' satellite products include the Foton and Foton-M science satellite series, the Yantar military satellites and the Resurs DK Earth resource satellite.
The company's main production facilities are located in the city of Samara. They include a design bureau, a large R-7 factory called Progress and an affiliate design bureau KB Foton. Up to 25,000 people work in the Progress factory; of them, 5,000 work in rocket and satellite systems, and 360 work on the R-7 production line at any given time. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the factory has also diversified into machine tools, vodka and sweets.
TsSKB Progress is currently leading the development Rus-M, a new launcher intended for launching the Federation (spacecraft), the manned spacecraft that will eventually replace the current Soyuz spacecraft.
On 12 April 1996 two Russian aerospace organizations, the Central Specialized Design Bureau (Russian: Центрального специализированного конструкторского бюро), TsSKB, and the Samara Progress plant were merged to form TsSKB-Progress.
In 1941 the State Aviation Plant No. 1 was moved from Moscow to the city now known as Samara, Russia, near the Volga River. The plant, named Dooks, had been created in 1917, using facilities in Moscow which had previously been used for the manufacture of bicycles, motorcycles, and various other vehicles. Before World War II the plant had manufactured several aeroplane models at the Moscow location, including the MiG-3. During the war the plant manufactured Ilyushin Il-2 and Il-10 aircraft. In 1946 it began production of MiG-9 and MiG-15 jet fighters, and in 1954 it started to produce Tupolev Tu-16 bombers.
The Central Specialized Design Bureau (TsSKB) was established on 30 June 1974. Dmitri Kozlov, who had been the chief designer of the R-7 and a Deputy Chief Designer of ОКB-1, was appointed General Designer of TsSKB on 6 July 1983. In 2003 A.N. Kirilin was appointed as General Director of "TsSKB-Progress", and D.I. Kozlov became its Honorary General Designer.
Rockets and missiles
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