RAF Carnaby

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
RAF Carnaby
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Carnaby
Built 1943
In use 1944-1945
1959-1963
Elevation AMSL 10 m / 33 ft
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Map
RAF Carnaby is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
RAF Carnaby
RAF Carnaby
Location in East Riding of Yorkshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,700 8,858 Concrete

RAF Carnaby was a Royal Air Force emergency landing strip that offered crippled bombers a safe place to land near the English coast during the Second World War. It was situated 2.0 miles (3.2 km) southwest of Bridlington, East Riding of Yorkshire.

History

RAF Carnaby opened in March 1944. Unlike most RAF airfields there was a single runway, five times the width of a standard runway and 9,000 ft (2,700 m) long, lying approximately east-west to enable bombers crossing the coast an easier landing.[1] Two other similar functioning airfields were either constructed or further developed along the east coast of England, at Manston and Woodbridge, all three providing an emergency option for wartime bomber crews.[1] All three airfields were developed to the same pattern, Woodbridge being the first to open in November 1943. The similar runway at Manston was brought into operation in April 1944.[citation needed]

Along with RAF Manston and RAF Woodbridge, Carnaby was developed as an east coast emergency landing ground for bomber crews. These airfields were intended for use by returning bombers suffering from low-fuel and/or suspected damage to their pneumatic (wheel Brake) and/or hydraulic (Control surface) systems. All three airfields were equipped with a single runway, 9,000 ft (2,700 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide. There was a further clear area of 1,500 ft (460 m) at each end of the runway. At each of the three airfields, the runway was divided into three 250 ft (76 m) lanes. The northern and central lanes were allocated by flying control, while the southern lane was the emergency lane on which any aircraft could land without first making contact with the airfield.[citation needed] Over 1,400 bombers made an emergency landing at Carnaby up until the end of the war.[1]

Embry in "Mission Completed"[2]believed that the three emergency runways were constructed as a result of the success of the 3 mile long landing strip and flarepath at Wittering in accepting over 70 damaged aircraft from Bomber Command. The runway had been lengthened in 1940 to reduce landing accidents to nightfighter Beaufighters returning at night and in bad weather.

Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation

Carnaby was one of fifteen airfields operating the fog dispersal system known as Fog Investigation and Dispersal Operation (FIDO). The system consisted of two rows of burning petrol one on each side of the runway, the heat from this fire raised the air temperature above the runways, cutting a hole in the fog and provided crews with a brightly lit strip indicating the position of the runway.[1]

RAF Carnaby was a Thor missile base from 1959 to 1963 controlled by No. 150 Squadron RAF.[3]

Post-RAF history

RAF Carnaby was for many years used for the storage of new Lada cars. Today it has been developed beyond recognition into Carnaby Industrial Estate although with aerial photography you can still make out the outline of the former airfield.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "RAF Carnaby". The Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 16 June 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Mission Completed" Air Chief Marshall Sir Basil Embry, White Lion Publishers Limited 1976, ISBN 0-7274-0260-9, pages 205-208
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Carnaby (Bridlington)". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 16 June 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links