Richard Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Clancarty
President of the Board of Trade
In office
29 September 1812 – 24 January 1818
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl Bathurst
Succeeded by Hon. F. J. Robinson
Personal details
Born 19 May 1767 (1767-05-19)
Died 24 November 1837 (1837-11-25)
Kinnegad, County Westmeath
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Henrietta Margaret Staples
(c. 1770–1847)
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge

Richard Le Poer Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty, 1st Marquess of Heusden GCB GCH PC (19 May 1767 – 24 November 1837), styled The Honourable from 1797 to 1803 and then Viscount Dunlo to 1805, was an Irish peer, a nobleman in the Dutch nobility, and a diplomat. He was an Irish, and later British, Member of Parliament and a supporter of Pitt.

Background and education

Clancarty was the son of William Trench, 1st Earl of Clancarty and Anne, daughter of Charles Gardiner and his seat was Garbally Court in Ballinasloe, East County Galway where he was associated with the Great October Fair.[1] His brother was Power Le Poer Trench (1770–1839), archbishop of Tuam. He was educated at Kimbolton School and St John's College, Cambridge.[2]

Political career

Trench represented Newtown Limavady in the Irish House of Commons from 1796 to 1798. He sat further for Galway County from 1798 to a short time before the Act of Union, when he was replaced by "Humanity Dick" Martin.

He was credited with resolving various border disputes in Holland, Germany and Italy at the Congress of Vienna, 1814–1815, and in his role as Ambassador to the Netherlands. For his service as ambassador to The Hague, he was awarded the hereditary title of Marquess of Heusden in the peerage of The Netherlands on 8 July 1815[3] by William I of the Netherlands, following the defeat of Napoleon in Brabant in that same province's southern reaches. Trench was elected one of the 28 representative peers of Ireland on 16 December 1808. His seat in the House of Lords became hereditary when he was created Baron Trench (4 August 1815) and Viscount Clancarty (created 8 December 1823), in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, his older peerages being Irish peerages. He was a Commissioner for the Affairs of India and Custos Rotulorum of County Galway.

In the same Royal Decree that awarded the Marquessate of Heusden, K.B. of 8 July 1815, numbers 13 en 14, another Irishman, Arthur Wellesley was granted the Netherlands' Kingdom hereditary nobility-title Prince of Waterloo, following his recent exploits at that place in modern-day Kingdom of Belgium.

Postmaster General

Between 1807 and 1809 Trench was one of the joint Postmasters General of Ireland[4] and he was appointed Postmaster General of the United Kingdom being one of the last joint holders of that office from 1814–1816.[5]


On 6 February 1796 he married Henrietta Margaret Staples, daughter of John Staples and Ann Conolly. They had the following children:

  1. Lady Lucy Le Poer Trench (d. 1839), married Robert Maxwell
  2. Lady Louisa Augusta Anne Le Poer Trench (b. 23 December 1796, d. 7 February 1881), married Reverend William Le Poer Trench
  3. Lady Harriet Margaret Le Poer Trench (b. 13 October 1799, d. 1885), married Thomas Kavanagh "the MacMurrough", a descendant of Art mac Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh
  4. Lady Emily Florinda Le Poer Trench (b. 7 November 1800), married Giovanni Cossiria
  5. Lady Frances Power Le Poer Trench (b. 22 January 1802, d. 28 December 1804)
  6. William Thomas Le Poer Trench, 3rd Earl of Clancarty (b 21 September 1803, d. 26 April 1872), married Lady Sarah Juliana Butler, daughter of Somerset Richard Butler, 3rd Earl of Carrick
  7. Hon. Richard John Le Poer Trench (b. 1805)
  8. Commander Hon. Frederick Robert Le Poer Trench (b. 23 July 1808, d. April 1867), married Catherine Maria Thompson



  1. Lally, Barry (2015). "Story of the Great October Fair". Ballinasloe Fair. Retrieved 16 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Trench, Richard Power Keating (TRNC785RP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Hoge Raad van Adel, Wet op Adeldom 1994; Netherlands' Law of Nobility, Article 1 (in Dutch)
  4. Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities. London: Longmans, Brown, Green and Longmans. p. 461.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Thorne, R. G. (editor) (21 April 2006). "TRENCH, Hon. Richard (1767–1837), of Garbally, Co. Galway". The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790–1820. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-043-6521-010. Retrieved 4 October 2013. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Urban, Sylvanus. "The Earl of Clancarty." The Gentleman's Magazine. Obituary Vol. IX, January to June, London: William Pickering; John Bowyer Nickols and Son, 1838. (pp. 93–94) googlebooks Retrieved 17 October 2008
  • Accessed 9 March 2008
  • Lodge, Edmund. The Peerage of the British Empire As at Present Existing: Arranged and Printed from the Personal Communications of the Nobility, by Edmund Lodge, to Which Is Added a View of the Baronetage of the Three Kingdoms. London: Saunders and Otley, 1834. (p. 96) googlebooks Accessed 9 March 2008

External links

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
John Staples
Hugh Carncross
Member of Parliament for Newtown Limavady
With: Hugh Carncross
Succeeded by
Viscount Castlereagh
Hugh Carncross
Preceded by
William Power Keating Trench
Joseph Henry Blake
Member of Parliament for Galway County
With: Joseph Henry Blake
Succeeded by
Richard Martin
Joseph Henry Blake
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for County Galway
With: Richard Martin 1801–1805
Denis Bowes Daly 1805–1812
Succeeded by
James Daly
Denis Bowes Daly
Preceded by
Patrick Crauford Bruce
Michael Angelo Taylor
Member of Parliament for Rye
May 1807 – Jul 1807
With: Sir John Nicholl
Succeeded by
Sir William Elford, Bt
Stephen Lushington
Government offices
Preceded by
The Earl Bathurst
Master of the Mint
Succeeded by
Hon. William Wellesley-Pole
President of the Board of Trade
Succeeded by
Hon. F. J. Robinson
Preceded by
The Earl of Sandwich
Postmaster General
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Salisbury
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
British Ambassador to the Netherlands
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Stuart
Preceded by
Sir Charles Stuart
British Ambassador to the Netherlands
Succeeded by
Dutch nobility
New creation Marquess of Heusden
Succeeded by
William Thomas Le Poer Trench
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
William Power Keating Trench
Earl of Clancarty
2nd creation
Succeeded by
William Thomas Le Poer Trench
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Clancarty
Succeeded by
William Thomas Le Poer Trench
Baron Trench