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Samavasarana of Tirthankara

In Jainism, Samavasarana or Samosharana "Refuge to All" is a term for the divine preaching hall of the Tirthankara. The word samavasarana is derived from two words, sama meaning general and avasara meaning opportunity. A place where all have a common opportunity of acquiring the wisdom.[1] The divine pavilion is built by heavenly beings (devas) after the tirthankara attain omniscience (Kevala Jnana).[2] The theme of Samavasaranas has been popular in Jain art.


Samosharana of Tirthankara Rishabha (Ajmer Jain temple)

In samavasarana, the tirthankara sat on a throne without touching it (about two inches above it).[3] Around, the tirthankara sits the ganadharas (chief disciples). Following is the order in which living beings sit:[4]

  • In the first hall, ascetics
  • In the second hall, one class of deva ladies
  • In the third hall, nuns and laywomen
  • In the next three halls, three other class of deva ladies
  • In the next four halls, the four classes of devas (heavenly beings)
  • Men, in the eleventh hall
  • Animals, in the last hall

According to Jain texts, there would be four wide roads with four huge columns, Manasthamba (literally, pride pillar), one in each side.[5] The total size of the hall varies depending upon the height of the people in that era. Size of Rishabhadeva's samavasarana was 12 km².[6]

Effects of the Samavasarana


In samavasarana, a tirthankara sits facing the east, but appears to be looking in all directions.[4] Tirthankara sits on a soft cushion while preaching the Jain philosophy in plain terms.[7] All humans and animals can understand the discourse. Jain scriptures say that all creatures who listen would become less violent and greed less.[8] The speech of the tirthankara is distinctly heard by every one present.[4]


See also


  1. Jain 2008, p. 97.
  2. Jains
  3. Jain 2008, p. 95.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Jain 2008, p. 96.
  5. Jain 2008, p. 93.
  6. "APPENDIX 14".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Jain 2008, p. 98.
  8. Pramansagar 2008, p. 39-43.


  • Rai, Champat Jain (2008), Risabha Deva (Second ed.), India: Bhagwan Rishabhdeo Granth Mala, ISBN 9788177720228<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pramansagar, Muni (2008), jain tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Champat Rai Jain (1929). "X: THE SAMAVASARANA". Risabha Deva - The Founder of Jainism. K. Mitra, Indian Press, Allahabad. p. 126.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links