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Not to be confused with Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi, about 600 km (370 mi) to the northwest
Prefecture-level city
Shiyan Railway Station
Shiyan Railway Station
Location of Shiyan City jurisdiction in Hubei
Location of Shiyan City jurisdiction in Hubei
Shiyan is located in Hubei
Location of the city centre in Hubei
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Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
County-level divisions 8
Municipal seat Maojian District
 • CPC Secretary Chen Tianhui (陈天会)
 • Mayor Zhang Siyi (张嗣义)
 • Total 1,022 km2 (395 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,640 m (5,380 ft)
Population (2010 census[1])
 • Total 3,340,841
 • Density 3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 442000

(Urban center) 442100-442300, 442500-442700

(Other areas)
Area code(s) 719
License Plate 鄂C
Camphor Laurel

Cinnamomum camphora L. Sieb. Southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora L.Blossom of pomegranate Punica granatum L. Chinese Rose

Rosa chinensis

Shiyan (Chinese: 十堰; pinyin: Shíyàn) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Hubei province, China, bordering Henan to the northeast, Chongqing to the southwest, and Shaanxi to the north and west. At the 2010 census, its population was 3,340,841 of whom 767,920 lived in the built-up (or metro) area ade of Maojian and Zhangwan urban districts on 1,193 square kilometres (461 square miles). In 2007, the city was named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.[2]


The Wudang Mountains run approximately east-west through the territory of the "Prefecture-level city" of Shiyan, crossing several of its county-level divisions. The peak commonly referred to as "Wudang Mountain", or in Mandarin Wudangshan, is one of the most important cultural centres of the Taoist faith. The surrounding areas are dotted with up to 200 Taoist monastic temples and religious sites. The main attraction in this area, and also one of the most sacred Taoist sites, which forms an important stop for mainly Chinese tourists bound there, with up to twenty bus loads of visitors per day at peak times is Wudangshan Jiedao of the Danjiangkou county-level city.


The prefecture-level city of Shiyan administers 8 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 4 counties.

The main urban area of the prefecture-level city of Shiyan is in Maojian District; it is typically labeled on maps simply as "Shiyan".

This area is subject to major change as part of the South to North water diversion project of the Han River. Certain areas will see an increase of up to 5 meters in water level to create a new reservoir to serve Beijing an Tianjing as part of this major water diversion project.



Shiyan is one of the most important centers of automobile industry in China, with Dongfeng, the premier Chinese truck, bus, and heavy goods vehicle as a major employer. It is also labeled as the 'Detroit' of China, given this focus on automobile manufacture.

Before 1949, it was a small village, which grew after the founding of the China. In 1967, teams of workers and engineers were first sent to Shiyan in order to survey sites for automotive plants and factories. At this time, the population of Shiyan was only a few hundred. Chairman Mao chose Shiyan as the site for China's automobile industry because the surrounding mountains and relative inaccessibility could act as a barrier against foreign attacks.



Shiyan is located on the Xiangyu Railway between Xiangyang and Chongqing. Construction on a railway between Shiyan and Yichang is scheduled to begin construction in 2009.[3]



Shiyan Wudangshan Airport (IATA: WDS, ICAO: ZHSY) is an airport serving the city of Shiyan in northwestern Hubei Province, China. It is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city center and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Wudangshan, the World Heritage Site after which it is named.Shiyan Wudangshan Airport

Sister city

Shiyan has been a sister city of Craiova, Romania, since December 1999.

External links


  2. "China's Top 10 Most Livable Cities". Hunan Loudi Official Government. 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2014-08-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. [1]