Soyuz TM-34

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Soyuz TM-34
Operator Rosaviakosmos
Mission duration 198 days, 17 hours, 37 minutes, 45 seconds
Orbits completed ~3,235
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TM
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Crew size 3
Launching Yuri Gidzenko
Roberto Vittori
Mark Shuttleworth
Landing Sergei Zalyotin
Frank De Winne
Yury Lonchakov
Callsign Uran
Start of mission
Launch date April 25, 2002, 06:26:35 (2002-04-25UTC06:26:35Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
End of mission
Landing date November 10, 2002, 00:04:20 (2002-11-10UTC00:04:21Z) UTC
Landing site 80 kilometres (50 mi) NE of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 193 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee 247 kilometres (153 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.6 minutes
Docking with ISS
Soyuz TM-34 logo.png

Soyuz TM-34 crew 1.jpg

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz TM-33 Soyuz TMA-1

Soyuz TM-34 was the fourth Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS).[1] Soyuz TM-34 was launched by a Soyuz-U launch vehicle.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Yuri Gidzenko, RKA
Third and last spaceflight
Russia Sergei Zalyotin, RKA
Second and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer Italy Roberto Vittori, ESA
First spaceflight
Belgium Frank De Winne, ESA
First spaceflight
Spaceflight Participant/Flight Engineer South Africa Mark Shuttleworth, SA
First spaceflight
Russia Yury Lonchakov, RKA
Second spaceflight

Docking with ISS

  • Docked to ISS: April 27, 2002, 07:55 UTC (to nadir port of Zarya)
  • Undocked from ISS: November 9, 2002, 20:44 UTC (from nadir port of Zarya)

Mission highlights

This was the 17th manned mission to ISS.

Soyuz TM-34 was a Russian Soyuz TM passenger transportation craft that was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baikonur at 06:26 UT on 25 April 2002. It carried two cosmonauts and a South African tourist, Mark Shuttleworth, to the International Space Station (ISS). Shuttleworth performed some biology experiments, as he carried a live rat and sheep stem cells. All three returned on Soyuz TM-33 after an eight-day mission.

Soyuz TM-34 was the final flight of the Soyuz-TM variant, due to its replacement by the upgraded Soyuz-TMA.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Soyuz ISS Missions" (PDF). NASA.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>