Soyuz TMA-12

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Soyuz TMA-12
Operator Roskosmos
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TMA
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Crew size 3
Members Sergei Volkov
Oleg Kononenko
Launching Yi So-Yeon
Landing Richard Garriott
Start of mission
Launch date April 8, 2008, 11:16:39 (2008-04-08UTC11:16:39Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-FG
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date October 24, 2008, 03:37 (2008-10-24UTC03:38Z) UTC[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Docking with ISS
Soyuz TMA-12 Patch.png

Soyuz TMA-12 Crew.jpg
From left to right: Yi So-yeon, Sergei Volkov, Oleg Kononenko

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz TMA-11 Soyuz TMA-13

Soyuz TMA-12 was a Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS) which was launched by a Soyuz FG rocket at 11:16 UTC on 8 April 2008. It docked to the Pirs module of the station on 10 April 2008.[2] Landing occurred at 03:37 on 24 October. It was the first nominal landing in three missions, following separation failures on the Soyuz TMA-10 and 11 spacecraft.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Sergei Volkov, RKA
Expedition 17
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Russia Oleg Kononenko, RKA
Expedition 17
First spaceflight
Spaceflight Participant South Korea Yi So-Yeon, KAP[4]
First spaceflight
United Kingdom/United States Richard Garriott, SA[3]
First spaceflight

Backup crew

Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Maksim Surayev, RKA
Flight Engineer Russia Oleg Skripochka, RKA
Spaceflight Participant South Korea Ko San, KAP Australia Nik Halik, SA[5]

Crew Notes

Yi So-yeon flew as a guest of the Russian government through the Korean Astronaut Program after the Korean government paid the Russian government 25 million US dollars in agreement to support the first Korean astronaut in space. Her role aboard the Soyuz is referred to as a Spaceflight Participant in English-language Russian Federal Space Agency and NASA documents and press briefings.[6] Ko San was originally scheduled to fly, with Yi as his backup. On 10 March 2008, it was announced that Ko breached regulations surrounding removal of books from the training centre in Russia,[7] and therefore would not be allowed to fly.[4]

Soyuz TMA-12 approaches the International Space Station for docking on 10 April 2008.

Richard Garriott flew as a space tourist through a program run by Space Adventures. He is also referred to as a Spaceflight Participant in English-language RKA and NASA documents.

Soyuz TMA-12 saw the joined landing of the world's first two second-generation space travellers, Sergei Volkov and Richard Garriott. Volkov's father, Aleksandr Volkov, flew to space three times and visited the Salyut 7 and Mir space stations. Garriott's father, Owen Garriott, flew to space twice and visited the Skylab space station.


  1. NASA (2008). "Expedition 17". NASA. Retrieved 24 October 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Expedition 17 Crew Launches from Baikonur
  3. Space Adventures Announces 1st Second Generation Astronaut Space Adventures
  4. 4.0 4.1 CNN - S. Korea names woman as first astronaut
  5. "Space Adventures Announces the Identity of Back-up Crew Member". Retrieved 19 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. NASA - Expedition 17
  7. BBC News - South Korea swaps first astronaut