Soyuz TMA-16M

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Soyuz TMA-16M
ISS-43 Soyuz TMA 16M approaches the ISS (a).jpg
Soyuz TMA-16M approaches the ISS, 28 March 2015.
Operator Roskosmos
COSPAR ID 2015-016A
SATCAT № 40542
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TMA 11F732A47 No.716
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Crew size 3
Members Gennady Padalka
Launching Mikhail Korniyenko
Scott Kelly
Landing Andreas Mogensen
Aydyn Aimbetov
Callsign Altair[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 27 March 2015
19:42:57 UTC[2]
Rocket Soyuz-FG
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date 12 September 2015
00:51 UTC
Landing site Kazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Docking with ISS
Docking port Poisk zenith, later Zvezda aft
Docking date 28 March 2015
01:33 UTC
Undocking date 11 September 2015
21:29 UTC
Time docked 167 days, 19 hours, 56 minutes

File:Soyuz TMA-16M crew during an emergency scenario training session at JSC.jpg
(l-r) Korniyenko, Padalka and Kelly

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz TMA-15M Soyuz TMA-17M

Soyuz TMA-16M was a 2015 flight to the International Space Station.[3] It transported three members of the Expedition 43 crew to the Station. TMA-16M was the 125th flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, the first having launched in 1967.

Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko performed the first one-year stay at the Space Station,[3] returning in Soyuz TMA-18M.


Position[4] Launching Crew Member Landing Crew Member
Commander Russia Gennady Padalka, RSA
Expedition 43
Fifth spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Mikhail Korniyenko, RSA
Expedition 43
Second spaceflight
Denmark Andreas Mogensen, ESA
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2 United States Scott Kelly, NASA
Expedition 43
Fourth and last spaceflight
Kazakhstan Aidyn Aimbetov[6], KazCosmos
First spaceflight

Backup crew

Position[7] Crew Member
Commander Russia Aleksey Ovchinin, RSA
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Sergey Volkov, RSA
Flight Engineer 2 United States Jeffrey Williams, NASA

Mission highlights

Launch, rendezvous and docking

Soyuz TMA-16M was launched successfully aboard a Soyuz-FG rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 19:42 UTC on Friday, 27 March 2015. The spacecraft reached low Earth orbit approximately nine minutes after lift-off. After executing rendezvous maneuvers, the Soyuz docked with the zenith port of the International Space Station's Poisk module approximately six hours after launch, at 01:33 UTC on 28 March. The docking occurred over Colombia.[8][9]

Soyuz TMA-16M remained docked to the ISS—serving as an emergency escape vehicle–until September 12 2015, when it departed and returned Padalka, Andreas Mogensen and Aydyn Aimbetov to Earth.[6] This vehicle was previously scheduled to carry Sarah Brightman as a space tourist, but Brightman's flight was announced to be cancelled in May 2015.[10]

Relocation maneuver

Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft was relocated from Poisk module to the orbiting laboratory’s Zvezda module service module on 28 August 2015.[11] This cleared the Poisk module for the arrival of Soyuz TMA-18M.

Undocking and return to Earth

Soyuz TMA-16M undocked from the ISS at 21:29 UTC on 11 September 2015, containing Gennady Padalka of Roscosmos and visiting crew members Andreas Mogensen of ESA (European Space Agency) and Aidyn Aimbetov of the Kazakh Space Agency. Following a deorbit burn, the Soyuz spacecraft's descent module reentered the Earth's atmosphere. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 00:51 UTC on 12 September 2015, just over three hours after departing the ISS.[12]



  1. Soyuz TMA-16M mission updates Spaceflight101, 28 march 2015
  2. Clark, Stephen. "Live coverage: Crew ready to begin record-setting space mission". SpaceflightNow. Retrieved 27 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 NASA, Roscosmos Assign Veteran Crew to Yearlong Space Station Mission NASA, 2012-11-26.
  4. Планируемые полёты (in русский). Retrieved 2012-06-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Agencia Espacial Europea. "Andreas Mogensen's mission name links cosmos and Earth". Retrieved 22 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 TASS (22 June 2015). "Kazakhstani cosmonaut to fly to ISS in September in place of British singer Brightman".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. (2013). "Орбитальные полёты".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Soyuz TMA-16M kicks off historic one year expedition". Retrieved 27 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "One Year Crew Arrives at Station". NASA. Retrieved 28 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Brightman steps down from station flight". Retrieved 28 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Soyuz Relocation". NASA. Retrieved 29 Aug 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Soyuz Return to Earth". NASA. Retrieved 11 Sep 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>