Soyuz TMA-7

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Soyuz TMA-7
Operator Roskosmos
COSPAR ID 2005-039A
Mission duration 189 days, 19 hours, 53 minutes
Orbits completed 2,987
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-TMA 11F732
Manufacturer RKK Energia
Launch mass 7,200 kilograms (15,900 lb)
Crew size 3
Members Valery Tokarev
William McArthur
Launching Gregory Olsen
Landing Marcos Pontes
Start of mission
Launch date October 1, 2005, 03:55:00 (2005-10-01UTC03:55Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-FG
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date April 8, 2006, 23:48:00 (2006-04-08UTC23:49Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee ~200 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee ~252 kilometres (157 mi)
Inclination ~51.7 degrees
Period ~88.7 minutes
Docking with ISS
Soyuz TMA-7 patch.svg

Crew of soyuz tma7.jpg

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz TMA-6 Soyuz TMA-8

Soyuz TMA-7 (Russian: Союз ТМА-7) was a transport mission for portions of the International Space Station (ISS) Expedition 12 crew launched October 1, 2005. The flight delivered ISS Commander William McArthur and ISS Flight Engineer Valery Tokarev to the station to replace Expedition 11 crew members. Spaceflight Participant Gregory Olsen joined the TMA-7 crew for the ascent and docking with the ISS, spent approximately eight days aboard conducting experiments, then returned to Earth with the outgoing members of Expedition 11 aboard Soyuz TMA-6. McArthur and Tokarev were joined on their return trip to Earth by Flight Engineer Marcos Pontes who launched aboard Soyuz TMA-8 and spent approximately seven days aboard the ISS conducting experiments for the Brazilian Space Agency.

Soyuz TMA-7 seen from the ISS.


Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Russia Valery Tokarev, RKA[1]
Expedition 12
Second and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer United States William McArthur, NASA[1]
Expedition 12
Fourth and last spaceflight
Spaceflight Participant United States Gregory Olsen, SA[1]
Only spaceflight
Brazil Marcos Pontes, AEB
First spaceflight

Docking with ISS

  • Docked to ISS: October 3, 2005, 05:27 UTC (to Pirs module)
  • Undocked from ISS: November 18, 2005, 08:46 UTC (from Pirs module)
  • Docked to ISS: November 18, 2005, 09:05 UTC (to nadir port of Zarya)
  • Undocked from ISS: March 20, 2006, 06:49 UTC (from nadir port of Zarya)
  • Docked to ISS: March 20, 2006, 07:11 UTC (to aft port of Zvezda)
  • Undocked from ISS: April 8, 2006, 20:28 UTC (from aft port of Zvezda)

Mission highlights

28th manned flight to ISS (Flight 11S).

Soyuz TMA-7 is a Soyuz spacecraft which has been launched on October 1, 2005 by a Soyuz-FG rocket from Baikonur Cosmodrome.

Soyuz TMA-7 approaches the International Space Station.

The spacecraft carried two members of the Expedition 12 crew to the International Space Station, together with the space tourist Gregory Olsen. They replaced the Expedition 11 crew, Commander Sergei Krikalev and John Phillips.

The last member of the original Expedition 12 crew, Thomas Reiter finally launched in July 2006 on STS-121. Owing to shuttle mechanical and weather delays, he was forced to move to Expedition 13.

This was the last flight which is covered by the 1996 "balance" agreement that required the Russians to provide 11 Soyuz spacecraft to ferry joint U.S-Russian crews to and from the International Space Station. Further Soyuz flights needed a renegotiation between NASA and its Russian counterpart, and a modification of the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "OFFICIAL PRESS RELEASE about the return of the ISS-11 and VC-9 crews to the Earth". NPO Energia. October 11, 2005. Retrieved December 17, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>