Lenin Peace Prize

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The back of the Lenin Peace Prize Medal

The International Lenin Peace Prize (Russian: международная Ленинская премия мира) was the Soviet Union's award named in honor of Vladimir Lenin. It was awarded by a panel appointed by the Soviet government, to notable individuals whom the panel indicated had "strengthened peace among comrades". It was founded as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples, but was renamed the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (Russian: Международная Ленинская премия «За укрепление мира между народами») as a result of destalinization. Unlike the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize was usually awarded to several people a year rather than to just one individual. The prize was mainly awarded to prominent Communists and supporters of the Soviet Union who were not Soviet citizens. Notable recipients include: W. E. B. Du Bois, Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende, Sean MacBride, Angela Davis, Pablo Picasso, Oscar Niemeyer and Nelson Mandela.

History

The prize was created as the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples on December 21, 1949 by executive order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in honor of Joseph Stalin's seventieth birthday (although this was after his seventy-first).

Following Nikita Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 during the Twentieth Party Congress, the prize was renamed on September 6 as the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples. All previous recipients were asked to return their Stalin Prizes so they could be replaced by the renamed Lenin Prize. By a decision of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of December 11, 1989, the prize was renamed the International Lenin Peace Prize.[1] Two years later, after the USSR had collapsed, the Russian government, as the successor state to the defunct Soviet Union, ended the award program.

The International Lenin Prize should not be confused with the International Peace Prize, awarded by the World Peace Council. In 1941 the Soviet Union created the Stalin Prize (later renamed the USSR State Prize), which was awarded annually to accomplished Soviet writers, composers, artists and scientists.

Stalin Prize recipients

1950

Awarded April 6, 1951 – Seven winners

1951

Awarded December 20, 1951 -Six winners

1952

Awarded December 20, 1952 – Seven winners

1953

Awarded December 12, 1953 – Ten winners

1954

Awarded December 18, 1954 – Nine winners

1955

Awarded December 9, 1955 – Six Winners

Lenin Prize recipients

1957

1958

1959

Awarded April 30, 1959

1960

Awarded May 3, 1960

1961

Awarded April 30, 1961

1962

Awarded April 30, 1962

1963

Awarded May 1, 1963 – Four Awarded

1964

Awarded May 1, 1964 – Three awarded

1965

Presented August 14, 1965

1966

Awarded May 1, 1967 – Six awards

1967

1968–1969

Awarded April 16, 1970 – Seven awards

1970–1971

(No awards given in 1971 [46])

1972

Awarded May 1, 1973 – Four awards

1973–1974

1975–1976

Awarded May 1977 – Seven Awards

1977–1978

Awarded May 1, 1979 – Six Awards

1979

Awarded April 30, 1980 – Five Awardees

1980–1982

Awarded May 1983 – 4 awards

1983–1984

Awarded May 1, 1985 – Six Awards

1985–1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1. Mandela was awarded the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1990 but, due to his trial and imprisonment in South Africa, was unable to accept the prize until 2002.

See also

References

  1. "ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ВС СССР ОТ 11.12.1989 N 905-1 О МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЛЕНИНСКОЙ ПРЕМИИ МИРА" (in Russian). 2006-10-12. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1950 год. Pravda. Apr 6, 1951 [1]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 The Deseret News – Apr 7, 1951
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1959. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 The Miami News – Dec 21, 1951
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1953. vol. 24, p. 366. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 El Tiempo – Jun 10, 1980
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Eugene Register-Guard – Dec 22, 1952
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 Reading Eagle – Dec 21, 1953
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 St. Petersburg Times – Dec 21, 1954
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> In some cases in GSE's 3rd edition the year is that, "in which" the Prize was awarded, in other cases – "for which". Hence, the year "1970" there seems to be the Prize "for 1969" or "for 1968–1969"
  12. 12.0 12.1 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1989. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1958. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 О присуждении международных Сталинских премий "За укрепление мира между народами" за 1955 год. Pravda. Dec 21, 1955, page 1 [2]
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 Toledo Blade – Dec 21, 1955
  16. The Telegraph – Apr 8, 1965
  17. Toledo Blade – Dec 29, 1969
  18. Eugene Register-Guard – Oct 8, 1983
  19. Reading Eagle – Apr 11, 1965
  20. Vochenblatt – Nov 27, 1958
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1960. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 The Deseret News – May 1, 1959
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1961. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 The Spokesman-Review – May 4, 1960
  25. Yitzhak Oron, ed. (1960). Middle East Record Volume 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1962. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 27.6 Schenectady Gazette – May 1, 1961
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1963. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 The Milwaukee Journal – Apr 30, 1962
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 Daytona Beach Morning Journal – May 1, 1962
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 31.7 Meddlesome Medals?
  32. "Modibo Keita." Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed. 17 Vols. Gale Research, 1998.
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1963
  34. 34.0 34.1 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1964. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1965. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1964
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1966. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1967. p. 623. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. The Sumter Daily Item – Aug 14, 1965
  40. The Milwaukee Journal – Jun 10, 1974
  41. Lodi News-Sentinel – Jan 19, 1991
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 42.5 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1968. p. 622. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.4 43.5 The Miami News – May 1, 1967
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.5 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1969. p. 607. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  45. 45.0 45.1 Toledo Blade – Jun 17, 1970
  46. The Deseret News – Apr 14, 1971
  47. Shukri, Sabin M. (1984). The International Who's Who of the Arab World (2nd ed.). London: International Who's Who of the Arab World. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-9506122-1-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.4 48.5 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1972. p. 618. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  49. Toledo Blade – Jan 23, 1980
  50. The Palm Beach Post – Jan 19, 1987
  51. Lewiston Evening Journal – Mar 16, 1977
  52. Ian Sansom (11 December 2010). "Great Dynasties: The Ransome-Kutis". The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  53. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). Pdf.
  54. 54.0 54.1 54.2 54.3 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1973. p. 634. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 The Milwaukee Journal – May 1, 1973
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1975. p. 653. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  57. 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.4 57.5 57.6 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1977. p. 633. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 58.3 58.4 58.5 58.6 Lakeland Ledger – May 2, 1977
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1979. p. 573. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 60.3 60.4 60.5 The Spokesman-Review – May 1, 1979
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.3 61.4 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1980. p. 577. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 62.4 Toledo Blade – Apr 30, 1980
  63. The Evening Independent, October 27, 1981
  64. Star-News – Nov 14, 1980
  65. 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1983. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 Reading Eagle – May 4, 1983
  67. 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.3 67.4 67.5 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1985. p. 571. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  68. 68.0 68.1 68.2 68.3 68.4 68.5 El Tiempo – May 1, 1985
  69. 69.0 69.1 69.2 69.3 69.4 69.5 LENIN PEACE PRIZE AWARDED TO INDIRA GANDHI
  70. 70.0 70.1 70.2 70.3 70.4 Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1987. p. 599. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  71. Herald-Journal – Jan 15, 1988
  72. The Telegraph – Sep 9, 1987
  73. Daily Times, January 30th 2008
  74. The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya. 1991. vol. 1, p. 759. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  75. MANDELA FINALLY PICKS UP PRIZE

External links