State College, Pennsylvania
Borough of State College
Home Rule Municipality
The Corner of College Avenue and Allen Street in downtown State College, taken from the gates of Campus.
|Nickname(s): Happy Valley, Lion Country|
|Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.|
|Incorporated||August 29, 1896|
|• Mayor||Elizabeth Goreham|
| • Borough
Home Rule Municipality
|4.5 sq mi (11.8 km2)|
|Elevation||1,154 ft (352 m)|
| • Borough
Home Rule Municipality
|• Estimate (2013)||41,757|
|• Density||9,259/sq mi (3,574/km2)|
|• Urban||87,454 (US: 335th)|
|• Metro||MSA:158,742 (US: 257th)
CSA: 236,577 (US: 124th)
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Zip||16801, 16803, 16804, 16805|
|School district||State College Area School District|
|Website||Borough of State College|
State College is a home rule municipality in Centre County in the state of Pennsylvania. It is currently the largest designated borough in Pennsylvania. It is the principal borough of the six municipalities comprising the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest settlement in Centre County and one of the principal cities of the greater State College-DuBois, PA Combined Statistical Area with a combined population of 236,577 as of the 2010 U.S. census. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034, with approximately 105,000 living in the borough plus the surrounding townships often referred to locally as the "Centre Region." Many of these Centre Region communities also carry a "State College, PA" address although are not specifically part of the borough of State College.
State College is a college town, dominated economically and demographically by the presence of the University Park campus of the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State). Though "Happy Valley" is another often-used term to refer to the State College area, the term also includes the borough and the townships of College, Harris, Patton, and Ferguson.
In 2010, State College was ranked as the third-safest metropolitan area in the United States by the CQ Press. In 2013, it was ranked third best college town in the United States by the American Institute for Economic Research.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Culture
- 5 Notable people
- 6 Media
- 7 Government and politics
- 8 Education
- 9 Area hospitals
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
State College evolved from a village to a town in order to serve the needs of the Pennsylvania State College, founded as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania in 1855. State College was incorporated as a borough on August 29, 1896, and has grown with the college, which was renamed The Pennsylvania State University in 1953.
In 1973 State College adopted a home rule charter which took effect in 1976; since that time, it has not been governed by the state's Borough Code, although it retains "Borough of State College" as its official name.
The university has a post office address of University Park, Pennsylvania. When Penn State changed its name from College to University in 1953, its president, Milton S. Eisenhower, sought to persuade the town to change its name as well. A referendum failed to yield a majority for any of the choices for a new name, and so the town remains State College. After this, Penn State requested a new name for its on-campus post office in the HUB–Robeson Center from the U.S. Post Office Department. The post office, which has since moved across an alley to the McAllister Building, is the official home of ZIP code 16802 (University Park).
State College is situated at an elevation of approximately 1,200 feet (370 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), all of it land. It is surrounded by large tracts of farmland, and an expanse of mountains and forests.
State College has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa). Temperatures average 27.2 °F (−2.7 °C) in January and 72.1 °F (22.3 °C) in July. Annual precipitation averages 39.8 inches (101 cm), with 45.9 inches (117 cm) of annual snowfall on average. With a period of record dating back to 1893, the lowest temperature recorded was −20 °F (−29 °C) on February 10, 1899 and the highest was 102 °F (39 °C) on July 17, 1988 and July 9, 1936.
According to the 2010 census, there are 42,034 people, 12,610 households, and 3,069 families residing in the borough. The population density was 9,258.6 people per square mile (3,574.3/km²). There were 13,007 housing units at an average density of 2,865.0 per square mile (1,106.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 83.2% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 9.8% Asian, 1.0% Other, and 2.0% from two or more races. 3.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. 22,681 or 54.0% of borough residents are males and 19,353 or 46.0% are females.
Of the 12,610 households, 9.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 18.2% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 75.6% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.71.
The age distribution of the borough, overwhelmingly influenced by its student population, was 5.1% under the age of 18, 70.6% from 18 to 24, 13.1% from 25 to 44, 6.5% from 45 to 64, and 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years.
The median income for a household in the borough was $23,513, and the median income for a family was $58,953. The per capita income for the borough was $13,336. 46.9% of the population and 9.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.6% of those under the age of 18 and 2.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. However, traditional measures of income and poverty can be very misleading when applied to a community like State College which is dominated by students.
State College is most known for Penn State Nittany Lions football which draws almost 100,000 fans to Beaver Stadium on home games. The borough itself is home to the State College Spikes, a minor league baseball team. The team is part of the New York - Penn League and has played in Medlar Field at Lubrano Park, also home to Penn State baseball, since 2006.
|Sport||League||Club||Founded||Venue||League championships||Championship years|
|Baseball||NYPL||State College Spikes||2006||Medlar Field at Lubrano Park||0||N/A|
|Basketball||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions Men's Basketball||1897||Bryce Jordan Center||0||N/A|
|Basketball||NCAA||Penn State Lady Lion's Women's Basketball||1965||Bryce Jordan Center||0||N/A|
|Football||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions football||1887||Beaver Stadium||2||1982, 1986|
|Ice Hockey||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions men's ice hockey||1939||Pegula Ice Arena||0||N/A|
|Ice Hockey||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions women's ice hockey||1996||Pegula Ice Arena||0||N/A|
|Soccer||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions men's soccer||1911||Jeffrey Field||0||N/A|
|Volleyball||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions men's volleyball||1976||Rec Hall||2||1994, 2008|
|Volleyball||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions women's volleyball||1976||Rec Hall||7||1999, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2014|
|Wrestling||NCAA||Penn State Nittany Lions Wrestling||1909||Rec Hall||6||1921, 1953, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014|
The Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts, usually referred to as "Arts Fest", is held downtown every July. The five-day festival features artists from around the country and draws more than 125,000 visitors. Streets are closed off and lined with booths where people can buy paintings, pottery, jewelry, and other hand-made goods. There are also numerous musical performances and plays to take in, and food vendors selling everything from funnel cakes to Indian cuisine.
The Penn State IFC/Panhellenic Dance Marathon, commonly referred to as THON, is a 46-hour Dance Marathon that takes place every February on the University Park campus with the purpose of raising money for the Four Diamonds Foundation. A number of events throughout the year pave the way to February's THON weekend.
Blue-White Football Weekend occurs in April and includes a carnival, fireworks, food vendors, the student entertainment stage, live music, a parade, and more. On game day, an autograph session with the football student-athletes is held in Beaver Stadium, prior to kickoff of the Blue-White football intrasquad scrimmage game.
The following individuals were born and/or raised in State College:
The following were/are residents of State College:
State College's daily newspaper is the Centre Daily Times (part of the McClatchy Company chain). Alternative newspapers include the Centre County Gazette and State College City Guide. Newspapers of Pennsylvania State University's main campus include The Forum and the student-run Daily Collegian.
Numerous magazines are also published in State College including Town & Gown, State College Magazine, Good Life in Happy Valley, Blue White Illustrated, Pennsylvania Business Central, and Voices of Central Pennsylvania.
State College is part of the Johnstown/Altoona/State College television market, which is ranked #102 in the nation. Television stations broadcasting out of State College include WPSU (PBS) and WHVL (MyNetworkTV) as well as C-NET, Centre County's Government and Education Access Television Network, which broadcasts on two channels: CGTV (Government Access TV) and CETV (Educational Access TV). Johnstown-based WJAC-TV (NBC) and Altoona-based WTAJ-TV (CBS) also maintain satellite studios and offices here.
Government and politics
At the county level, Centre County, Pennsylvania's county seat is in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania. There are three county-level district courts within State College, with the others being Philipsburg, Bellefonte, and Centre Hall.
The current county-level districts are divided as follows, all of which are common pleas courts. The jurisdictions include civil claims and summary offenses. Higher level courts are located in neighboring Bellefonte.
- District 49-1-01, District Judge Carmine W. Prestia, serving State College, elected in 2007 for a 4-year term 
- District 49-3-05, District Judge Steven F. Lachman, serving State College
- District 49-2-01, District Judge Leslie A. Dutchcot, serving College, Ferguson, Halfmoon, and Patton Townships, elected in 2007 for 4-year term
- Mayor: Elizabeth A. Goreham
- President of Council: James L. Rosenberger
- Council Members:
- Thomas E. Daubert,
- Catherine G. Dauler,
- Sarah Klinetob,
- Theresa D. Lafer,
- Peter Morris, and
- Evan Myers.
- Centre Learning Community Charter School
- Nittany Valley Charter School
- Wonderland Charter School
- Young Scholars of Central Pennsylvania Charter School
- Our Lady of Victory Catholic School
- Park Forest Montessori School
- State College Friends School
Higher and post-secondary education
- Penn State University is located partially in the borough of State College.
- South Hills School of Business & Technology
State College is served by the following libraries:
- Centre County Library & Historical Museum
- American Philatelic Research Library
- Centre County Library Bookmobile
- Centre Hall Area Branch Library
- Holt Memorial Library (Philipsburg)
- Pennsylvania State University Libraries
- Pattee and Paterno Libraries (main library)
- Hammond Library (engineering)
- Pollock Library (study library)
- Davey Library (physical and mathematical sciences)
- Deike Library (earth and mineral sciences)
- Stuckeman Library (architecture and landscape architecture)
- Schlow Centre Region Library
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "State College: Mayor's Welcome".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- CQ Press City Crime Rankings 2010-2011
- AIER Names 75 Best College Towns and Cities for 2012-2013
- Pennsylvania Code Title 314, Sec. 41.1-101 et seq.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Service, US Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Weather. "Normal Snowfall in Central PA". www.weather.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts
- "Fighting Pediatric Cancer". Penn State Hershey. Retrieved 3 August 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Penn State Blue-White Game Weekend 2013". LazerPro Digital Media Group. Retrieved 3 August 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Pennsylvania Newspapers". NewsLink. Retrieved March 20, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Town & Gown Magazine Town & Gown Magazine
- State College Magazine, Pennsylvania. State College Magazine (2011-03-01). Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- Good Life in Happy Valley | Centre Daily Times – State College, PA | Penn State, Nittany Lions, weather, news, jobs, homes, apartments, real estate. CentreDaily.com (2009-06-19). Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- Voices of Central Pennsylvania
- Centre County Government: District Judges. Co.centre.pa.us. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- de beste bron van informatie over districtcourt49101[dead link]. districtcourt49101.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- District Court 49-3-05 – Centre County – Examination Report – 11/13/07. (PDF) . Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- Centre Region Council of Governments
- Centre County Election Results and Borough of State College Government – Council Members. Retrieved on 2013-02-05.
- State College Area School District. Scasd.org. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- Grace Prep High School : An Innovative, Award-winning School of Academic Excellence. Graceprep.com (2010-05-26). Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- Nittany Christian School. Nittanychristian.com (2006-10-02). Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- State College Friends School. State College Friends School. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
- Libraries. Statecollege.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for State College.|
- Borough of State College Government website
- StateCollege.com State College's news and information website
- Centre Daily Times
- Central Pennsylvania Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Chamber of Business & Industry of Centre County
- Downtown State College Improvement District
- Map 536 *Augmented by Wood, C. R. (1980), Summary groundwater resources of Centre County, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 4th ser., Water Resource Report 48, 60 p.