Surendranagar district

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Surendranagar district
Jhalawad, Kanp
district
Surendranagar district is located in Gujarat
Surendranagar district
Surendranagar district
Location in Gujarat, India
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Country  India
State Gujarat
Area
 • Total 10,489 km2 (4,050 sq mi)
Elevation 547 m (1,795 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,755,873
 • Density 144.45/km2 (374.1/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 363031
Telephone code 02752
Vehicle registration GJ-13
Largest city Surendranagar
Sex ratio 0.924 /
Literacy 61.61%

Surendranagar is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. It has a population of approximately 1.7 million people. Surendranagar is also known as Jhalawad, as many principalities of Surendranagar district were ruled by Jhala Rajputs. Surendranagar city (incorporating Wadhwan City) has a total of 400,000 inhabitants, and is known as the city of Hi-Tech Bungalows. It was also known as "Camp".

Gate at Zinzuwada, Gujarat, India

Geography

The district occupies an area of 10,489 square kilometres (4,050 sq mi). As of 2001, it has a population of 1,515,148, out of which 26 percent live in cities.[1][2]

Other cities in the district include Dhrangadhra, Halvad, Wadhwancity, Limbdi, Chuda, Lakhtar, Katosan Raj, Muli, Sayla, Raj Sitapur, Thangadh, and Tarnetar .

Economy

In the past, Surendranagar was used by colonialists as a hill station, as it has a dry environment that was beneficial for some physical as well as mental ailments.[by whom?] Surendranagar's dry air is still believed to be the best place in Gujarat to cure tuberculosis patients.[citation needed]

Surendranagar has the second highest rate of development in the state of Gujarat, and is considered to be a strongest candidate for status of Municipal Corporation.[citation needed] It also has the second highest number of educational institutes per capita.[citation needed] MMany newspapers are published from Surendranagar in Gujarat.

Businesses

Many small and medium enterprises and industries are present, including confectionery, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, engineering plastics, and salt production. Wadhwan City is a major trade and processing centre for agricultural products, cotton, salt, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and plastics, textile bearings, ceramics, and sanitary ware.

Natural resources

Nearly 25 percent of India's salt supply comes from mining in the Surendranagar area.[citation needed] There are miles of Agar (Salt pans), especially in the Kharaghoda area.[citation needed] High quality salt is produced in Zinzuwada, a desert area.

Textiles

Surendranagar is a hub of cotton and ginning activities in India, with a large number of ginning and pressing units. It is one of the largest producers of quality Shankar cotton in world. The Surendranagar Cotton Oil and Oilseeds Association Ltd,( Government of India recognised) is a world famous futures trading exchange for cotton. It was established in 1964 and is the first Cotton Future Trading Exchange in India.[citation needed]

Surendranagar City is also home to a big textile and clothing market, specialising in saris. Large clothing showrooms are located in the city on Jawahar Road and Vithal Press Road.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Surendranagar district has a population of 1,755,873,[3] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[4] or the US state of Nebraska.[5] This gives it a ranking of 274th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 167 inhabitants per square kilometre (430/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 15.89%.[3] Surendranagar has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 73.19%.[3]

The majority of the population are Jains. Main Jain Temple, which is in the heart of the city, of Sri Vasupujyaswami Bhahvan is more than 100 years old. Other residents include Brahmins, Kshatriya, Patels, as well as significant numbers of Bharvad and Rabari and Kansara .

Culture

Raj-Rajeshwari Temple, on National Highway Number 8 near Limbdi, is a large area of residences, hospitals, and schools. The temple features an exhibition of yoga performed by Rishiji. This temple has temples to three major gods—Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh—inside. It is the only such temple in Gujarat. The temple is noted for its architecture.

The famous kund known as "Gangavo" is located in Dedadara village. It was developed in the 11th century.

There are many cultural institutions

  • Shabdalok sahitya vartul (founder: Dr.Nagjibhai Desai)
  • Nanalal sahitya sabha (Ramesh Acharya)
  • Kalamandir Group (founder: Atulkumar Vyas)
  • Club of Desert lions

Legends

Myth of Bhogaavo

According to legend, during the siege of Junagadh, Siddhraj Jaisingh fell in love with the queen of Ra'Khenger, Ranakdevi. He attacked Junagadh and killed Ra'Khengar to claim the fort and the queen, but she refused and fled. She escaped from the city towards the river Bhogaavo. After a long chase, she gave up and in true kshtriya fashion, she sacrificed her life by forming sati on the banks of Bhogaavo River, near the city of Wadhwan, instead of becoming the queen of Junagadh, but before she died she cursed that the river would not flow beyond that spot. There is a temple in honour of Ranakdevi on the banks of the river.

Personalities

  • Jhaverchand Meghani (1896–1947) Poet, litterateur, social reformer and freedom fighter. Born in Chotila."Jhaverchand Meghani – Life Part-1 : 1896–1922". Nanak Meghani. Retrieved 20 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sukhlal Sanghvi (1880–1978) Jain scholar and philosopher. Born in Limbdi.Mohan Lal (2006). Encyclopaedia of Indian literature, Volume 5. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-1221-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> p. 4215
  • Gujarati comedian Shahabuddin Rathod than and Jagdish Trivedi hails from this district.
  • Novel writer Shree Umashankar Joshi (village: Gujaravadi) was from this district. (this needs correction)
  • Noted Hindi Film Writer Vipul K Rawal was born in Surendranagar and is the great grandson of the last Diwan of Wadhwan State.[citation needed] One of the most prominent writers of Gujarat Mr.Bakul Dave also belongs to this city. He has obtained many prizes for his literary work.
  • Novelist, Film/T.V.Serial Screenplay & Drama Writer Mr. Atulkumar Vyaas was boarn in Lakhtar a town of Surendranagar district, his hometown is Dhrangdhra (Surendranagar), he wrote more than 15 Novels, 4-story books, 4-poem collections, 9 Gujarati pop albums Mr. Vyas won DHUMKETU award for his story book : BANDH PAPAN MA PALASH (2010) (information correct as of 14 Sep 2012)
  • Mr. Girish Bhatt, Ramesh Acharya, Pankaj Trivedi, Talakshi Parmar are most of famous writers of Surendranagar * famous novelist writer Mr.Sumant Rawal is now shiffted in Surendranagar from Junagadh (Saurastra)
  • Dr. Nagjibhai Desai, Dr. Motibhai Patel, Vinodiniben
Shah, late. C.S. Mehta and Dhimant Bhai Shah, (Motabhai) many other peoples had developed the field of education and social services.
  • Sanjay Gadhvi, film director
  • Shri Naushad Solanki, a young Dalit Leader born in Dhrangadhra of Surendranagar District associated with many organisations locally and internationally. Mainly Member in National Ground Water Advisory Council – Ministry of Water Resource, Member of DRUCC – Rajkot Dicision, Spokesperson of Surendranagar District Congress Committee, Member of Vigilance and Monitoring Committee of DRDA, President of Buddha's Light International Association – Saurashtra Central Gujarat Chapter, President of Surendranagar Table Tennis Association and many more organisations. He has also participated in UN Conference at Brazil.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Basic Data Sheet: District Surendranagar (08), Gujarat (24)" (PDF). Census of India. 2001.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Census GIS India". Retrieved 29 August 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est. line feed character in |quote= at position 12 (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nebraska 1,826,341 line feed character in |quote= at position 9 (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links