Sushil Koirala

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Sushil Koirala
Sushil Koirala.jpg
37th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
11 February 2014 – 12 October 2015
President Ram Baran Yadav
Preceded by Khil Raj Regmi
Succeeded by Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
President of the Nepali Congress
Assumed office
22 September 2010
Preceded by Girija Prasad Koirala
Personal details
Born (1939-08-12) 12 August 1939 (age 79)
Biratnagar, Nepal
Political party Nepali Congress
Religion Hinduism

Sushil Koirala (Nepali:सुशील कोइराला) (born 12 August 1939) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from February 11, 2014 to October 10, 2015. He has been the President of the Nepali Congress party since 2010.

Koirala was elected as Prime Minister of Nepal by the parliament on 10 February 2014.[1][2] Koirala joined the Nepali Congress in 1952 and served in various capacities prior to becoming its president in 2010.[3]

Personal life

Sushil Koirala was born to Bodh Prasad Koirala and Kuminidi Koirala on 12 August 1939 in Banaras, India (Former British Raj, India).[3] Koirala is unmarried and known to live a simple life.[4] A member of the politically prominent Koirala family, he is the cousin of former prime ministers Matrika Prasad Koirala, Girija Prasad Koirala and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala. He has three sisters: Dyuthi Devi Sharma (married to Ranga Nath Sharma, a member of the Prachanda Gorkha Party, the first political party of Nepal[5]), Abha Devi Sharma, and Sashi Sharma. He has five brothers: Pramod Kumar Koirala, Binod Koirala, Arun Koirala (NC District President Banke), Ashok Koirala (MP-NC and formal NC District President Morang) and Bijay Koirala.

Sushil Koirala was diagnosed with lung cancer in July 2014.[6]

Political career

Koirala entered politics in 1954 inspired by the social-democratic ideals of the Nepali Congress. He was in political exile in India for 16 years following the royal takeover of 1960. Koirala also spent three years in Indian prisons for his involvement in a plane hijacking in 1973.[7] While in exile, Koirala was the editor of Tarun, the official party publication. He has been a member of the Central Working Committee of the party since 1979 and was appointed General Secretary of the party in 1996 and Vice President in 1998.[3]

In 2001, he lost the contest for the Nepali Congress Parliamentary Party leader to Sher Bahadur Deuba. Koirala was appointed acting President of the party in 2008 by President Girija Prasad Koirala. On September 22, 2010, the 12th general convention of the Nepali Congress elected him as party President.

The Nepali Congress emerged as the largest party in the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections under Koirala's leadership. He was elected leader of the Nepali Congress Parliamentary party securing 105 out of 194 votes against former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's 89 votes and on 10 February 2014 he was nominated as Prime Minister.[8][9][10] During his prime ministership in June 2015, a historic agreement among four major political parties was made which paved the way for new constitution drafting process in the country.

Electoral history

He was elected to the Pratinidhi Sabha from the Banke-2 constituency in 1991 and 1999 on a Nepali Congress ticket.[11]

1991 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Banke-2[3]

Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala - Elected

1994 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Banke-2[12]

Party Candidate Votes Status
RPP Shanti Shamsher Rana 15,711 Elected
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 10,222 -

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Banke-2[12]

Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 15,256 Elected
CPN (M.L) Rijwan Ahammad Sah 6,185

2008 Constituent Assembly Election Banke-3[13]

Koirala lost in the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections from Banke-3 coming in third behind the candidates of the Madeshi People's Rights Forum and the CPN (Maoist)[14]

Party Candidate Votes Status
M.P.R.F - Nepal Sarbadev Prasad Ojha 14,900 Elected
UCPN (Maoists) Parma Nanda Kurmi 6970
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 5969

2013 Constituent Assembly Elections

Koirala contested the 2013 constituent assembly elections from Banke-3 and Chitwan-4, winning both races.[15] Koirala later relinquished the Chitwan-4 seat and represents Banke-3 in the 2nd Constituent Assembly.[16]


Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 10,753 Elected
R.P.P Dhawal Shumsher Rana 8,809
UCPN (Maoists) Damodar Acharya 6,135
TMLP Pashupati Dayal Mishra 4,016
CPN (UML) Bijaya Dhital 2,497
M.P.R.F - Nepal Kailash Kumar Mishra 1,047
Others 4,525
Total 37,782


Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 20,760 Elected
UCPN (Maoists) Chitra Bahadur Shrestha 10,739
CPN (UML) Dil Kumari Rawal Thapa 10,067
Independent Bikash Koirala 1,083
Others 2,511
Total 45,160


  1. "Sushil Koirala elected PM".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Koirala elected new PM".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Sushil Koirala, Personal Resume
  4. "Sushil shifts to GPK's apartment". Kantipur News. Retrieved 27 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. World Who's Who, Europa Publishing, 2014.
  6. "Koirala was diagnosed with lung cancer".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Nepal's next PM Sushil Koirala was once an Indian Prisoner". IANS. Retrieved 11 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Koirala elected as NC PP leader". My Republica. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Koirala secured a total of 105 votes out of 194 while his rival senior leader Sher Bahadur Deuba got 89 votes."
  9. "'Govt under Sushil Koirala undisputed in NC'". The Himalayan Times. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Nepali Congress (NC) Spokesperson Dilendra Badu has claimed that his party President Sushil Koirala will head helm of the to-be-formed new consensus government."
  10. Ghimire, Binod (3 January 2014). "For PMship, Koirala to be PP leader first". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 7 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"The Nepali Congress seems to have found an amicable solution to the longstanding issue of the party’s prime ministerial candidate with leaders preparing to elect President Sushil Koirala as the parliamentary party (PP) leader."
  11. Election Commission of Nepal
  12. 12.0 12.1 Election Commission of Nepal, Previous Election Top Two Candidates
  13. Election Commission of Nepal, District Wise Top 3 Candidates
  14. Constituent Assembly Election 2064
  15. Election Commission of Nepal, CA Elections 2070 Results. Retrieved November 27, 2013
  16. "Top leaders give up seats from Chitwan, Kailali, Kathmandu". eKantipur. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Political offices
Preceded by
Khil Raj Regmi
Prime Minister of Nepal
Succeeded by
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli