Sverdrup Islands

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Sverdrup Islands
Wfm sverdrup islands.jpg
NASA Landsat photo of the Sverdrup Islands
From left to right: Ellef Ringnes, Amund Ringnes, and Axel Heiberg islands.
Geography
Location Arctic Ocean
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Archipelago Queen Elizabeth Islands
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Major islands Axel Heiberg, Ellef Ringnes, Amund Ringnes
Area 66,000 km2 (25,000 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,210 m (7,250 ft)
Highest point Outlook Peak
Country
Territory  Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk
Demographics
Population 8 to 12 summer population
Density 0.000015 /km2 (3.9E-5 /sq mi)

The Sverdrup Islands is an archipelago of the northern Queen Elizabeth Islands, in Nunavut, Canada. The islands are situated in the Arctic Ocean, west of Ellesmere Island at around 82° north and 95° west.

History

The islands are named after Norwegian explorer Otto Sverdrup, who explored and mapped them from 1898 to 1902 with the vessel Fram, although some were previously inhabited by Inuit people. Sverdrup claimed the islands for Norway, but the Norwegian government showed no interest in pursuing the claim until 1928. At that point, the Norwegian government raised the claim, primarily to use the islands as bargaining chips in negotiations with the United Kingdom over the status of the other arctic islands Jan Mayen and Bouvet Island. On 11 November 1930, Norway recognized Canadian sovereignty over the Sverdrup Islands.[1] On 19 November 1930, the UK recognized Norwegian sovereignty over Jan Mayen.[2]

Geography

The main islands of the group are Axel Heiberg Island, Ellef Ringnes Island, Amund Ringnes Island, Cornwall Island, Graham Island, Meighen Island, King Christian Island, Stor Island, and the archipelago also includes a number of smaller islands in the surrounding waters. The only habitated place was Isachsen, a formerly manned defense station, 1948 through 1978, on Ellef Ringnes Island and McGill Arctic Research Station on Axel Heiberg Island (a research station occupied on in the summetimes).

Main Islands

Island Peak Height
m
Area
km²
Area
Rank
Canada
Rank
World
Axel Heiberg Outlook Peak 2,211 43,178 16,671 32
Ellef Ringnes ... 260 11,295 4,361 69
Amund Ringnes ... 265 5,255 2,039 111
Meighen ... 300 955 369 337
King Christian King Christian Mountain 165 645 249 420
Stor ... 500 313 121 ...
all Sverdrup Islands Outlook Peak 2,211 66,000 25,000 -

See also

External links

References

  1. Berton, Pierre. The Arctic Grail: The Quest for the North West Passage and the North Pole. Toronto: Random House of Canada Ltd., 1988, p. 629.
  2. "Norsk polarhelt ville bli hemmelig agent" from aftenposten.no, 19 April 2007, in Norwegian

Template:Former possessions of Norway

ca:Illes Sverdrup

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