Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest
|Member station||Sveriges Television (SVT)|
|National selection events|
|Appearances||55 (54 finals)|
|Best result||1st: 1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012, 2015|
|Worst result||Last: 1963, 1977
Nul points: 1963
|SVT Official Homepage|
|Sweden's page at Eurovision.tv|
Sweden has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 55 times since making its debut in 1958, missing only three contests since then (1964, 1970 and 1976). Since 1959, the Swedish entry has been chosen through an annual televised competition, known since 1967 as Melodifestivalen. Sweden has a total of six victories in the contest, right behind Ireland who have seven wins. Sweden is also the contest's most successful country of the 21st century, with two wins from eight top five results. In total, Sweden has achieved 22 top five results in the contest.
Sweden's first entrant in the contest was Alice Babs in 1958, who was placed fourth. This remained the country's best result until 1966, when Lill Lindfors and Svante Thuresson were second. Sweden's first Eurovision victory was in 1974 with the song "Waterloo", performed by ABBA. Thanks to their victory in Brighton, ABBA went on to gain worldwide success and become one of the best-selling pop groups of all time. In the 1980s, Sweden achieved three successive top three results. After Carola finished third in 1983, the Herreys gave Sweden its second victory in 1984 with "Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley". Kikki Danielsson then finished third in 1985. Carola returned to the contest in 1991, to give the Swedes their third win with "Fångad av en stormvind", defeating France in a tie-break. Charlotte Nilsson gave the country a second win of the decade in 1999, with "Take Me to Your Heaven". The 1990s also saw two third-place results, for Jan Johansen in 1995 and One More Time in 1996. In the 2000s, the best Swedish result was fifth place, which they achieved four times, with Friends in 2001, Fame in 2003, Lena Philipsson in 2004 and Carola, who in 2006, became the only Swedish performer to achieve three top five results.
In 2010, Anna Bergendahl became the first Swedish entrant to fail to make it to the final, finishing 11th in the semifinal, only five points from qualifying (in 2008, Charlotte Perrelli finished 12th in the semifinal but qualified through the back-up jury selection). Since then, the country has been very successful, finishing in the top three in four of the last five contests. Eric Saade finished third in 2011 with "Popular". Loreen then gave Sweden its fifth victory in 2012, with the song "Euphoria". This victory made Sweden one of only two countries, along with the United Kingdom, to have Eurovision victories in four different decades. In 2014, Sanna Nielsen finished third with "Undo". In 2015, Sweden won for the sixth time with Måns Zelmerlöw's "Heroes". Sweden is the only country to have twice scored over 300 points. Also, Sweden has won a semifinal three times (2011, 2012 and 2015); more than any other country.
Sweden has hosted the Eurovision Song Contest five times and is the only country to have hosted the event in five different decades, three times in Stockholm (1975, 2000, and 2016), twice in Malmö (1992 and 2013) and once in Gothenburg (1985).
Melodifestivalen is an annual music competition organised by Swedish public broadcasters Sveriges Television (SVT) and Sveriges Radio (SR). It has chosen the country's representative for the Eurovision Song Contest since 1959. It is Sweden's most popular television shows, and it has been estimated that more than 4 million Swedes watch the show annually.
Almost every Swedish entry for Eurovision has been selected through Melodifestivalen. Only one entry, Sweden's first entry in 1958, was not selected through Melodifestivalen, having been selected internally by the Swedish broadcaster at the time, Swedish Radio Service.
No restriction on the nationality of the songwriter exists in the Eurovision Song contest, which has resulted in countries being represented by songwriters who are not nationals of that country. In recent years Swedish songwriters have been involved in the writing entirely or partly of entries from several countries - for instance, in the 2010 the songs from Denmark, Georgia, Norway, Ireland and Azerbaijan were written entirely or partly by Swedes; in the 2011 the songs from Russia and Azerbaijan; in the 2012 the songs from Italy, United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, Greece, Cyprus, Norway, Azerbaijan and Spain; and in the 2013 the songs from Georgia, Finland, Norway, Russia, Netherlands and Azerbaijan, ; in the 2014 the songs from Azerbaijan, Ireland, Russia, United Kingdom and Ukraine; in the 2015 the songs from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Macedonia, Netherlands, Spain and Russia.
- Table key
- a. ^ In 2008, Sweden qualified through the back-up jury selection.
- b. If a country had won the previous year, they did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. In addition from 2004-2007, the top ten countries who were not members of the big four did not have to compete in the semi-finals the following year. If, for example, Germany and France placed inside the top ten, the countries who placed 11th and 12th were advanced to the following year's grand final along with the rest of the top ten countries.
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
In 2005 to celebrate 50 years of the Eurovision Song Contest, Denmark hosted a special one-off contest on behalf of the EBU to find Europe's favourite Eurovision song of the first 50 years. Tipped as the favourite from the start, ABBA won the contest by a landslide with "Waterloo" coming first in the semi-final with a record 331 points and then going on to win the contest with 329 points in the final. Alongside other Eurovision stars, Carola Häggkvist and Elisabeth Andreassen helped introduce and present small parts of the show.
- Table key
|Year||Artist||Language||Title||Final||Points||Semi||Points||Final (1974)||Points (1974)|
As of 2015, Sweden's voting history is as follows:
|1975||Stockholm||Stockholm International Fairs||Karin Falck|
|1992||Malmö||Malmö Isstadion||Lydia Cappolicchio and Harald Treutiger|
|2000||Stockholm||Ericsson Globe||Kattis Ahlström and Anders Lundin|
|2013||Malmö||Malmö Arena||Petra Mede|
|2016||Stockholm||Ericsson Globe||Petra Mede and Måns Zelmerlöw|
Marcel Bezençon Awards
Voted by previous winners
|Year||Performer||Song||Final Result||Points||Host city|
|2002||Afro-dite||"Never Let It Go"||8th||72||Tallinn|
Voted by commentators
|Year||Performer||Song||Final Result||Points||Host city|
Lyrics (l) / Music (m)
|2012||"Euphoria"||Thomas G:son (m & l) and Peter Boström (m & l)||Loreen||1st||372||Baku|
|2013||"You"||Robin Stjernberg, Linnea Deb, Joy Deb and
Joakim Harestad Haukaas
Winners by OGAE members
|Year||Song||Performer||Final Result||Points||Host city|
Commentators and spokespersons
Over the years SVT commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Jacob Dahlin, Ulf Elfving, Harald Treutiger, Pekka Heino, Kristian Luuk and Fredrik Belfrage. However, since the 2009 Contest, Edward af Sillén has provided the SVT commentary alongside Shirley Clamp, Christine Meltzer Lind, Hélène Benno and Gina Dirawi.
|Year(s)||Television commentator||Dual television commentator||Radio commentator||Spokesperson|
|1957||Nils Linnman||No dual commentator||No radio broadcast||Sweden did not participate|
|1958||Jan Gabrielsson||Same as television broadcast||Roland Eiworth|
|1963||Jörgen Cederberg||Edvard Matz|
|1964||Sven Lindahl||Sweden did not participate|
|1965||Berndt Friberg||Edvard Matz|
|1970||No television broadcast||Sweden did not participate|
|1971||Åke Strömmer||Ursula Richter||No spokesperson|
|1972||Bo Billtén||Björn Bjelfvenstam|
|1973||Alicia Lundberg||Ursula Richter|
|1974||Johan Sandström||Sven Lindahl|
|1976||No television broadcast||Sweden did not participate|
|1977||Ulf Elfving||Åke Strömmer & Ursula Richter||Sven Lindahl|
|1981||No radio broadcast||Bengteric Nordell|
|1982||Kent Finell||Arne Weise|
|1984||Fredrik Belfrage||No radio broadcast|
|1985||Jan Ellerås & Rune Hallberg|
|1986||Ulf Elfving||Jacob Dahlin|
|1987||Fredrik Belfrage||Jan Ellerås|
|1988||Bengt Grafström||Kalle Oldby||Maud Uppling|
|1989||Jacob Dahlin||Kent Finell & Janeric Sundquist||Agneta Bolme-Börjefors|
|1990||Jan Jingryd||Kalle Oldby||Jan Ellerås|
|1991||Harald Treutiger||Bo Hagström|
|1992||Björn Kjellman||Jesper Aspegren||Jan Jingryd|
|1993||Jan Jingryd||Kåge Gimtell||Kalle Oldby & Hélène Benno||Gösta Hanson|
|1994||Pekka Heino||No dual commentator||Marianne Anderberg|
|1995||Pernilla Månsson||Kåge Gimtell||Björn Hedman|
|1996||Björn Kjellman||No dual commentator||Ulla Rundquist|
|1997||Jan Jingryd||Gösta Hanson|
|1998||Pernilla Månsson||Christer Björkman||Björn Hedman|
|1999||Pekka Heino||Anders Berglund||Carolina Norén||Pontus Gårdinger|
|2000||Pernilla Månsson||Christer Lundh||Carolina Norén & Björn Kjellman||Malin Ekander|
|2001||Henrik Olsson||No dual commentator||Josefine Sundström|
|2002||Claes Åkesson||Christer Björkman||Kristin Kaspersen|
|2003||Pekka Heino||No dual commentator||Kattis Ahlström|
|2007||Kristian Luuk||Josef Sterzenbach||André Pops|
|2009||Edward af Sillén||Shirley Clamp||Sarah Dawn Finer|
|2010||Christine Meltzer Lind||Eric Saade|
|2011||Hélène Benno||Danny Saucedo|
|2012||Gina Dirawi||Sarah Dawn Finer (as Lynda Woodruff)|
|2013||Josefine Sundström||No dual commentator||Yohio|
|2014||Edward af Sillén||Malin Olsson||Carolina Norén & Ronnie Ritterland||Alcazar|
|2015||Sanna Nielsen||Mariette Hansson|
- Sweden in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- Sweden in the Eurovision Dance Contest
- Mirja Bokholm (22 April 2013). "YOHIO presenterar de svenska rösterna i Eurovision Song Contest". SVT.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 22 April 2013. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Sanna Nielsen och Edward af Sillén kommenterar Eurovision Song Contest". Melodifestivalen. SVT. Retrieved 15 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>