Telecommunications in New Zealand
This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (March 2014)
Telecommunications in New Zealand are fairly typical for an industrialised country.
Fixed-line broadband and telephone services are largely provided through copper-based networks, although fibre-based services are increasingly common. Spark New Zealand, Vodafone New Zealand, 2degrees and the Callplus group provide most services.
Mobile telephone services are provided by Spark, Vodafone and 2degress, although a number of smaller mobile virtual network operators also exist.
- Country calling code: 64
- Mobile phone system:
- Number of mobile connections: 4.7 million (2010)
- Coverage available to approx 97% of the population.
- 2degrees (operating GSM, UMTS and LTE)
- Spark New Zealand (operating UMTS, HSDPA and LTE)
- Vodafone New Zealand (operating GSM, UMTS, HSDPA and LTE)
- Fixed-line telephone system:
- Number of fixed line connections: 1.92 million (2000)
- Individual lines available to 99% of residences.
- Chorus Limited
- A large numbers of ISPs (referred to as "retail service providers") retail Chorus' connections to personal and business customers. Chorus does not retail internet connections.
- Chorus Limited
- Cable and microwave links:
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 124, FM 290, shortwave 4 (1998), 4 on Freeview digital satellite.
- See also: List of radio stations in New Zealand
- Radios: 3.75 million (1997)
- Television broadcast stations: 41 (plus 52 medium-power repeaters and over 650 low-power repeaters) (1997)
- These transmit 4 nationwide free-to-air networks and a few regional or local single transmitter stations. Analogue to be phased out by end of 2013.
- Digital Satellite pay TV is also available and carries most terrestrial networks.
- Freeview digital free satellite with a dozen SD channels, with SD feeds of the terrestrial HD freeview channels.
- Freeview, free-to-air digital terrestrial HD and SD content.
- Cable TV is available in some urban areas with Vodafone's broadband services.
- See also: List of New Zealand television channels
- Televisions: 1.926 million (1997)
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 36 (2000)
- Internet users: 2.11 million (2002)
- Fixed internet connections: 1.24 million (2013)
- Country code (Top level domain): .nz
Telecommunications Development Levy
The government charges a $50 million Telecommunications Development Levy annually to fund improvements to communications infrastructure such as the Rural Broadband Initiative. It is payable by telecommunications firms with an operating revenue of over $10 million, in proportion to their qualified revenue.
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