This is a timeline of Irish history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Ireland. To read about the background to these events, see History of Ireland. See also the list of Lords and Kings of Ireland and Irish heads of state and the list of years in Ireland.
Mesolithic and neolithic periods
Bronze and Iron Ages
|c. 140 AD
||Ptolemy's Geographia provides the earliest known written reference to habitation in the Dublin area, referring to a settlement in the area as Eblana Civitas
|c. 300 AD
||Pollen data records from the late Iron Age indicate a resurgence in human activity after a relatively stagnant period
||Thomas FitzGerald, the 10th Earl of Kildare, publicly renounced his allegiance to Henry VIII of England.
||FitzGerald was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn.
||The Irish parliament passed the Crown of Ireland Act, which established a Kingdom of Ireland to be ruled by Henry VIII and his successors.
||Pope Pius V issued a papal bull, Regnans in Excelsis, declaring Elizabeth I of England a heretic and releasing her subjects from any allegiance to her.
||The Annals of the Four Masters record a drought, in which no rain fell "from Bealtaine to Lammas" (May 1 to August 1), which resulted in disease and plague.
||The Annals of the Four Masters record that the Great Comet of 1577 "was wondered at by all universally".
||Second Desmond Rebellion: James FitzMaurice FitzGerald, a cousin of the 15th Earl of Desmond, landed a small force of rebels at Dingle.
||The Nine Years' War commences in Ulster, as Hugh O'Neill and Red Hugh O'Donnell rebel against Elizabeth I's authority in Ulster.
||A Dublin businessman, William Martin Murphy, fired forty workers he suspected of belonging to the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union (ITGWU).
||Dublin Lockout: The ITGWU went on strike.
||Dublin Lockout: The Trades Union Congress (TUC) rejected a call by the ITGWU to go on strike in their support. The strikers quit the union and returned to work.
||Government of Ireland Act, offering Irish Home Rule, passed but application simultaneously postponed for the duration of World War I.
||Easter Rising: The Irish Republican Brotherhood led an action which seized key government buildings in Dublin, and issued the Proclamation of the Irish Republic.
||Easter Rising: The leader of the uprising ordered his followers to surrender.
||Acting on a resolution of Dublin Corporation, the Lord Mayor convenes a conference at the Mansion House to devise plans to resist conscription.
||A general election returns a majority for Sinn Féin.
||The First Dáil of the Irish Republic meets and issues a Declaration of Independence from the UK.
||Irish War of Independence: Volunteers of the Army of the Irish Republic kill two members of the Royal Irish Constabulary in what is considered to be the first act of the War of Independence.
||Northern Ireland is established.
||Irish War of Independence: The War of Independence ends when negotiations between the British government and representatives of the de facto Irish Republic conclude with the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the creation of the Irish Free State
||Irish Civil War: Bombardment by Michael Collins of Anti-Treaty forces occupying the Four Courts marks the start of the Irish Civil War
||Irish Civil War: IRA Chief of Staff Frank Aiken orders volunteers to dump arms - effectively ending the Civil War.
||The Constitution of Ireland comes into force replacing the Irish Free State with a new state called "'Éire', or, in the English language, 'Ireland'"
||The Republic of Ireland Act is signed by the President of Ireland abolishing the remaining roles of the British monarch in the government of the Irish state.
||Ireland joins the United Nations along with 16 other sovereign states.
||Troops are deployed on the streets of Northern Ireland, marking the start of the Troubles.
||The Parliament of Northern Ireland is prorogued (and abolished the following year).
||Ireland joins the European Community along with Britain and Denmark.
||The Northern Ireland Assembly is elected.
||A power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive takes office, but resigns in May as a result of the Ulster Workers' Council strike. The Assembly is suspended and later abolished.
||The governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom sign the Anglo-Irish Agreement.
||Mary Robinson becomes the first female President of Ireland.
||Ireland enters the Celtic Tiger period which marks great economic growth for Ireland - which continues until 2007.
||The Belfast Agreement is signed. As a result, the Northern Ireland Assembly is elected, to which powers are devolved in 1999 and a power-sharing Executive takes office.
||Ireland yields its official currency the Irish pound and adopts the Euro.
- ↑ Bradley, Richard (2007). The prehistory of Britain and Ireland. Cambridge University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-521-84811-3.
- ↑ O'Brian, William (2005). Ross Island: Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Oxbow books. ISBN 978-0-9535620-3-9.
- ↑ Johnston, Wesley; Abbot, Patrick. "Celtic Ireland in the Iron Age". History of Ireland. WesleyJohnston.com. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- ↑ Moody, T.W; Martin, F.X; Byrne, F.J, eds. (1982). A New History of Ireland VIII: A Chronology of Irish History to 1976 - A Companion to Irish History Part I. Oxford Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-821744-7.
- ↑ Geoffrey Keating, Foras Feasa ar Éirinn 1.42, 43, 44, 45, 46
- ↑ Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High Kings, Four Courts press, 2001, p. 65-69
- ↑ Wikisource - Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 12. Wikisource.
- ↑ Welch, Robert (2003). The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192800800.
- ↑ Charles-Edwards, Thomas M (2000). Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge University Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0521037167.
- ↑ Foster, RF (1989). The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- ↑ Annals. Annals of Ulster and Annals of the Four Masters.
Palladius, having been consecrated by Celestine, bishop of the city of Rome, is sent to Ireland [...] in the eighth year of Theodosius.
- ↑ Annals of Ulster - U432. Annals of Ulster. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
Year U432: Patrick arrived in Ireland in the ninth year of the reign of Theodosius the Less and in the first year of the episcopate of Xistus, 42nd bishop of the Roman Church. So Bede, Maxcellinus and Isidore compute in their chronicles.
- ↑ R. B. Stothers (26 January 1984). "Mystery cloud of AD 536". Nature magazine. pp. 307, 344–345. doi:10.1038/307344a0. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- ↑ Annals of Ulster - Part 105. Annals of Ulster. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
U536.3 Failure of bread
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Duffy, S (2005). The Concise History of Ireland. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 9780717138104.
- ↑ Annals of the Four Masters - Part 49. Annals of the Four Masters. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- ↑ Weston Joyce, Patrick (1903). Medicine and Medical Doctors. Longmans.
- ↑ Ó Corráin, Donnchadh. "Vikings & Ireland" (PDF). Cork, Ireland: University College Cork. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- ↑ Ó Corráin, Donnchadh (1972). Ireland Before the Normans. The Gill history of Ireland. Gill and MacMillan.
- ↑ Wikisource - Treaty of Windsor. Wikisource. "Text reads: This is the agreement which was made at Windsor in the octaves of Michaelmas [October 6] in the year of Our Lord 1175"
- ↑ Annals of the Four Masters - Part 9. Annals of the Four Masters. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
Great heat and drought prevailed in this Summer, so that people crossed the beds of the principal rivers of Ireland with dry feet. The reaping of the corn crops of Ireland was going on twenty days before Lammas 1 August, and the trees were scorched by the heat of the sun.
- ↑ Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 370.
- ↑ Annals of the Four Masters - Part 10. Annals of the Four Masters. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
A wonderful animal was sent to Ireland by the King of England. She resembled a mare, and was of a yellow colour, with the hoofs, of a cow, a long neck, a very large head, a large tail, which was ugly and scant of hair. She had a saddle of her own. Wheat and salt were her usual food. She used to draw the largest sled-burden by her tail. She used to kneel when passing under any doorway, however high, and also to let her rider mount.
- ↑ Annals of the Four Masters - Part 12. Annals of the Four Masters. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
There was an earthquake at Sliabh Gamh, by which a hundred persons were destroyed, among whom was the son of Manus Crossagh O'Hara. Many horses and cows were also killed by it, and much putrid fish was thrown up; and a lake, in which fish is now caught, sprang up in the place.
- ↑ Annals of the Four Masters - Part 13. Annals of the Four Masters. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
Great famine prevailed through all Ireland in this and the following year, so that people ate of food unbecoming to mention, and never before heard of as having been introduced on human dishes.
- ↑ Vaughan, W.E; Fitzpatrick, A.J, eds. (1978). Irish Historical Statistics, Population, 1821/1971. Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714100.
- ↑ Cottrell, Peter (2009). The War for Ireland, 1913-1923. Oxford: Osprey. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1-84603-9966.
- ↑ "Ireland becomes first country to approve same-sex marriage by popular vote". Irish Times. 24 May 2015.