Uí Néill

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Uí Néill
Country Ireland
Parent house Connachta (Dál Cuinn)
Titles
Founded 5th century AD
Founder Niall Noígíallach
Current head by sept dynast
Cadet branches House of Dunkeld ?

The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation: [iː ˈnʲeːl̪ʲ], descendants of Niall) are Irish and Scottish dynasties who claim descent from Niall Noigiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), a historical King of Tara who died about 405.

Branches

The first generation of the Uí Néill were his sons, seven in all:

The Northern Uí Néill branch:

The Southern Uí Néill branch:

All these men were in their lifetime known as members of The Connachta dynasty, or as "the sons of Niall." The term Uí Néill did not, by its very nature, come into use until the time of Niall's grandsons and great-grandsons.

Dynasties descended from the Uí Néill, such as the Cenél Conaill and Cenél nEógain, held power in Ulster until their defeat in the Nine Years War in 1603. Many of the heads of the families left for Catholic Europe in 1607, an event known as the Flight of the Earls.

Uí Néill family tree

Bold indicates a supposed High King of Ireland.

See also

Bibliography

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  • Byrne, Francis John (1973), Irish Kings and High Kings, Dublin<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Ó Muraíle, Nollaig (2005), "Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh", The Great Book of Irish Genealogies, Dublin<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smyth, Alfred P (1974), "The Hui Neill and the Leinstermen in the Annals of Ulster, 431–516 A.D", Études Celtic: 121–43<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.

External links