Voiced labiodental affricate

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Voiced labiodental affricate
b̪͡v
b̪͜v
b̪v
Sound

A voiced labiodental affricate ([b̪͡v] in IPA) is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a voiced labiodental stop [b̪] and released as a voiced labiodental fricative [v].

Features

Features of the voiced labiodental affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • There are two variants of the stop component:
    • bilabial, which means it is articulated with both lips. The affricate with this stop component is called bilabial-labiodental.
    • labiodental, which means it is articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
  • The fricative component of this affricate is labiodental, articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Dutch Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect[1] vèès [b̪͡vɛːs] 'screw' Labiodental; occasional allophone of /v/; distribution unclear.[1] See Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect phonology
Italian Some central-south dialects[2] in vetta [iɱˈb̪͡vet̪̚t̪ä] 'at the top' Labiodental; allophone of /v/ after nasals.[2] See Italian phonology
Luxembourgish[3] Hien huet säi Kampf opginn [hiə̯n huə̯t z̥æːɪ̯ ˈkʰɑmb͡v‿ˈopɡ̊in] 'he has given up his fight' Bilabial-labiodental, occurs only word-finally before words beginning with vowels (when pronounced without a pause between them) in German loanwords.[3] See Luxembourgish phonology
Tsonga XiNkuna dialect [ʃileb̪͡vu] 'chin' Labiodental.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Peters (2010), p. 240.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Canepari (1992), p. 71.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gilles & Trouvain (2013), pp. 72–73.

Bibliography

  • Canepari, Luciano (1992), Il MªPi – Manuale di pronuncia italiana (in Italian), Bologna: Zanichelli, ISBN 88-08-24624-8 Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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