Voiceless uvular affricate
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|Voiceless uvular affricate|
Features of the voiceless uvular affricate:
- Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
- Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Adyghe||Natukhai||кхъэ||[q͡χa] (help·info)||'grave'||Dialectal. Corresponds to [qʰ] in other dialects.|
|Avar||хъарахъ||[q͡χʰːaˈraq͡χʰː] (help·info)||'bush'||Contrasts with the ejective [q͡χʼː].|
|English||Scouse||clock||[kl̥ɒq͡χ]||'clock'||Possible word-final realization of /k/.|
|German||Some Swiss dialects||Sack||[z̥ɑq͡χ]||'bag'|
|Persian||Some dialects||قفل||[q͡χofl]||'lock'||Fortition of word-initial /q/.|
- Wells (1982), pp. 372–373.