Wend von Wietersheim

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Wend von Wietersheim
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1972-031-42, Wend von Wietersheim.jpg
Born (1900-04-18)18 April 1900
Neuland, Löwenberg district, Silesia
Died 19 September 1975(1975-09-19) (aged 75)
Bad Honnef-Aegidienberg
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch German Empire Deutsches Heer
Reichswehr
Nazi Germany Heer
Years of service 1914–45
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held Panzer-Grenadier Regiment 113
11. Panzer-Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

Wend von Wietersheim (18 April 1900 – 19 September 1975) was a German general of Infantry, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Career

Coat of Arms of the Von Wietersheim family.

Wietersheim was born on 18 April 1900 in Neuland, district of Löwenberg, in Silesia, a province in the Kingdom of Prussia. Today it is Niwnice within Lwówek Śląski County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. He was the son of the Chamberlain and Ultimogeniture Walter von Wietersheim (1863–1919) by his marriage to Armgard von Colmar (1863–1949).[1] His older brother, Mark von Wietersheim, was a member of the Nazi Party and served in the State Assembly of Prussia and also as district administrator (Landrat) of the county of Löwenberg.

Wietersheim served in the First World War as a Fähnrich (ensign) in the German Army. For his service he received the Iron Cross (2nd Class) and in 1919 was promoted to Leutnant (second lieutenant). As a result of the Treaty of Versailles, which was signed on 28 June 1919, the German Army was downsized to a standing army of 100,000 men and renamed the Reichswehr (Defence of the Reslm) in the era of the Weimar Republic. Wietersheim was one of the 4,000 officers retained in the new army. From 1924 he served with Reiter-Regiment 12, the 12th cavalry regiment. He was transferred to the military riding school in Hanover and successfully participated in numerous equestrian tournaments from 1924 to 1929. In 1934 he was appointed as squadron chief of the 4th Cavalry Regiment.[2] He also served on the staff of the 3rd Military District (Wehrkreis), before transferring to the Panzer (tank) force in 1938 with the position of Adjutant (aide) with the 3rd Panzer Division. With this unit he participated in the German invasion of Poland, which marked the beginning of the Second World War in Europe. Major Wietersheim took command of the Kradschützen-Bataillon 1 (1st motorcycle infantry battalion) of the 1st Panzer Division, which at the time was under the command of Friedrich Kirchner. He led this battalion in the Battle of France.

War against the Soviet Union

Wietersheim was promoted to Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel) on 1 April 1941 and was appointed commander of Schützen-Regiment 113 (113th rifle regiment) of the 1st Panzer-Division on 20 July 1941. This regiment was later renamed Panzergrenadier-Regiment 113 on 5 July 1942. The invasion of the Soviet Union began on 22 June 1941 and was codenamed Operation Barbarossa. The 1st Panzer-Division was subordinated to Panzergruppe 4 (4th Panzer Group) under the command of Generaloberst (Colonel General) Erich Hoepner operating on the northern sector of the Eastern Font. Its strategic goal was Leningrad, with operational objectives being the territories of the Baltic republics. The division initially made fast advance and captured Opolje, near Kingisepp, in August 1941.

Wietersheim surrendered to General Herbert L. Earnest of the US 90th Infantry Division in May 1945, near Vseruby, in Czechoslovakia near the border with Bavaria.

Awards

Wehrmachtbericht references

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
24 December 1943 In den Kämpfen südöstlich Kirowograd haben sich die 11. Schlesische Panzerdivision unter Führung des Generalmajors v. Wietersheim und die 13. Altmärkische Panzerdivision unter Führung des Generalmajors Hauser hervorragend bewährt.[13] The 11th Silesian Panzer-Division under the command of Major-General v. Wietersheim and the 13th Altmark Panzer-Division under the command of Major-General Hauser have particularly proven themselves in combat southeast of Kirovohrad.
4 September 1944 (addendum) Im Rhônetal hat sich die zum Schutz unserer Absetzbewegung eingesetzte 11. Panzerdivision unter Führung des Generalleutnants von Wietersheim in Angriff und Abwehr hervorragend bewährt.[14] The 11th Panzer-Division under the command of Lieutenant-General Wend von Wietersheim, employed for the protection of our retreat in the Rhône Valley, has proved itself to be excellent in attack and defense.
24 December 1944 (addendum) In der Schlacht um Lothringen und in den Vorfeldkämpfen des Westwalls an der Saar haben sich die 11. Panzer-Division unter Führung des Generalleutnants Wend von Wietersheim und die 25. Panzergrenadier-Division unter Führung des Obersten Burmeister hervorragend geschlagen.[15] In the Battle of Lorraine and in the advance battles of the Western Wall at the Saar, the 11th Panzer-Division under the command of Lieutenant-General Wend von Wietersheim and the 25th Panzer-Grenadier-Division under the leadership of Colonel Burmeister have fought magnificently.

See also

References

Citations

  1. "Wend von Wietersheim". Munzinger (in German). Retrieved 8 November 2013. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Mitcham (2006), p. 107.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Thomas 1998, p. 444.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Berger 1999, p. 375.
  5. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 513.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Scherzer 2007, p. 786.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 446.
  8. Von Seemen 1976, p. 359.
  9. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 65.
  10. Von Seemen 1976, p. 32.
  11. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 42.
  12. Von Seemen 1976, p. 16.
  13. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 632.
  14. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 232.
  15. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 574.

Bibliography

  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2006). The Panzer Legions: A Guide to the German Army Tank Divisions of World War II and Their Commanders. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. p. 312. ISBN 978-0-8117-3353-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Von Seemen, Gerhard (1976). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 : die Ritterkreuzträger sämtlicher Wehrmachtteile, Brillanten-, Schwerter- und Eichenlaubträger in der Reihenfolge der Verleihung : Anhang mit Verleihungsbestimmungen und weiteren Angaben (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7909-0051-4. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Stockert, Peter (2012) [1997]. Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2 (in German) (4th ed.). Bad Friedrichshall, Germany: Friedrichshaller Rundblick. ISBN 978-3-9802222-9-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Johann Mickl
Commander of 11.Panzer Division
10 August 1943 – 10 April 1945
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Horst Freiherr Treusch von Buttlar-Brandenfels
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling
Commander of XXXXI Panzerkorps
10 April 1945 – 19 April 1945
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Rudolf Holste