Wolf-Udo Ettel

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Wolf-Udo Ettel
File:Wolf-Udo Ettel.jpg
Wolf-Udo Ettel
Born (1921-02-26)26 February 1921
Hamburg
Died 17 July 1943(1943-07-17) (aged 22)
Catania, Sicily
Buried at war cemetery at Motta Sant'Anastasia
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Luftwaffe
Years of service 1939–43
Rank Oberleutnant
Unit JG 3, JG 27
Commands held 8./JG 27
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (posthumous)

Wolf-Udo Ettel (26 February 1921 – 17 July 1943) was a German World War II Luftwaffe 124 victories Flying ace and a posthumous recipient of the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Ettel was credited with 124 aerial victories—that is, 124 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—claimed in over 250 missions. Ettel was killed in action by Anti Aircraft artillery on 17 July 1943.

Early life and career

Ettel was born on 26 February 1921 in Hamburg in the Weimar Republic. He and his two younger brothers attended the Potsdam National Political Institutes of Education (Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalt—Napola) which was a secondary boarding school founded under the recently established Nazi state. The goal of the Napola schools was to raise a new generation for the political, military and administrative leadership of the Third Reich.[1] Ettel joined the military service of the Luftwaffe on 15 November 1939.

World War II

Leutnant Ettel was posted to 4. Staffel (squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3—3rd Fighter Wing) on the Eastern Front in early 1942. On 24 June, he claimed his first two victories when he shot down two Il-2 Sturmovik aircraft. He, himself, was shot down near Voronezh on 10 July while destroying a Russian-flown Douglas Boston bomber. He bailed out of his stricken Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4 "White 1" behind Russian lines but swam across the River Don to return to his unit four days later. He recorded his 20th victory on 9 August and his 30th by 7 October.

4./JG 3 was relocated to the Kuban bridgehead in February 1943, and during the months of intensive operations Ettel claimed some 28 Russian aircraft shot down in March and 36 more in April, including five shot down on 11 April. On 28 April 1943, Ettel was credited with his 100th aerial victory. He was the 38th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.[2] He claimed his 120th victory on 11 May but was shot down by flak and belly-landed his Bf 109 G–4 between the front lines but was able to return to German lines despite Russian rifle fire. That same night Ettel led a Wehrmacht patrol to his damaged aircraft to salvage important equipment. Ettel was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 1 June.[3]

On 5 June 1943, Ettel was appointed Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) to 8./Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27—27th Fighter Wing) based in Greece. He shot down a Royal Air Force (RAF) Spitfire over Sicily on 14 July. On 16 July, he shot down two United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) B-24 Liberator bombers and another Spitfire. Ettel was shot down and killed in action on 17 July 1943 while flying a ground support mission attacking British Anti Aircraft artillery position south east of Lentini.[4] Ettel was posthumously awarded the 289th Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 31 August 1943.[5]

Wolf Ettel was credited with 124 victories in over 250 missions. Of his 120 victories over the Eastern Front 21 were Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft. He recorded 4 victories over Sicily which included 2 USAAF four-engine bombers.[6]

Awards

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer as pilot and not Staffelführer in the 4./Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet"[11]

References

Citations

  1. Busacker-Lührssen 1997, p. 6.
  2. Obermaier 1989, p. 243.
  3. Weal 2001, p. 66.
  4. Scutts 1994, p. 60.
  5. Weal 2003, p. 97.
  6. Obermaier 1989, p. 59.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Stockert 1997, p. 372.
  8. Patzwall 2008, p. 74.
  9. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 106.
  10. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 175.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 299.
  12. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 72.

Bibliography

  • Ettel, Wolf (1997). Busacker-Lührssen, Ilse, ed. Sie nannten ihn König der Kubanjäger — Feldpostbriefe 1941–1943 des Jagdfliegers Wolf Ettel (in German). Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Haag + Herchen. ISBN 978-3-86137-579-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scutts, Jerry (1994). Bf 109 Aces of North Africa and the Mediterranean. London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-448-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-1696-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Stockert, Peter (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 3 (in German). Bad Friedrichshall, Germany: Friedrichshaller Rundblick. ISBN 978-3-932915-01-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Weal, John (2001). Bf 109 Aces of the Russian Front. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-084-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Weal, John (2003). Jagdgeschwader 27 'Afrika'. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-841765-38-4.

External links

  • Petr Kacha. "Wolf-Udo Ettel". Aces of the Luftwaffe. Retrieved 22 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Wolf-Udo Ettel". World War 2 Awards. Retrieved 22 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>