Xanthelasma

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Xanthelasma
Xanthelasma.jpg
Classification and external resources
Specialty Lua error in Module:Wikidata at line 446: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
ICD-10 H02.6
ICD-9-CM 374.51
DiseasesDB 28519
MedlinePlus 001447
eMedicine oph/610
Patient UK Xanthelasma
[[[d:Lua error in Module:Wikidata at line 863: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|edit on Wikidata]]]

Xanthelasma (or xanthelasma palpebrarum) is a sharply demarcated yellowish deposit of fat underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids.[1] While they are neither harmful nor painful, these minor growths may be disfiguring and can be removed.[1] They are common in people of Asian origin and those from the Mediterranean region.[citation needed]

Because of the hereditary component, they may or may not indicate high blood levels of cholesterol. Where there is no family history of xanthelasmata, they usually indicate high cholesterol and may correlate with a risk of atheromatous disease.[citation needed]

A xanthelasma may instead be referred to as a xanthoma when becoming larger and nodular, assuming tumorous proportions.[2] Still, xanthelasma is often classified simply as a subtype of xanthoma.[3]

Treatment

Xanthelasmata can be removed with a trichloroacetic acid peel, surgery, lasers or cryotherapy. Removal may cause scarring and pigment changes, but it is an uncommon side-effect of treatment.

Name

The word is derived from Greek xanthos, ξανθός, "yellow" and έλασμα, elasma, "foil". The plural is xanthelasmata. Palpebrarum is Latin for 'of the eyelids' (plural genitive case).[citation needed]

Associations

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Lang, Gerhard K (2000). Ophthalmology. Stuttgart: Thieme.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[page needed]
  2. Shields, Carol; Shields, Jerry (2008). Eyelid, conjunctival, and orbital tumors: atlas and textbook. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-7578-7. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[page needed]
  3. "xanthelasma". Mosby's Medical Dictionary (8th ed.). 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Susman, Ed. "AHA: Eyelids Hold Clue to Heart Disease". Medpage Today. Retrieved 19 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links