17 July Revolution

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July 1968 Iraqi coup d'état
Part of the Arab Cold War
Date 17 July 1968
Location Iraq
Result Overthrow of Abdul Rahman Arif
Establishment of Baathist government
Iraq Iraqi government

Iraqi Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
Iraq Iraqi Armed Forces

Commanders and leaders
Iraq Abdul Rahman Arif
President of Iraq

Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Regional Secretary
Saddam Hussein
Deputy Secretary
Iraq Ibrahim Al-Daoud
Commander of the Presidential Guard

Iraq Abd ar-Razzaq an-Naif
Deputy Head of Military Intelligence
Units involved
Presidential Guard 10th Armoured Brigade
Jihaz Haneen

The 17 July Revolution was a bloodless coup in Iraq in 1968, led by General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, which brought the Iraqi Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party to power. Both Saddam Hussein, later President of Iraq, and Salah Omar al-Ali, later a Ba'athist dissident, were major participants in the coup. According to historian Charles R. H. Tripp, the coup upset the "US-sponsored security system established as part of the Cold War in the Middle East. It appeared that any enemy of the Baghdad regime was a potential ally of the United States."[1] The Ba'ath Party ruled from the 17 July Revolution until 2003, when it was removed from power by an invasion led by American and British forces. Iraq then came under a military occupation by a multinational coalition.[2] (The 17 July Revolution is not to be confused with the 14 July Revolution, a coup on 14 July 1958, when King Faisal II was overthrown, ending the Hashemite dynasty in Iraq and establishing the Republic of Iraq.)

See also


  1. Tripp, Charles (2010). A History of Iraq. Cambridge University Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-521-87823-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html