2014 Wales summit

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NATO Summit Wales 2014
2014 Newport Summit
2014 Newport summit.jpg
Logo of the 2014 Wales Summit
Host country United Kingdom
Date 4–5 September 2014
Venue(s) Celtic Manor, Newport
Cities Newport, Cardiff
Website NATO Summit Wales 2014
The Celtic Manor Resort, where the meeting was held

The 2014 Wales Summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was a meeting of the heads of state and heads of government of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, held in Newport, Wales on 4 and 5 September 2014. Such summits are sporadically held, and allow leaders and officials from NATO member states to discuss current issues of mutual concern and to plan strategic activities going forward. The 2014 summit has been described by Admiral James Stavridis as the most important since the fall of the Berlin Wall.[1]

Background

The summit was hosted by British Prime Minister David Cameron. Attendees included Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, U.S. President Barack Obama, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President François Hollande, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.

There were another 180 VIPs, and 4,000 delegates and officials from approximately 60 countries.[2]

The official logo for the summit included a panel with four quadrants, each bearing a stylized symbol of Newport or Wales: a Celtic knot, the Welsh Dragon, Newport Transporter Bridge and a Welsh castle.[3] The entrance to the venue was fronted by a full-scale replica of a Eurofighter Typhoon.[4][5]

Agenda

NATO Foreign Ministers' dinner, Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama, 4 September 2014

World leaders met at the Celtic Manor, and informally at other locales in and around Cardiff. They discussed ongoing events in the world, such as terrorism, cyber warfare, and other areas of national security interest to the member states.

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko had a joint discussion with EU big four leaders and US President Barack Obama before the official start of the Summit, to discuss the crisis with Russia.[6][7][8]

Outcomes

Petro Poroshenko and Quint leaders (Hollande, Obama, Cameron, Renzi and Merkel) discussing the crisis with Russia

The following declarations and agreements were made at the Summit:

  • Wales Summit Declaration[9]
  • Joint Expeditionary Force agreement[10]
  • Armed Forces Declaration[11]
  • Joint Statement of the NATO-Ukraine Commission[12]
  • Declaration on Afghanistan[13]

At the end of the summit Ukrainian President Poroshenko announced a ceasefire which had been agreed with one of the leading pro-Russia separatist leaders, under terms proposed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, which was cautiously welcomed by NATO leaders.[14]

Criticism

de (Walther Stützle), Social Democratic Party of Germany former defense secretary of state and former head of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, criticised the summit agenda for its focus on military details and not political perspectives.[importance?] Stützle said that the Russian Federation was not a military threat to NATO but criticized that new NATO members' policies were not détente and negotiation with the Russian Federation.[15]

Protests, demonstrations and marches took place in Newport and Cardiff involving several hundred people, though the turnout was much lower than predicted.[16]

Security

Cardiff Castle during the summit, showing NATO flags and the "ring of steel".

In both Newport and Cardiff, road closures and security measures, starting weeks in advance of the summit, created widespread disruption.[17] Thirteen miles (21 km) of security fencing, 2.7 m (9 ft) high, was erected around the Newport hotel venue[17] and ten miles of fencing put up around Cardiff city centre, creating what was described as a "ring of steel".[18] Businesses in the vicinity of security fencing in Cardiff reported a drop in trade by up to a third.[19] This fencing was based on, and expanded, the 'National Barrier Asset ' which is held in reserve for similar events.

Security included around 9,500 police officers patrolling the streets of the two cities, military helicopters including US Osprey V22s and the Royal Navy’s new £1bn Type 45 destroyer HMS Duncan.[20]

Leaders and other dignitaries in attendance

Member states

Non-member states and organisations

NATO Foreign ministers

References

  1. Hjelmgaard, Kim (31 August 2014). "NATO summit 'most important' since fall of Berlin Wall". usatoday.com. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2015. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Nato Wales 2014: Newport summit in numbers". BBC News. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Nato summit logo features Newport's Transporter Bridge - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 9 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Final preparations for Nato summit in Newport - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Summit Wales 2014 - Day 1". Getty Images. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Poroshenko to brief world leaders before NATO summit". Channel NewsAsia. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Obama, Cameron, Merkel, Hollande y Renzi se reunirán con presidente de Ucrania - Noticias | TeleticaMovil". teletica.com. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Ucraina. Renzi arriva al vertice Nato, summit G5 su Ucraina apre incontri". Internazionale (in Italian). Rome. 4 September 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. North Atlantic Alliance (5 September 2015). Written at Newport, Wales. Wales Summit Declaration (PDF). Meeting of the North Atlantic Council, 4–5 September 2014. London: Government Digital Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "International partners sign Joint Expeditionary Force agreement - News stories - GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "NATO Summit 2014: Armed Forces Declaration - Publications - GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "NATO Summit 2014: Joint Statement of the NATO-Ukraine Commission - Publications - GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Wales Summit Declaration on Afghanistan - Publications - GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. MacAskill, Ewen; Walker, Shaun (4 September 2014). "Nato leaders cautiously welcome Ukraine ceasefire agreement". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Stützle, Walther (4 September 2014). "Die NATO wird nicht bedroht" [NATO is not threatened]. deutschlandfunk.de (Interview) (in Deutsch). Interviewed by Friedbert Meurer. Köln, DE: Deutschlandfunk. Archived from the original on 2014-09-05. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Four arrests at anti-Nato protest in Cardiff". BBC News. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. 17.0 17.1 Deans, David (August 7, 2014). "Nato Summit 2014: Road closures and disruption in Cardiff city centre". Wales Online. Retrieved September 1, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Gemma Mullin (26 August 2014). "Lockdown in Cardiff: City turned into high security 'prison' with 10 mile 'ring of steel' ahead of Nato conference". Daily Mail. Retrieved 3 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Atwell, Jessica (August 28, 2014). "Nato Summit 2014: Businesses near Cardiff Ring of Steel claim trade has dropped by a third since fence was erected". Wales Online. Retrieved September 1, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Paul Rowland (2 September 2014). "Nato Summit 2014: The main security measures in Newport and Cardiff". Wales Online. Retrieved 8 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "VERTICE NATO: MATTEO RENZI E MINISTRO MOGHERINI ARRIVATI IN GALLES | AGENPARL AGENPARL". agenparl.com. Retrieved 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links