30th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine)

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83rd Cavalry Division (1941-c.1944)
13th Guards Cavalry Division (c.1944-45)
11th Guards Mechanised Division (1945-57)
30th Guards Tank Division (1957-2004)
30th Guards Mechanized Brigade (2004-present)
USMC-100615-M-4569K-194.jpg
30th Mechanized Brigade during training.
Active September 1, 1941 - December 6, 1991
December 6, 1991 - present
Country  Soviet Union 1941–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present
Branch Red Army 1941-1991
Ukrainian Ground Forces 1991-present
Type Mechanized
Garrison/HQ A0409 Novohrad-Volynskyi, Zhytomyr Oblast
Engagements World War II
Cold War
War in Donbass[1]
Decorations Order of the Red Banner
Order of Suvorov
Battle honours Rivne, Novohrad-Volynskyi
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Ihor Dovhan[2]
Notable
commanders
Pyotr Zubov
Mykhailo Mnyshenko
Insignia
Guards unit Нагрудний знак «Гвардія».png
Mechanized branch insignia Емблема механізованих військ (2007).png
Shoulder sleeve insignia 30-а механізована бригада.png

The 30th Mechanized Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. The full name of the Brigade is 30th Separate Guards Mechanized Novohrad-Volynskyi Rivne Orders of the Red Banner and Suvorov Brigade, (Ukrainian: 30 окрема гвардійська механізована Новоград-Волинська Рівненська орденів Червоного Прапора і Суворова бригада).[3]

History

World War II

Between September 1 and October 1, 1941, the 83rd Cavalry Division was formed in the city of Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

The division consisted of the following units:

  • 215th Cavalry Regiment
  • 226th Cavalry Regiment
  • 231st Cavalry Regiment
  • Separate Chemical Squadron

From September 5, 1941, the commanding officer of the Division was Lieutenant General Selivanov.

On November 7, 1941, the Division was sent to the Volga Military District where it was assigned to the newly forming Cavalry mechanized group of the 61st Army. Until December 28, 1941, the Division was fortifying near the station of Lysi Gory Saratov Oblast.

The first battle that the Division took part in was near the city of Ryazhsk, Ryazan Oblast as part of the Cavalry mechanized group of the 61st Army as part of the Bryansk Front and the Soviet winter counter offensive in front of Moscow. In January 1942 the division was assigned to the 7th Cavalry Corps and was assigned to be a Mobile Group in the Moscow Defense Zone for the 61st Army. The division remained with the 7th Cavalry Corps for the rest of 1942 and when the Corps was redesignated as the 6th Guards Cavalry Corps in January 1943 the division became the 13th Guards Cavalry Division on 19 January 1943.[4] The division was under the command of General Major Pyotr Zubov.[5]

The 13th Guards Cavalry Division fought at Dubno in 1944, as well as at the Battle of Debrecen and was with 6th Guards Cavalry Corps of the 2nd Ukrainian Front in May 1945.

Cold War

Feskov et al. trace the unit's history as follows. At the beginning of June, the division relocated to Novohrad-Volynskyi. On 1 August 1945, the division was converted into the 11th Guards Mechanized Division. During November and December 1956, the division fought in the crushing of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. 44 soldiers of the division were killed during the campaign in Hungary. The division moved back to Novohrad-Volynskyi in January 1957.[6]

On 4 June 1957 it became the 30th Guards Tank Division,[7] part of the 8th Tank Army. In 1960, the division's 58th Separate Tank Training Battalion was disbanded. On 19 February 1962 the 335th Separate Missile Battalion and the 108th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion were activated. In 1968 the 151st Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became the 151st Separate Guards Engineer-Sapper Battalion. The 1043rd Separate Material Supply Battalion was created from the motor transport battalion in 1980. During the Cold War, the division was maintained at 25% strength. In November 1990, the division was equipped with 224 T-72 main battle tanks. [7]

1990-present

The 30th Guards Tank Division, along with the rest of the 8th Tank Army and the Carpathian Military District, became part of the Ukrainian Ground Forces according to the order of Ukraine About Armed Forces of Ukraine from December 6, 1991. In February 1992, all units of the Division pledged their allegiance to Ukraine.

It was still designated a tank division as of Decree N 350/93 (August 21, 1993). On October 20, 1999, the Division was awarded the Novohrad-Volynskyi designation. On July 30, 2004, the Division was reformed into a Brigade.

Currently the brigade is the only mechanized brigade that does not have any conscripts. It is also a part of Joint Rapid Reaction Forces. Over a hundred soldiers from the Brigade have served in peace keeping missions in Sierra Leone, Lebanon, Iraq and Kosovo.[8]

As of October 12, 2007, the 2nd Mechanized Battalion of the Brigade is deployed in Kosovo as part of the POLUKRBAT.[9]

The current commander of the brigade served as a commander of the 5th Separate Mechanized brigade in Iraq.[10]

In 2015 the Brigade took part in the Battle of Debaltseve during the War in Donbass.[1]

Formation patches

Order of battle

In 1960, the division included the following units.[7]

  • 276th Tank Regiment
  • 282nd Guards Tank Regiment
  • 325th Tank Regiment
  • 319th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Vysokaya Rech, Zhitomir Oblast)
  • 855th Guards Artillery Regiment
  • 937th Guards Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment
  • 54th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 151st Separate Guards Sapper Battalion
  • 214th Separate Guards Communications Battalion
  • 197th Separate Chemical Defence Company (Vysokaya Rech, Zhitomir Oblast)
  • 112th Separate Medical-Sanitary Company
  • Separate Motor Transport Battalion

Division: 2003

  • 276-й танковий полк.jpg 276th Armor Regiment
  • 325-й танковий полк.jpg 325th Armor Regiment
  • 282-й танковий полк.jpg 282nd Guards Armor Regiment
  • 23px 319th Mechanized Regiment
  • 855-й артилерійський полк.jpg 855th Guards Artillery Regiment
  • 937-й зенітний ракетний полк.png 937th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment
  • 214-й батальйон зв'язку.jpg 214th Separate Guards Signal Battalion
  • 23px 54th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 151-й інженерно-саперний батальйон.png 151st Separate Guards Combat Engineer Battalion
  • 108-й ремонтно-відновлювальний батальйон.jpg 108th Separate Maintenance Battalion
  • 1043-й батальйон тилового забезпечення.jpg 1043rd Separate Combat Service Support Battalion
  • 112-й окремий медичний батальйон.jpg 112th Separate Medical Battalion
  • 404-й батальйон РХБ захисту.jpg 404th Separate Chemical Battalion

Brigade (2004-present)

  • 1st Mechanized Battalion
    • 1st Mechanized Company
    • 2nd Mechanized Company
    • 3rd Mechanized Company

Awards

The brigade has received 22 orders, and 30 of its soldiers have been decorated with medals.[11]

Past commanders

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 New defensive line outside Artemivsk attacked by militants, deaths reported, Ukraine Today (May. 8, 2015)
    Traumas of soldiers becoming more visible after Debaltseve, Kyiv Post (March 6, 2015)
    Volunteer accuses separatists of killing more Ukrainian prisoners (AUDIO), Kyiv Post (May 1, 201)
  2. http://www.vu.mil.gov.ua/pdf/2007-12.pdf
  3. "List of full names of the Ukrainian Military unit". President.gov.ua. 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Red Sabers, Soviet Cavalry Corps, Divisions, and Brigades, 1941-1945, Charles C. Sharp
  5. "Biography of Major-General Petr Ivanovich Zubov". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2012-03-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 "70 років гвардійської слави" [70 Guards Fame]. Narodnaya Armia (in Ukrainian). 30 August 2011. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Holm, Michael. "30th Guards Tank Division". ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Новини Управління Прес-служби МО". Mil.gov.ua. 2006-04-05. Retrieved 2012-03-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Новини Управління Прес-служби МО". Mil.gov.ua. 2006-04-05. Retrieved 2012-03-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Новини Управління Прес-служби МО". Mil.gov.ua. Retrieved 2012-03-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Керівний склад військової частини" [Management of the military unit]. Lebedin.info (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Про присвоєння почесного найменування "Новоград-Волинсь...| вiд 20.10.1999 № 1356/99". Zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2012-03-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>