39th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

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The 39th Pacific Ocean Red Banner Order of Kutuzov Rifle Division (Russian: 39-я Тихоокеанская Краснознаменная стрелковая дивизия) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed in 1922, which fought in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria against the Japanese in 1945, and became a motor rifle division in 1957. It later became a machine-gun artillery division, responsible for a fortified sector along the Soviet border with the People's Republic of China. It then became part of the Russian Ground Forces.


The division was originally formed on 20 July 1922, on the basis of the 104th Rifle Brigade, of the 35th Rifle Division, as the 1st Transbaikal Rifle Division,[1] but traces its history to the earlier Russian Civil War Red Guard units of the Far East as well.

The division fought the Chinese during the Sino-Soviet conflict (1929).[2] The future Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky was a regimental commander in the division in the 1930s.[3]

In 1936, the division was renamed the Pacific Ocean Rifle Division (Тихоокеанская стрелковая дивизия), and was re-raised at Vladivostok, FEMD, during 1937 as part of the reorganisation of the Soviet forces in the Far East. The division fought in the Battle of Lake Khasan with the 39th Rifle Corps in August 1938. In 1939, it became the 39th 'Pacific Ocean' Rifle Division.

39th RD comprised the 50th, 199th, and 254th Rifle, 15th Artillery, and other smaller sub-units. The division was in the Far East in June 1941. The division was stationed at Tschekunda in the Far East with the 15th Army until April 1943, when it was transferred to the 1st Red Banner Army during August 1943. The division was with the 59th Rifle Corps, 1st Red Banner Army in the Transbaikal-Amur Military District in 1945. One of its post-war commanders was a Petrov (1957–60).

The division became the 129th Motor Rifle Division in 1957, and in 1962, it became the 129th Motor Rifle Training Division.(Holm 2015)

In September 1987 it became the 392nd District Training Centre.[4][5]


  1. http://www.rkka.ru/handbook/reg/39sd22.htm
  2. 39-я стрелковая дивизия
  3. Poirer & Connor, p.278
  4. Michael Holm, 129th Training Motor Rifle Division, 2015.
  5. Включает в себя два полка (один учебный мотострелковый, а второй - учебный танковый), три отдельные роты и три отдельных батальона (связи, развед. и саперный). быв- 129 умсд, танк полк (Князеволконский), мсп (Хабаровск). 08.2008 практические занятия по стрельбе из штатного вооружения боевых машин пехоты. 02.2009 КШУ. 2009: 386 умсп, 240 утп. Latitude 48.471929, Longitude 135.103143 http://warfare.be/db/lang/rus/catid/239/linkid/2239/base/462/title/392-outs/