Adverbial case

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The adverbial case (abbreviated ADV) is a noun case in the Abkhaz language and Georgian language that has a function similar to the translative and essive cases in Finnic languages. It is also featured in the Udmurt language. The term is sometimes used to refer to the ablative case in other languages.


In Georgian, the adverbial case has several functions. Its most common usage is to derive adverbs from adjectives, just as in English:

Pianinoze kargad ukravs ("He/she plays the piano well")

The adverbial case suffix is -ad.

The adverbial case also acts as the essive case, as in:

Masc'avleblad mushaobs ("He works as a teacher")

The adverbial case is also employed when stating the name of a language:

Inglisurad lap'arakobs ("(S)he speaks English")
Germanulad gadatargmna ("(S)he translated it to German")

With the passive future participle in sa-, the adverbial case often is used to form purposive or infinitival-like constructions:

Usatuod shevecdebi biletebi vishovo mag p'iesis sanaxavad
Without a doubt I will try to get tickets to see this play. (Aronson, p. 402)