Adyghe people

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Adyghe
Адыгэ
Total population
657,000 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
 Turkey 316,000[1]
 Egypt 12,000[2]
 Russia 124,835
107,048
13,834
584[3]
 Jordan 122,000
 Ukraine 600[4]
Languages
Adyghe language, Russian language
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Abkhaz, Kabarday, Ubykh

Adyghe (/ˈædɡ/ or /ˌɑːdˈɡ/; Circassian language: Адыгэ Adyge) are Western Circassian (Russian: Адыгейцы Adygeytsy), peoples of the northern Caucasus, who speak the Adyghe language. In a wider sense, "Adyghe" can also refer to all of the Circassian peoples (whose native demonym is Адыгэ Adyge; Russian: Адыги Adygi).

Map of ethnolinguistic groups in the Caucasus region including Adyghes in the narrow sense of the term

Population

Within Russia, the numbers of Adyghe proper in 2010 were 124,835 including 107,048 in Adygea,[3] 13,834 in Krasnodar Krai,[3] 569 in Moscow,[5] and (in 2002) 584 in Kabardino-Balkaria.[6]

Tribes

History

The political history of the Adyghe proper since the Russian Revolution is complex. On 27 July 1922, a Circassian (Adygea) Autonomous Oblast was established in the Kuban-Black Sea Oblast, which would later become Krasnodar Krai. After several name changes, the Adyghe Autonomous Oblast was established on 3 August 1928. On 5 October 1990, the Adygea ASSR was proclaimed and separated from Krasnodar Krai. On 24 March 1992, it became the Republic of Adygea. A significant population of the Adyghe community now lives in the Black Sea region of Northern Turkey where their culture is preserved in villages in the area.[7]

References

  1. "Abaza". Ethnologue. Retrieved 9 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Websters-online-dictionary
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Официальный сайт Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года. Информационные материалы об окончательных итогах Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Russian)
  4. "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Приложения к итогам ВПН 2010 года в городе Москве. Приложение 5. Национальный состав населения по административным округам города Москвы (Russian)
  6. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (in русский). Archived from the original on 2011-08-21. Retrieved 2009-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Adyghe in Turkey". Archived from the original on 2011-08-21. Retrieved 2014-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>