Aleksandr Leonidovich Vishnevsky

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Aleksandr Vishnevsky
File:Alexander Leonidovich Vishnevsky.jpg
Born Aleksandr Leonidovich Vishnevetsky
(1861-01-20)20 January 1861
Taganrog, Russian Empire
Died 27 February 1943(1943-02-27) (aged 82)
Tashkent, Soviet Union
Occupation Actor

Aleksandr Vishnevsky (Russian: Александр Леонидович Виншевский) was a Russian actor and one of the founding members of the Moscow Art Theatre.


Vishnevsky studied at the Taganrog gymnasium where he befriended the young Anton Chekhov. From 1883 he took part in the performances of the Taganrog Music and Drama Society. Later he acted in the theatres of Kharkov, Ekaterinoslav, Odessa, Saratov where he was a jeune premier. In 1898 he joined the troupe of the Moscow Art Theatre (MAT). On the opening night of the MAT, Vishnevsky played the part of Boris Godunov in the play Tsar Fiodor Ioannovich by Alexei Tolstoy. In 1899 he played Godunov again in Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan the Terrible. Vishnevsky was the first to play the title role in Chekhov's play Uncle Vanya at the MAT.

In 1933 Vishnevsky became the first actor to be awarded the title of Hero of Labour. Later that honorary title was renamed Hero of Socialist Labour. He was also awarded the title of Honored Worker of Arts of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. He died on 27 February 1943 in Tashkent where he lived in evacuation. He is buried in Tashkent. His son is Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky, who was a journalist and a senior official at the TASS. His daughter is Natalia Alexandrovna Vishnevskaya.


Theatre roles

(at the Moscow Art Theatre):


  • 1918 – Cagliostro (“The False Masons”), Russia, Rus, black-and-white
  • 1927 – Woman's Victory aka Pobeda zhenschiny (“Boyar Nikit Yurievich”), USSR, Mezhrabpomrus, black-and-white, 62 min.

Acknowledgement and awards


  • Encyclopaedia of Taganrog, 2nd edition, Taganrog, 2003

External links