Aleksandras Štromas

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Alexander Shtromas
Native name Aleksandras Štromas
Born (1931-04-04)April 4, 1931
Kaunas, Lithuania
Died June 12, 1999(1999-06-12) (aged 68)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Nationality Lithuanian
Fields Sociology
Alma mater
Known for
Human rights activism with participation in dissident movement in the Soviet Union

Alexander Shtromas (Lithuanian: Aleksandras Štromas, 4 April 1931, Kaunas, Lithuania – 12 June 1999, Chicago) was a prominent Lithuanian political scientist, dissident, professor and author.


Shtromas was born in Kaunas, Lithuania. During the Nazi occupation of Lithuania he was imprisoned into Ghetto. After he was saved from the Ghetto, Shtromas was harbored by Antanas Sniečkus. He studied at Vilnius University, and later finished at Moscow State University. In 1964 Shtromas defended his doctoral thesis in law. Soon afterward Shtromas became a critic of the Soviet regime and was forced to emigrate. In 1973 he settled in the United Kingdom. There he became professor of Bradford University, and later worked in Salford University, and, until his death, at Hillsdale College. Aleksandras Shtromas died on 12 June 1999 in the US.

Books in English

  • Who are the Soviet dissidents? (2 ed.). University of Bradford. 1979 [1977].<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Political change and social development: the case of the Soviet Union (1981)
  • To fight communism: why and how? (1985)
  • The Soviet Union and the challenge of the future (edited with Morton A. Kaplan, 1988)
  • The end of "isms"?: reflections on the fate of ideological politics after Communism's collapse (edited, 1994)
  • Totalitarianism and the prospects for world order: closing the door on the twentieth century (2003)


  • Shtromas, Alexander (Summer–Autumn 1979). "Dissent and political change in the Soviet Union". Studies in Comparative Communism. 12 (2–3): 212–244. doi:10.1016/0039-3592(79)90010-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Shtromas, Alexander (Autumn–Winter 1987). "Dissent, nationalism, and the Soviet future". Studies in Comparative Communism. 20 (3–4): 277–285.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>