Alexander Borodai

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Alexander Borodai
Александр Бородай
Александр Бородай.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of Donetsk People's Republic
Assumed office
8 August 2014
Prime Minister Alexander Zakharchenko
1st Prime Minister of Donetsk People's Republic [1]
In office
16 May 2014 – 7 August 2014
Deputy Andrei Purgin
Vladimir Antyufeyev
Preceded by Inaugural
Succeeded by Alexander Zakharchenko
Personal details
Born 1972
Moscow, Soviet Union
Citizenship Russian
Nationality Russian
Alma mater Moscow State University
Military service
Allegiance  Transnistria
 Donetsk People's Republic
Battles/wars War in Transnistria[2]
1993 Russian constitutional crisis
War in Donbass

Alexander Yurevich Borodai (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ю́рьевич Борода́й; IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ˈjʉrʲɪvʲɪtɕ bərɐˈdaj], Ukrainian: Олександр Юрійович Бородай; born in Moscow, July 25, 1972)[3] is a former Prime Minister of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic that declared its independence from Ukraine on 12 May 2014.[4][5][6][7] He was appointed to the post by the republic's self-proclaimed Supreme Council on May 16, 2014.[8] Borodai, a Russian citizen, had earlier worked as a political adviser to Sergey Aksyonov, the prime minister of the Republic of Crimea.[7] On 7 August 2014 Borodai announced his resignation.[9] He was succeeded by Alexander Zakharchenko[9] whose self-appointed Deputy Prime Minister he became.[10]

In his interview to "Novaya Gazeta" Borodai acknowledged that he has known Igor Girkin since after the war in Transnistria.[2]

Personal

Alexander Borodai lives in Moscow.[11] He is a son of Yury Borodai, a scholar in philosophy.[3]

Career and education

Borodai has a degree in philosophy from Moscow State University. In 1994 he worked for the RIA Novosti as a military correspondent during the First Chechen War. Since 1996 he works for the ru newspaper. Since 1998 he has worked as a "political technologist" specialising in elections. Since 2001 he has headed the consulting business "Sotsionaster" specializing in crisis management.[3] Borodai and the future military commander of the Donetsk People's Republic Igor Strelkov were close associates of the controversial Russian businessmen Konstantin Malofeev.[3][12]

According to Russian media, he was appointed as a deputy director of Russian FSB State Security in 2002 at the age of 35 [13] ,[14] when he held the rank of major general – Borodai dismissed this as a hoax. He currently has a consultancy in Moscow and worked at a major investment fund.[11]

Nationalism

In the 1990s he edited a Russian[15][16][17] newspaper[18] ru (Завтра -"Tomorrow"), run by journalist Alexander Prokhanov.

In December 2011, Borodai and Prokhanov co-founded the "patriotic" Web TV channel Den-TV (“Day”).[19][20] Den-TV's programming has regularly included Konstantin Dushenov, who has previously been imprisoned for anti-semitic incitement.[21]

Politics

Borodai refers to himself as "professional consultant" with expertise in ethnic conflict. “I have resolved all kinds of complicated conflict situations,” he told journalists.[11]

In 2002, according to the Moscow Times newspaper, he also dismissed reports that he had been appointed a deputy director of Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB)[13][14] as a hoax arranged for his 30th birthday.[11]

Crimea

Borodai worked as an advisor to appointed Crimea governor Sergei Aksyonov.[11] Borodai claims he worked as a “political strategist” during the annexation of Crimea by Russia, and states that the political forces that facilitated the takeover are the same as those active in the Donetsk Republic: "Naturally the people who set up these popular movements and were the initiators are the same people, they are connected to each other... So when I finished the work in Crimea I automatically... came here to work in southeast Ukraine.”[11]

Donetsk

Following the 2014 Donetsk status referendum; on 16 May 2014 Borodai was appointed Prime Minister of the Donetsk People's Republic.[9][22]

On 28 July 2014 Borodai left Donetsk for Russia[23] and returned On 4 August.[10]

In a press conference in Donetsk on 7 August 2014 Borodai announced his resignation as Prime Minister.[9] In this press conference he stated “I came here as a crisis manager, a start-upper, if you want. I’ve managed to achieve a lot in the past several months, the DPR has been established as a state”.[9] As Prime Minister he was replaced by Alexander Zakharchenko.[9] Borodai (also) stated he would become Zakharchenko's Deputy Prime Minister.[10] He further stated in the 7 August 2014 press conference that he believed a "native Muscovite" like him should not lead the Donetsk People's Republic.[24]

References

  1. Kateryna Choursina and Daria Marchak. "Ukraine Forces Fight Rebels as Separatists Prepare Vote". Businessweek.com. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kanygin, P. Aleksandr Borodai: We are not ready to conclude peace on conditions of capitulation. "Novaya Gazeta". 13 August 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Александр Бородай: "Просто я, Леонтьев и Стрелков давно знакомы"". RBC daily. 26 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Pro-Russians: Ukraine's Donetsk 'Independent'". News.sky.com. 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2014-06-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Премьер-министром ДНР стал россиянин Александр Бородай". Mk.ru. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Ukraine's bogus referendums". The Economist. May 11, 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Ukraine crisis: Donetsk leader dismisses Kremlin support claim". Financial Times. June 3, 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Ukraine: Donetsk People's Republic elects PM". Turkish Press. May 16, 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 "August 7, 2014 - RT News". Rt.com. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 (Ukrainian) Boroday tired of "prime minister", Ukrayinska Pravda (7 August 2014)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 Delany, Max (18 May 2014). "Mysterious Russian fixer heads Ukraine rebel state". The Times of Israel.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Kashin, Oleg (19 May 2014). "Из Крыма в Донбасс: приключения Игоря Стрелкова и Александра Бородая". Slon.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 "На Лубянку приходит новое руководство".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 "ЛУБЯНКА НАЧИНАЕТ ЖИТЬ ЗАВТРАШНИМ ДНЕМ".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Durham, Martin; Power, Margaret. New Perspectives on the Transnational Right. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230623705.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Schevchenko, Olga (2008). Crisis and the Everyday in Postsocialist Moscow. Indiana University Press. p. 195. ISBN 9780253002570.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Umland, Andreas (5 August 2013). "New Extremely Right-Wing Intellectual Circles in Russia: The Anti-Orange Committee, the Isborsk Club and the Florian Geyer Club". Russian Analytical Digest (135): 2–6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Donetsk chaos leads to split in separatist ranks". Financial Times. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Russias Nationalist Fringe Takes Center Stage In Eastern Ukraine". Khpg.org. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Russia's Nationalist Fringe Takes Center Stage In Eastern Ukraine". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Russian newspaper editor jailed for anti-Semitic incitement". World Jewish Congress. 4 February 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Kateryna Choursina and Daria Marchak (17 May 2014). "Ukraine Rebels Ask to Join Russia as Fighters Free Leader". Bloomberg. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "BBC News - Russian ex-police chief Antyufeyev leads Donetsk rebels". BBC News. Retrieved 4 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. (Russian) Boroday said that he is stepping down as prime minister DNR, RIA Novosti (7 August 2014)
Political offices
Preceded by
Inaugural
Prime Minister of Donetsk People's Republic
2014
Succeeded by
Alexander Zakharchenko