Alexander Karpinsky

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Alexander Karpinsky
Alexander Karpinsky
Born 7 January 1847
Turyinskiye Rudniki (now Krasnoturyinsk)
Died 15 July 1936
Nationality Russian
Fields geologist
Notable awards Wollaston Medal (1916)

Alexander Petrovich Karpinsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Петро́вич Карпи́нский; 7 January 1847 (NS) – 15 July 1936) was a prominent Russian and Soviet geologist and mineralogist, and the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and later Academy of Sciences of the USSR, in 1917–1936.


Karpinsky was born in Turyinskiye Rudniki, Perm Governorate (now Krasnoturyinsk, Sverdlovsk Oblast), to a family of mining engineers. From 1857 to 1866 he was in the mining school in St. Petersburg and the last three years he attended the Mineralogical Institute, where he graduated in 1866. He studied and taught at the Mining Institute, St. Petersburg from 1869 to 1885. He was the imperial director of mining research from 1885 to 1916. Karpinsky was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1886, was elected its President in May 1917, and held this title until his death. His main research was chiefly done in the Ural Mountains, and he completed the first geological map of European Russia. He was able to preserve much scientific equipment and many invaluable records during the turmoil, and looting, of the Russian Revolution.

He is buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in Moscow, and is the oldest (by the date of birth) person to be so.

Named in his honor


Academic offices
Preceded by
Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich
President of the Russian Academy of Sciences / Academy of Sciences of the USSR
Succeeded by
Vladimir Komarov


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