|Born||5 February 1924
|Died||27 February 1943
Chernushki, Loknyansky District, Pskov Oblast, USSR
Alexander Matveyevich Matrosov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Матве́евич Матро́сов; Bashkir: Шәкирйән Юныс улы Мөхәмәтйәнов, Ukrainian: Олександр Матвійович Матросов) (February 5, 1924 – February 22 or 27, 1943), born in Yekaterinoslav (now Dnipropetrovsk) was a Soviet infantry soldier during the Great Patriotic War, awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union for blocking a German pillbox with his body.
Official Soviet version
According to Soviet sources, on 22 February 1943, in the battle for the village of Chernushki, currently in Loknyansky District, Pskov Oblast, Matrosov threw himself onto a German pillbox, blocking the machine-gun with his own body, to allow his unit to advance. For his self-sacrifice in battle, Matrosov was posthumously awarded the distinction Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin.
M. J. Broekmeyer claims that Matrosov had been dragged in front of the post by the Germans when he tried to push down the barrel of the gun after having crawled up above the firing hole, and that his death was moved from February 27 to 22 to match the day of the creation of the Red Army.
In popular culture
- Biography (Russian)
- ""Александр Матросов. Правда о подвиге" — Россия, 2008". Archived from the original on 2012-02-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Лазарь Ильич Лазарев (2001-05-07). "Когда мы вернулись с войны". Новая газета. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2010-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Юрий Прохоров, "Правда о великой победе под Курском", Мегаполис, 2003, No 33
- M. J. Broekmeyer, Stalin, the Russians, and Their War: 1941-1945, University of Wisconsin Press, 2004, ISBN 0-299-19594-5, Google Print, p.206
- Matrosov Style Hero, Hung Jiguang (马特洛索夫式的英雄黄继光), Beijing: People's Daily, 1952-12-21, retrieved 2012-11-26<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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