Allan Marquand

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Allan Marquand
Born (1853-12-10)December 10, 1853
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died September 24, 1924(1924-09-24) (aged 70)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Nationality American
Alma mater Princeton University
Johns Hopkins University
Occupation Art historian
Known for Curator of the Princeton University Art Museum
Spouse(s) Eleanor Cross (m. 1896)
Children Eleanor Marquand Delanoy
Mary Marquand Hochschild
Sarnia Marquand
Allan Marquand Jr.
Parent(s) Elizabeth Allen Marquand
Henry Gurdon Marquand
Relatives Harold K. Hochschild (son-in-law)
Adam Hochschild (grandson)

Allan Marquand (/ˈmɑːrkwənd/; December 10, 1853 – September 24, 1924) was an art historian at Princeton University and a curator of the Princeton University Art Museum.

Early life

Marquand was born on December 10, 1853 in New York City. He was a son of Elizabeth Love (née Allen) Marquand (1826–1895) and Henry Gurdon Marquand, a prominent philanthropist and art collector who served as the second president of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[1]

After graduating from Princeton in 1874, Allan obtained his Ph.D. in Philosophy at the Johns Hopkins University in 1880. His thesis, supervised by Charles Sanders Peirce, was on the logic of Philodemus.[1]

Career

After obtaining his Ph.D., he returned to Princeton in 1881 to teach Latin and logic.[1]

During the 1881–1882 academic year, Marquand built a mechanical logical machine that is still extant; he was inspired by related efforts of William S. Jevons in the UK. In 1887, following a suggestion of Peirce's, he outlined a machine to do logic using electric circuits. This necessitated his development of Marquand diagrams.[2]

McCosh, the President of Princeton, deemed Marquand's relatively mathematical approach to teaching logic "unorthodox and uncalvinistic",[3] an approach he had learned at Peirce's feet. Hence in 1883, Marquand was offered a position teaching art history, a position he held until his death and at which he excelled. He was elected chairman of the Department of Art and Archaeology in 1905. He also served as the first director of the Princeton University Art Museum, a position he held until his 1922 retirement.[4]

Personal life

On June 18, 1896, he married Eleanor Cross in the Church of the Holy Communion in South Orange, New Jersey.[5] Eleanor, a daughter of English born railroad official and banker Richard James Cross and Matilda (née Redmond) Cross, was a niece of Goold H. Redmond and Frances Redmond Livingston. Her brothers, John Walter and Eliot Buchanan Cross, were prominent architects. Together, Eleanor and Allan were the parents of four children:[1]

Marquand died at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York on September 24, 1924 and was buried at Princeton Cemetery.[1] His widow, an authority on the representation and symbolism of flowers and trees in art, died in February 1950.[14]

Publications

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "ALLAN MARQUAND, ARCHAEOLOGIST, DIES; Head of Department at Princeton Succumbs Here at 70 After a Long Illness. ON THE FACULTY 48 YEARS Author Aided in Building Princeton's Art Museum and Contributed His Own Library" (PDF). The New York Times. 25 September 1924. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Marquand, Allan (1881). "XXXIII: On Logical Diagrams for n terms". The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. 5. 12 (75): 266–270. doi:10.1080/14786448108627104.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (NB. Quite many secondary sources erroneously cite this work as "A logical diagram for n terms" or "On a logical diagram for n terms".)
  3. Lavin, Marilyn Aronberg, 1983. The Eye of the Tiger: The Founding and Development of the Department of Art and Archaeology, 1883–1923. Princeton: The Department of Art and Archaeology and the Art Museum.
  4. "ALLAN MARQUAND" (PDF). The New York Times. September 26, 1924. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "A DAY'S WEDDINGS.; Marquand -- Cross" (PDF). The New York Times. 19 June 1896. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Eleanor Marquand Delanoy, Rights Advocate, 91". The New York Times. 5 February 1988. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "ELEANOR MARQUAND ENGAGED TO MARRY; Daughter of Late Archaeologist to Wed George Howard Forsyth Jr" (PDF). The New York Times. 6 December 1926. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. The Class of 1923 (1991). "Memorial George Howard Forsyth Jr. '23 *27". Princeton Alumni Weekly. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "MRS. E. M. FORSYTH BRIDE IN PRINCETON; She Is Wed to Douglas Delanoy in University Chapel--Dean Robert Wicks Officiates" (PDF). The New York Times. 15 February 1948. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Harold K. Hochschild, 88, Is Dead; Industrialist Active in Conservation". The New York Times. 25 January 1981. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "MARY MARQUAND MARRIED; Becomes Bride Here of Harold Hochschild of This City" (PDF). The New York Times. 27 November 1941. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Historical Society of Princeton : Online Collections". princeton.pastperfectonline.com. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "ALLAN MARQUAND; Metropolitan Museum of Art Founded by His Grandfather" (PDF). The New York Times. 20 July 1938. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Mrs. Allan Marquand" (PDF). The New York Times. 28 February 1950. Retrieved 27 January 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Ketner, Kenneth Lane, (assisted by A. F. Stewart) 1984, "The Early History of Computer Design: C. S. Peirce and Marquand's Logical Machines," Princeton University Library Chronicle: 187–211.
  • Marquand, Allan
    • 1883, in Charles Sanders Peirce, ed., Studies in Logic by members of the Johns Hopkins University, Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, MA, 1883. Reprinted 1983. John Benjamins.
      • "The Logic of the Epicureans," pp. 1–11, Arisbe Eprint. Google Books Eprint.
      • "A Machine for Producing Syllogistic Variations", pp. 12–15 Google Books Eprint.
      • "Note on an Eight-Term Logical Machine", p. 16, Google Books Eprint.
    • 1886, "A New Logical Machine," Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 21: 303–307, Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, MA, 1886. Google Books Eprint.
  • Peirce, Charles Sanders, 1993, "Letter, Peirce to A. Marquand" dated 30 December 1886, in Kloesel, C. et al., eds., Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition: Volume 5: 1884–1886. Indiana University Press: 421-422, with an image of the letter page with the circuits on p. 423.

External links