Anapa

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Anapa (English)
Анапа (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
250px
A park in Anapa
Map of Russia - Krasnodar Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Anapa is located in Krasnodar Krai
Anapa
Anapa
Location of Anapa in Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Coat of Arms of Anapa (Krasnodar krai).png
Flag of Anapa (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of May 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Anapa[2]
Administrative center of Town of Anapa,[1] Anapsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Urban okrug Anapa Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Anapa Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Sergey Sergeyev[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 58,990 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 280th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Founded 14th century[6]
Town status since 1846[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 353440—353458
Dialing code(s) +7 86133[citation needed]
Official website
Anapa on Wikimedia Commons

Anapa (Russian: Ана́па) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the northern coast of the Black Sea near the Sea of Azov. Population: 58,990 (2010 Census);[4] 53,493 (2002 Census);[8] 54,796 (1989 Census).[9]

History

Gorgippia and other ancient Greek colonies along the north coast of the Black Sea, 8th to 3rd century BCE

The area around Anapa was settled in antiquity. It was originally a major seaport (Sinda) for the Natkhuay tribe of the Adyghe people[citation needed] and then the capital of Sindica. The colony of Gorgippia was built on the site of Sinda in the 6th century BCE by Pontic Greeks, who named it after a king of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE, Gorgippia flourished as part of the Bosporan Kingdom, as did its guild of shipowners, which controlled maritime trade in the eastern part of the Black Sea. A fine statue of Neokles (a local potentate, son of Herodoros) was unearthed by Russian archaeologists and is now on exhibit at the Russian Museum. Gorgippia was inhabited until the 3rd century CE, when it was overrun by nomadic tribes. These tribes are a Circassian or Adyghe origin, gave Anapa its modern name. Anapa was part of Sarmatians, Ostrogoths, European Huns, Avars, Gokturks, Khazars, Circassians and Golden Horde.

Anapa was conquered by the Genoese in 1300 and was renamed Mapa. Genoese possession of it lasted until Ottoman conquest in 1475. Ottomans completed a fortress to defend against the Russian threat in 1791. The fortress was repeatedly attacked by the Russian Empire and was all but destroyed during its last siege in 1829. The town was passed to Russia after the Treaty of Adrianople (1829). See Russian conquest of the Caucasus#Black Sea Coast. It was included in Black Sea Okrug of Kuban Oblast and was granted town status in 1846.[citation needed]

It was occupied by Ottomans between 1853-1856 during the Crimean War. It became part of Black Sea Governorate in 1896. Elizabeth Pilenko, later named as a saint in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, was the mayor during the Russian Revolution. It became part of Kuban-Black Sea Oblast in 1920. During World War II, it was occupied and totally demolished by Nazi Germany with the help of Romanian troops between August 30, 1942 and September 22, 1943.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Anapa serves as the administrative center of Anapsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated separately as the Town of Anapa—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the territories of the Town of Anapa and of Anapsky District are incorporated as Anapa Urban Okrug.[2][3]

Tourism

The town boasts a number of sanatoria and hotels. Anapa, Sochi, and several other cities along the Russian coast of the Black Sea have enjoyed a substantial increase in popularity since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which left traditional Soviet resort cities in Crimea and Abkhazia on the other side of the national border. Anapa is served by the Anapa Airport.

Anapa, like the other Black Sea coast resorts, has a superb sunny summer climate. Anapa has beautiful, mostly sandy beaches. However, Anapa seldom attracts tourists from outside Russia due to its modest infrastructure and its inconvenient accessibility from Western Europe via Moscow or Krasnodar. Anapa remains an attractive and inexpensive option for Russians who prefer traditional Russian resorts to more expensive destinations.

Transportation

Train station in Anapa

Transportation facilities include the Anapa Airport, a railway station, an international passenger port for small-tonnage ships, a bus station, and a network of highways.[10]

Climate

Anapa has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) at the lower elevations.[citation needed] Its average annual temperature is +12.4 °C (54.3 °F): +16.4 °C (61.5 °F) during the day and +9.0 °C (48.2 °F) at night. Average annual precipitation is about 560 millimeters (22 in).

Climate data for Anapa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
24.5
(76.1)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
34.9
(94.8)
38.0
(100.4)
38.2
(100.8)
32.9
(91.2)
35.6
(96.1)
27.1
(80.8)
21.1
(70)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.2
(43.2)
9.3
(48.7)
14.7
(58.5)
19.6
(67.3)
24.1
(75.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
7.7
(45.9)
16.4
(61.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
2.6
(36.7)
5.6
(42.1)
10.7
(51.3)
15.5
(59.9)
20.3
(68.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
18.8
(65.8)
13.4
(56.1)
8.1
(46.6)
4.4
(39.9)
12.4
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.7
(36.9)
7.7
(45.9)
12.2
(54)
16.8
(62.2)
19.5
(67.1)
19.1
(66.4)
14.5
(58.1)
9.8
(49.6)
4.9
(40.8)
1.6
(34.9)
9.0
(48.2)
Record low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−13.2
(8.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
0.7
(33.3)
7.0
(44.6)
11.1
(52)
8.5
(47.3)
0.8
(33.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−12.2
(10)
−18.9
(−2)
−23.9
(−11)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55
(2.17)
49
(1.93)
49
(1.93)
40
(1.57)
36
(1.42)
43
(1.69)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.57)
46
(1.81)
42
(1.65)
59
(2.32)
68
(2.68)
560
(22.05)
Average rainy days 13 12 13 13 11 9 7 6 9 10 13 14 130
Average snowy days 6 6 4 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2 5 23.4
Average relative humidity (%) 81 78 77 77 77 78 71 69 72 75 79 81 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.9 97.1 148.8 191.0 272.3 310.1 339.9 319.1 251.7 191.5 102.9 58.6 2,355.9
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[11]
Source #2: Weatherbase (sunshine hours)[12]
Average Sea Temperature (1977-2006).[13]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature 6.8 °C 6.1 °C 7.4 °C 10.6 °C 15.1 °C 20.0 °C 23.1 °C 24.1 °C 21.1 °C 16.6 °C 11.9 °C 8.7 °C

Culture

The Town Theater of Anapa is located on Krymskaya Street. It was opened after the reconstruction of the Town Cultural Center.[14] There are twenty nine public libraries including four for children. In 2010 the libraries of Anapa received more than 8,000 books, and magazines and newspapers were ordered costing more than 1,000,000 roubles, in addition, nine hundred CDs were purchased.[15]

There is museum of Local History (Краеведческий музей) on Protapova Street.[16]

Architecture and sights

List of mayors

Activities carried out in the town

Twin towns and sister cities

Anapa is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Charter of Anapa Urban Okrug
  3. 3.0 3.1 Law #676-KZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1". Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 20. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Вокзал Анапа: жд вокзал Анапа, авто вокзал в Анапе, морской вокзал. Anapa.yuginform.ru (in Russian). Retrieved March 10, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Anapa, Russia". Weatherbase. Retrieved April 1, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Anapa Water temperature 1977-2006 (in Russian), Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  14. Городской театр. gorodanapa.com (in Russian). Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Сологуб, В. "Некриминальное чтиво". Анапа. Anapa, Russia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Анапский краеведческий музей, Анапа. ЮГА.ру (in Russian). ООО "ЮГА.ру". Retrieved March 10, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Анапский археологический музей — филиал Краснодарского государственного историко-археологического музея-заповедника имени Е.Д. Фелицына". Museum.ru. Retrieved March 10, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Остатки турецкой крепости Анапа и памятник А.д. безкровному. Anapafuture.ru (in Russian). Retrieved March 10, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Храм Святого Онуфрия Великого. Anapahome.ru (in Russian). Retrieved March 10, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Анапский Маяк. Turspeak.ru (in Russian).CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Заказник "Большой Утриш". Справка. Eco.rian.ru (in Russian).CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Мать Мария, бывшая в 1917 г. главой Анапы, причислена к лику святых. Юга.Ру (in Russian). Krasnodar, Russia: ООО "ЮГА.ру". February 13, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Ольга Лихина; Наталья Орлова (September 11, 1993). Канарские острова стали лучшим курортом в мире, не считая Анапы. Коммерсантъ (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Павлючик, Леонид (September 21, 2000). "От шока — к шику". Труд (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Анапа официально открыла курортный сезон. RATA-news (in Russian). Russia. June 23, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. Краснодарский край. Мэрию Анапы ждут реформы, в том числе кадровые.. Regions.ru (in Russian). Russia. December 16, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. А. Пахомов вступил в должность мэра Анапы. Юга.Ру (in Russian). Russia. March 22, 2006. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Кузнецова, Татьяна (April 3, 2009). Вступит в должность новый мэр Анапы (in Russian). Russia. RIA Novosti. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. www.kinoshock.ru
  30. Жданович, Николай (September 15, 2010). Знаковый момент. Рэспублiка (in Russian). Belarus. Retrieved March 14, 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. http://anapa-official.ru/article.php?id_menu=1&id_article=373

Sources

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №676-КЗ от 1 апреля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования город-курорт Анапа и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №64–65, 17 апреля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #676-KZ of April 1, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Resort City of Anapa and on Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Совет муниципального образования город-курорт Анапа. Решение №544 от 16 апреля 2015 г. «О принятии Устава муниципального образования город-курорт Анапа». Вступил в силу после официального опубликования, за исключением отдельных положений, вступающих в силу в иные сроки. Опубликован: "Анапское Черноморье", №62–66, 30 мая 2015 г. (Council of the Municipal Formaton of the Resort Town of Anapa. Decision #544 of April 16, 2015 On Adopting the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the Resort Town of Anapa. Effective as of after the official publication, with the exception of clauses which take effect on different dates.).

External links