Anna Yevreinova

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Anna Mikhaylovna Yevreinova (sometimes referred as Johanna von Evreinov, Russian: А́нна Миха́йловна Евре́инова; 1844—1919) was a Russian feminist writer, lawyer and literary editor. Following her study at the University of Leipzig, she was the first Russian woman to earn the Juris Doctor degree,[1] she was also the first woman who obtained the Juris Doctor degree from a German university.[citation needed]

Anna Yevreinova was a daughter of the manager of the Peterhof Palace, lieutenant general ru. The family tried to arrange Anna's marriage against her will forcing her to attempted suicide. At that time Anna received a letter from Russian mathematician Sofia Kovalevskaya, who proposed help in enrolling to a German university. Since the family objected to her move, Anna could not receive Russian passport and crossed the border illegally, traversing swamps in prunella shoes.[2][3]

She received her J.D degree on 21 February 1873.[4] The title of her dissertation was "The Duties of Neutral Parties towards Parties of War".[5]

She was a frequent correspondent with writers including Anton Chekhov. In 1885 she founded literary magazine Severny Vestnik. She was the chief editor and the owner of this magazine for the first five years of its existence.[2]

She had a long-term relationship with the author Maria Feodorova.[6][7]


  1. Anton Pavlovich Chekhov; Michael Henry Heim; Simon Karlinsky (1973). Anton Chekhov's Life and Thought: Selected Letters and Commentary. Northwestern University Press. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-8101-1460-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Евреинова". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: In 86 Volumes (82 Volumes and 4 Additional Volumes). St. Petersburg. 1890–1907.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Сабашников М. В. Воспоминания / М. В. Сабашников; [Вступ. ст., с. 7-26, Е. И. Осетрова; Примеч. и крат. коммент. указ. имен В. Г. Уткова]. — [2-е изд., доп.]. — М.: Книга, 1988. — 510,[1] с. ISBN 5-212-00019-X
  4. Margrit Twellmann, Wolfgang Abendroth (1972). Marburger Abhandlungen zur Politischen Wissenschaft (in Deutsch). Hain. p. 112. Die erste Frau, die in Deutschland an der Universität in Leipzig am 21. 2. 1873 zum Dr. jur. promovierte, war die Russin Johanna von Evreinov; sie war als "Gasthörerin" in Leipzig zugelassen worden.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Margrit Twellmann, Wolfgang Abendroth (1972). Marburger Abhandlungen zur Politischen Wissenschaft (in Deutsch). Hain. p. 117. „Am 21. 2. 1873 promovierte die Russin Johanna von Evreinov an der Universität Leipzig zum Dr. jur. mit einer Dissertation über die Pflichten der neutralen gegenüber den Kriegsparteien.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Игорь Семенович Кон (1995). The Sexual Revolution in Russia: From the Age of the Czars to Today. Simon and Schuster. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-02-917541-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Wayne R. Dynes (1992). History of Homosexuality in Europe and America. Taylor & Francis. pp. 168–169. ISBN 978-0-8153-0550-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>