Arbuzynka

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Arbuzynka
Арбузинка
Urban-type settlement
Arbuzynka is located in Ukraine
Arbuzynka
Arbuzynka
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Country Ukraine
Oblast Mykolaiv Oblast
Raion Arbuzynka Raion
Population (2015)
 • Total 6,404[1]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Arbuzynka (Ukrainian: Арбузинка, Russian: Арбузинка) is an urban-type settlement in the north of Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Arbuzynka Raion. Population: 6,404 (2015 est.)[1]

Arbuzynka is located on the banks of the Arbuzynka River, a right tributary of the Mertvovid River, in the drainage basin of the Southern Bug.

History

Arbuzynka was founded as Haidamatske by Zaporozhian Cossacks before 1775.[2] In 1816, Arbuzynka (Harbuzynka) became a military settlement which belonged to Yelisavetgradsky Uyezd of Kherson Governorate. It was a part of the 3rd Bug Uhlan Regiment, which later was renamed Voznesensk Uhlan Regiment.[3] In 1828, Yelisavetgradsky Uyezd was merged with Olviopolsky Uyezd into Bobrinetsky Uyezd. In 1857, military settlements were abolished. In 1865, the administrative center of Bobrinetsky Uyezd was moved to Yelisavetgrad, and the uyezd was renamed Yelisavetgradsky. Arbuzynka was a selo and belonged to Konstantinovskaya Volost of Yelisavetgradsky Uyezd.[4]

On 16 April 1920, Kherson Governorate was renamed Nikolayev Governorate, and on 21 October 1922, it was merged into Odessa Governorate. In 1923, uyezds in Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic were abolished, and the governorates were divided into okruhas. In 1925, the governorates were abolished, and okruhas were directly subordinated to Ukrainian SSR. In 1930, okruhas were abolished, and in 1931, Arbuzynka Raion, with the administrative center in Harbuzynka, was established. On 27 February 1932, Odessa Oblast was established, and Arbuzynka Raion was included into Odessa Oblast. In 1944, Arbuzynka Raion was transferred to Mykolaiv Oblast. In 1946, Harbuzynka was renamed Arbuzynka.[4] In January 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Arbuzynka Raion was abolished, and Arbuzynka was moved to Bratske Raion. In 1966, Arbuzynka Raion was re-established.[5] In 1967, Arbuzynka was granted urban-type settlement status.[4]

Economy

Transportation

The closest railway station, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) west of the settlement, is in Kavuny, on the railway line connecting Odessa and Pomichna.[6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 March 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Казацкие поселения на Николаевщине" (in Russian). Николаевская область. Электронная историческая энциклопедия. Retrieved 6 March 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Ковалёва, О.Ф.; Чистов, В.П. Очерки истории культуры Южного Прибужья (от истоков до начала ХХ века). Odessa: Odessa State University.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Фрагменты истории Арбузинского района" (in Russian). Новый Город. Retrieved 4 March 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Районы Николаевской области" (in Russian). Николаевская область. Электронная историческая энциклопедия. Retrieved 6 March 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Украинская ССР - Административно-территориальное деление на 1 января 1979 года. Kiev: Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. 1979.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>