Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria

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Archduke Karl Albrecht
Karl Albrecht Austria 1888 1951 photo1918.jpg
Archduke Karl Albrecht in 1918
Born (1888-12-18)18 December 1888
Pula, Austro-Hungary
Died 17 March 1951(1951-03-17) (aged 62)
near Stockholm, Sweden
Spouse Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona
Issue Prince Karl-Stefan
Princess Maria-Christina
Prince Karl Albrecht
Princess Renata
Full name
Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria
Mother Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany

Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria-Teschen (Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus von Österreich, later Karl Albrecht Habsburg-Lothringen, since 1919 – Karol Olbracht Habsburg-Lotaryński; (Pula, 18 December 1888 – Östervik, nr. Stockholm, 17 March 1951).

Early life and career

He was an Austrian Archduke, the oldest son of Archduke Charles Stephen and Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany.

He was a landowner in Żywiec, Officer Colonel of Artillery in both the Imperial (k.u.k.) Austro-Hungarian Army (on Horse) and the Polish Army, and the 1,175th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1910, etc.[1]

In 1918 and again in 1939 he volunteered to the Polish Army. He fought in the Polish–Soviet War.[2] In 1920, he commanded the Grudziądz Fortress. During the German occupation of Poland, he declared Polish nationality and refused to sign the Volksliste. He was imprisoned[2] in November 1939, kept in Cieszyn[citation needed] and tortured by the Gestapo.[2] His wife was interned in Wisła. He left prison blind in one eye and half-paralyzed. In October 1942, Albrecht and his family were sent to a labor camp in Strausberg.[2] After liberation, he moved to Kraków and then to Sweden. His estate was confiscated in 1939 by the Nazis, and again in 1945 by the communists.[2]

Family and children

On 8 November 1920 he married morganatically Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona (Tullgarn, near Trosa, 18 December 1889 - Saltsjöbaden, near Stockholm, Sweden, 26 November 1985) in the Castle of Żywiec, Poland. Alice became the Princess von Altenburg (with the style Highness) on 15 December 1949, as a daughter of Oscar Carl Gustav Ankarcrona (10 June 1857 -), and his wife (m. 20 November 1886) Anna Elisabeth Aurora Carleson (5 November 1867 -).

Their children were:

  • Karl-Stefan Maximilian Ferdinand Narcissus Maria Prince of Altenburg (b. Balice, Poland, 29 October 1921 - ); married in Geneva, Switzerland on 18 September 1952 his first cousin, Maria-Louise Victoria Katharina Elisabeth af Petersens (b. Stockholm), 4 November 1910 - Östervik, Sweden, 27 May 1998), daughter of August af Petersens and wife, Victoria (Vera) Ankarcrona, and had two children:
    • Maria-Christina Ninfa Renata Margarita Isabella Clara Eugenia Anselma Princess of Altenburg (b. Stockholm, 21 April 1953 -), unmarried and without issue
    • Karl-Albrecht Ferdinand Leopold Philipp Joseph Rafael Maria Prince of Altenburg (b. Stockholm, 24 October 1956 - Zürich, Austria 26 May 1957)
  • Maria-Christina Immaculata Elisabeth Renata Alice Gabriela Princess of Altenburg (b. Castle of Żywiec), Poland, 8 December 1923 – 2 October 2012, Żywiec, Poland unmarried and without issue.
  • Karl-Albrecht Maximilian Leo Maria Dominic Prince of Altenburg (b. Castle of Żywiec), Poland, 4 August 1926 - Castle of Żywiec, Poland, 19 December 1928)
  • Renata Maria Theresia Alice Elisabeth Princess of Altenburg (b. Castle of Żywiec), Poland, 13 April 1931 -), married in Stockholm on 26 June 1957 Spanish Diplomat Eduardo de Zulueta y Dato (b. Paris, France 4 December 1923 -), and had issue.


Titles, styles, honours, and arms



  1. Ribera, José António Moya, Costados, N.º 81
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Timothy Snyder. The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke. Basic Books. 2008.