Ter-Tadevosyan in Shushi in 2012
|Birth name||Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan|
|Nickname(s)||Komandos (in Nagorno-Karabakh)
Mountain Fox (in Afghanistan)
22 May 1939 |
Tbilisi, Soviet Georgia, Soviet Union
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union
|| Soviet Army
Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army
Armed Forces of Armenia
|Rank||Major General (1992)|
|Commands held||Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army|
Capture of Shusha
Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan (Armenian: Արկադի Տեր-Թադևոսյան; Russian: Аркадий Тер-Тадевосян; also known by the troops under his command as Komandos (Armenian: Կոմասնդոս); born May 22, 1939) is a Soviet and Armenian Major General, a military leader of the Armenian forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War and Armenia's former Deputy Minister of Defense. Ter-Tadevosyan is best known as being the commander of the operation to capture the town of Shushi in May 1992.
Ter-Tadevosyan was born in Tbilisi, Georgian SSR. After graduating from a high school in Tbilisi, he decided to become an officer. He attended the Baku Combined Arms Command School and later Leningrad Military Academy of Rear Services and Transportation. He served in Afghanistan where he earned the nickname, Mountain Fox. He continued his military service in East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Belarus, and also served as a lecturer at the Armenian State Agrarian University. With the breakup of the Soviet Union and the brewing conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, Ter-Tadevosyan took part in organizing in 1990 the defense of Armenian villages straddling the borders of Soviet Azerbaijan. He joined the Sasuntsi Davit Detachment to defend villages from constant attacks launched by Azerbaijani militants.
Thereafter, he went to Nagorno-Karabakh to train soldiers. Ter-Tadevosyan was appointed Head of Training Corps Defense Committee in 1991. In 1992 he was named commander of the operation (dubbed Wedding in Mountains) to seize the strategic town of Shushi, the capture of which in May 1992 marked the first significant military victory by Armenian forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. Ter-Tadevosyan is known in Armenia as the "mastermind of Shushi liberation". He participated in the formation of the Armenian armed forces and assisted it to overcome significant challenges before it could emerge as a well-developed institution. On 25 May 1992, Ter-Tadevosyan was awarded the rank of Major General for his accomplishments during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. He also received the Order of the Combat Cross (1st class).
In May 2000, Ter-Tadevosyan left the Yerkrapah veterans union and founded the Veterans of the War of Liberation organization, although he left it in July of that year, expressing personal grievances about those who had joined it.
The President of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, Bako Sahakyan, awarded him with the Order of the Golden Eagle and the title of Hero of Artsakh on the 17th anniversary of the Capture of Shushi in 2009. The region continues to hold much meaning to Ter-Tadevosyan, who spends at least one week each month there.
Ter-Tadevosyan is currently supervising the training of specialists in the Armenian armed forces.
- Order of the Red Banner
- Order of the Badge of Honour
- Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Medal "For Impeccable Service", 1st class
- Medal "For Impeccable Service", 2nd class
- Medal "For Impeccable Service", 3rd class
- Order of the Combat Cross, 1st class
- Hero of Artsakh (2009)
- Anon. Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: Chronology of Key Events February 1988-June 2003. NKR Office in Washington D.C. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
- "Armenian general on OSCE MG co-chairs’ parity." Tert. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
- Melkonian, Markar. My Brother's Road: An American's Fateful Journey to Armenia. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2005, pp. 219-220 ISBN 1-85043-635-5
- (Armenian) Կոմանդոս. Կենաց պայքար (Komandos: A Struggle for Survival)." Panarmenian.net. November 2, 2010.
- "ACNIS Salutes the Armenian Armed Forces on Army Day". January 28, 2010. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ter-Saakyan, Karine. "Karabakh Veterans Split by Conflicting Loyalties." Institute for War & Peace Reporting. CRS No. 52, October 6, 2000. Retrieved July 16, 2008.[dead link]
- NKR President decorates Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan with the Golden Eagle Order Retrieved May 18, 2012.
- Commandos: struggle for survival, Panarmenian.net, 2010 Retrieved May 19, 2012.
- (Armenian) "Tadevosyan, Arkady" entry in the Encyclopedia of Karabakh Liberation War: 1988-1994. Yerevan, 2004.
- on YouTube