|Born||Artyom Genrikhovich Borovik
13 September 1960
|Died||9 March 2000(aged 39)|
Artyom Genrikhovich Borovik (Russian: Артём Ге́нрихович Борови́к; IPA: [ɐrˈtʲɵm ˈɡʲenrʲɪxəvʲɪtɕ bərɐˈvʲik]; 13 September 1960 – 9 March 2000) was a prominent Russian journalist and media magnate. He was the son of a Soviet journalist, Genrikh Borovik, who worked for many years as a foreign correspondent in the U.S.
Borovik first appeared on Soviet television in late 1980s as one of the hosts of a highly progressive and successful Vzglyad (which literally translates as The View or The Look), a kind of satirical television show watched weekly by as many as 100 million people. The other anchors were Evgeny Dodolev, Vladislav Listyev, Alexander Lyubimov, Alexander Politkovsky and Dmitry Zakharov.
Borovik was a pioneer of investigative journalism in the Soviet Union during the beginning of glasnost. He worked for the American CBS program 60 Minutes during the 1990s, and began publishing his own monthly investigative newspaper Top Secret, which grew into a mass-media company involved in book publishing and television production. In 1999, Borovik started an investigative program called Versiya in partnership with U.S. News & World Report.
His Top Secret TV programme often focused on corruption cases involving Russia's political and economic elite. The programme, as well as Borovik's print publications, Top Secret and Versiya, were openly critical of Vladimir Putin. Borovik also opposed the First and Second Chechen Wars. His last investigation was about the Russian apartment bombings of 1999, which he and others alleged had actually been orchestrated by the Russian FSB. In one of his last papers he quoted Vladimir Putin who said: "There are three ways to influence people: blackmail, vodka, and the threat to kill." This quote Borovik based on Der Spiegel and Stern, German magazines.
An Artyom Borovik prize for investigative journalism is awarded annually in Moscow. Anna Politkovskaya received this prize.
Borovik died in an aircraft crash at Sheremetyevo International Airport on 9 March 2000. The Yakovlev Yak-40 was chartered by the Chechen oil industry executive Ziya Bazhayev for a flight to Kiev. All nine people on board, including five crew, perished in the crash. The originally scheduled aircraft was due to depart at 8:00 in the morning of 9 March 2000; however, due to Borovik's planned flight being delayed, Bazhayev offered Borovik a seat on his aircraft.
The official investigation into the crash by the Interstate Aviation Committee revealed that whilst snow was removed from the aircraft exterior, de-icing fluid was not applied. The crew did not ask for permission to enter the taxiway, which was done at too high a speed for the icy conditions, and the flaps were set to 11°, instead of 20°. The aircraft reached a speed of 165 km/h, when the crew began to rotate the aircraft, at which stage it reached a 13° angle of attack, and stalled 8–10 metres off the ground, and reached a height of 63 metres, before crashing.
According to historian Yuri Felshtinsky and political scientist Vladimir Pribylovsky, Borovik's death may be linked to his publications about Vladimir Putin just before the presidential elections that took place on 26 March. He died three days prior to the scheduled publication of materials about Putin's childhood. At this time he also conducted an investigation of Moscow apartment bombings. Borovik had studied Vera Putina's claims.
Borovik published several books, including The Hidden War, about the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
- Artyom Borovik. Russian in the U. S. Army. Hippocrene Books, Inc. 1990. ISBN 0-87052-627-8
- Artyom Borovik. Hidden War: A Russian Journalist's Account of the Soviet War in Afghanistan. Grove/Atlantic, Inc. 1992. ISBN 0-87113-283-4
- Clines, Rancis X. (1991-01-12). "Soviet Press Curbs Hint at a Retreat". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Incident #1: Borovik's 'Top Secret'".
- Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Business Watch, "Oleg Kalugin: 'Man In The News' Once Again", 9 April 2002.
- Leading journalist killed in plane crash - IFEX
- Mystery death of Kremlin critic, The Guardian, 10 March 2000
- Russian crash: search for terrorist link, BBC News.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 April 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Neradko, Alexander (18 February 2002). "О катастрофе самолёта Як-40Д RA-88170 09 марта 2000 г. в аэропорту Шереметьево" (in русский). Inter-Industry Aviation Association. Retrieved 5 April 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- СОСТОЯНИЕ БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ ПОЛЕТОВ В ГРАЖДАНСКОЙ АВИАЦИИ ГОСУДАРСТВ-УЧАСТНИКОВ СОГЛАШЕНИЯ О ГРАЖДАНСКОЙ АВИАЦИИ И ОБ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИИ ВОЗДУШНОГО ПРОСТРАНСТВА В 2000 ГОДУ (in русский). Interstate Aviation Committee. Retrieved 5 April 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Yuri Felshtinsky and Vladimir Pribylovsky The Age of Assassins: The Rise and Rise of Vladimir Putin, Gibson Square Books, London, 2008, ISBN 1-906142-07-6, pages 116-121.
- BBC News, "Russian crash: search for terrorist link", 10 March 2000.
- "Could this woman be Vladimir Putin's real mother?". The Telegraph. December 12, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>