Aschaffenburg (district)

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Aschaffenburg
District
Bavaria AB (district).svg
Country  Germany
State Bavaria
Adm. region Unterfranken
Capital Aschaffenburg
Area
 • Total 699 km2 (270 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 172,791
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration AB, ALZ
Website landkreis-aschaffenburg.de

Aschaffenburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) the districts of Darmstadt-Dieburg, Offenbach, Main-Kinzig (all in the state of Hesse), the districts Main-Spessart and Miltenberg, and the town of Aschaffenburg.

History

Remains of Roman settlements were found on the river Main. There was a Roman military camp in what is today the municipality of Stockstadt am Main. After the Roman retreat the region became subject to Alemanni and Franks before eventually being a part of the Electorate of Mainz. While the banks of the Main were populated all these centuries, the hills of the Spessart were virtually unsettled until the 13th century.

The districts of Aschaffenburg and Alzenau were established in 1862, half a century after the region was annexed by the state of Bavaria. These districts were merged in 1972 in order to form the present district.

Geography

The district is located in the extreme northwest of Bavaria and bounded by Hesse on two sides. The River Main forms the western border, though southwest of the town of Aschaffenburg there are also parts on the western river banks incorporated in the district. The south and east of the district is occupied by the Mittelgebirge Spessart.

The town of Aschaffenburg is not included in the district ( kreisfrei ), but nonetheless is its administrative seat.

Economy

In 2012 (latest data available) the GDP per inhabitant was €27,507. This places the district 69th out of 103 districts (rural and urban) in Bavaria (overall average: €37,493).[2]

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • an acorn symbolising the Spessart hills and their dense forests
  • the wheel of the electorate of Mainz
  • the blue rings of the Echter family, which was a noble family possessing substantial holdings of land in the region

Towns and municipalities

Towns:

Municipalities:

References

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "VGR der Länder, Kreisergebnisse für Deutschland - Bruttoinlandsprodukt, Bruttowertschöpfung in den kreisfreien Städten und Landkreisen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1992, 1994 bis 2012 (German)". Statistische Ämter der Länder und des Bundes. Retrieved 18 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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