Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry
|Azərbaycan Dövlət Neft və Sənaye Universiteti|
The rise of what became ASUOI is tied to the rise of the petroleum industry in the Baku region. By 1887 the preparatory technical school that would become Baku Polytechnicum was established in Baku. By 1910 it had integrated a curriculum related to the growing oil industry. However, the ratio of Azeris to non-Azeris was so skewed that, of the 494 students studying at the school in 1916, only 20 were Azeri. On November 14, 1920, after the invasion of the Red Army and the establishment of the fledgling Azerbaijan SSR, the new government decreed that Baku Polytechnicum would close and be replaced by Baku Polytechnical Institute, a more traditional polytechnic institute and the beginnings of the current incarnation. The new school focused on training engineers in a broad range of industries, from agriculture to oil. By 1923 the school graduated its first three students; by 1927 it had risen to 289 graduates.
The new school went through many name changes over the years as its emphasis changed to meet the needs of Azerbaijan. In 1923 the school changed its name to Azerbaijan Polytechnical Institute. In 1929 the agriculture department was spun off into a separate Agriculture Institute and the university changed its name to the Azerbaijan Oil Institute (AOI) in 1930. However, the expanding need for engineers in areas outside oil resulted in expansion in the school's curriculum. The school changed names again in 1934, this time to the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (Az.I.I.).
World War II taxed the Soviet Union and schools like Az.I.I. struggled to stay open. At the end of the war, there was great demand for oil engineers in the Soviet Union and the school trained them in great numbers. In 1952, the government founded a separate Azerbaijan Polytechnical Institute and moved much of the non-petrochemical curricula to the new school so that Az.I.I. could focus on the oil industry. On February 12, 1959 the school was renamed the Azerbaijan Oil and Chemistry Institute (AzOCI). In the early 1960s an evening program was developed. This program developed into its own, separate public university in 1992, reusing the name Azerbaijan Industrial Institute and becoming Sumgait State University. On March 21, 1992, after the independence of Azerbaijan from the Soviet Union, the university changed its name to the current ASUOI.
The campus is on Azadlıq Prospekti (Liberty Avenue) in Baku.
Organization and administration
The Academy has eight faculties – Geology and Exploration Faculty, Gas, Petroleum and Mining Faculty, Chemical Technologies Faculty, Petro-mechanics Faculty, Energetics Faculty, Automatization of Production Processes Faculty, Engineering Economics, International Economic Relationships and Management Faculty and the Institute for Specialization and Re-education of Workforce for Industrial Organizations.
Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, ASOA has worked with a dozen Western universities to Westernize and modernize its programs, in particular with Georgia State University to develop a modern Masters of Business Administration program.
ASOA trains students in more than 50 fields: geological engineering, computer sciences, metallurgical engineering, hydrogeology engineering, geophysics engineering, mountain-mining engineering, petroleum and gas constructions engineering, heating energetics engineering, equipment production engineering, technology machinery and apparatus engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, communication and radiotechnics engineering, mechatronics and robotechnology engineering, mechanical engineering, information technology and systems engineering, re-manufacturing and repair engineering, metrology, standardization and certification engineering, chemical engineering, petroleum and gas engineering, automatization engineering, management, engineering economics, marketing and so on.
The Academy has its own sports complex with swimming pool, tennis courts and all-weather football pitch. The "Neftçi" (~"Oilers") run teams in 12 sports including football, swimming, handball, basketball, athletics, judo, boxing and wrestling.
- Vagit Alekperov, President of the Russian oil company LUKOIL
- Heydar Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan from June 1993 to October 2003
- Nikolai Baibakov, head of Gosplan (State Committee for Planning) of the USSR
- Lavrentiy Beria, chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus under Joseph Stalin
- Rustam Ibrahimbeyov, screenwriter
- Kerim Kerimov, head of Soviet space program
- Alish Lambaranski, ex-mayor of Baku
- Sabit Orujov, minister of the gas industry of the USSR
- Artur Rasizade, Prime Minister of Azerbaijan
- Farman Salmanov, geologist
- José Eduardo dos Santos, president of Angola
- Mahaman Laouan Gaya, former minister, secretary general of ministry of energy and petroleum of Niger
- Igor Kurchatov, Research Assistant at the Faculty of Physics (1924–1925)
- "Azərbaycan Dövlət Neft Akademiyasının adının dəyişdirilməsi haqqında" Azərbaycan Respublikası Prezidentinin 3 sentyabr 2015-ci il tarixli Sərəncamı. president.az, 03.09.2015
- Gun attack at Azerbaijan academy, BBC News, April 30, 2009
- Gary McKillips, "Teach a Man to Fish", The State of Business (Georgia State University), Fall 2001, accessed on April 14, 2006
- Tüm Uyeler. kunib.com
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