Babylon (software)

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Babylon Software
Babylon version 10.0
Developer(s) Babylon Software Ltd.
Operating system Microsoft Windows
Type Dictionary, machine translator, spell checker, browser hijacker
License Trialware
Alexa rank Negative increase 234 (April 2014)[1]

Babylon is a computer dictionary and translation program, developed by Babylon Software Ltd., an Israeli public company (TASEBBYL)[2] based in Or Yehuda. The company was established in 1997 by the Israeli entrepreneur Amnon Ovadia. Its IPO took place ten years later. It is considered a part of Israel's Download Valley,[3][4] a cluster of software companies monetizing "free" software downloads through adware. Babylon includes in-house proprietary dictionaries, as well as community-created dictionaries and glossaries. It is a tool used for translation and conversion of currencies, measurements and time, and for obtaining other contextual information. The program also uses a text-to-speech agent, so users hear the proper pronunciation of words and text. Babylon has developed 36 English-based proprietary dictionaries in 21 languages. In 2008–2009, Babylon reported earnings of 50 million NIS through its collaboration with Google.

Babylon attempts to hijack the user's system by adding the Babylon Toolbar, which has been widely identified as a browser hijacker.[5][6] The toolbar also comes bundled as an add-on with other software downloads.[7] It changes browser preferences such as the user's home page and search engine, changes that can be very difficult to reverse.[8][9]


In 1995, Israeli entrepreneur Amnon Ovadia began a project for an online English–Hebrew dictionary which would not interrupt the reading process. As a result, Babylon Ltd. was founded in 1997 and launched the first version of Babylon. On 25 September 1997, the company filed a patent for text recognition and translation.[10] In 1998, a year following its launch date, Babylon had two million users, mostly in Germany and Brazil,[11] growing from 420,000 to 2.5 million users in the course of that year. In the same year, Formula Systems, headed by Dan Goldstein, acquired Mashov Computers and became the largest shareholder in the company. By 2000, the product had over 4 million users. In the spring of 2000, Babylon Ltd. failed to raise $20 million in a private placement and lost NIS 15 million.[12] Further stress came with the collapse of the Dot-com bubble. In 2001, Babylon Ltd. continued shedding money, with the company costing its parent company Formula Vision NIS 4.7 million.[13]

Since 2007, Babylon Ltd. (TASEBBYL) has been a publicly traded company. Its IPO took place in February 2007; Israeli businessman Noam Lanir purchased controlling interests in the company for $10.5 million, sharing management with second majority shareholder Reed Elsevier[14] and the Company founder Amnon Ovadia. According to Globes magazine in January 2011, Lanir received an offer for his stake from a foreign private equity fund that valued the company at NIS 248 million (approximately 70 million dollars).[15]

In 2008–2009, Babylon reported earnings of NIS 50 million through its collaboration with Google. In 2010, Google Ireland signed an extended cooperation agreement with Babylon to provide it with online search and pay-per-click advertising services.[16]

In 2011, Babylon was named the seventh most popular website in Libya, the eighth in Algeria and the eleventh in Tunisia.[17]

According to Globes magazine, Noam Lanir, who acquired control of Babylon for NIS 20 million, made a paper profit of NIS 200 million on his investment in 2012.[18]

According to Alexa, Babylon's website was once ranked 45th most popular website in the world.[18] It is now ranked 494th.

Product features

A single click on any text using the right mouse button or combination of the right mouse button and a keyboard modifier, and the Babylon window appears providing a translation and definition of the clicked term.[19][20] Babylon is a tool used for translation and conversion of currencies, measurements and time, and for obtaining other contextual information. Babylon has a patented[specify] OCR technology and a single-click activation that works in any Microsoft Windows application, such as Microsoft Word, Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Excel, Internet Explorer and Adobe Reader. When activated, Babylon opens a small popup window that displays the translation or definition. Babylon provides full text translation, full Web page and full document translation in many languages and supports integration with Microsoft Office. Babylon enables the translation of Microsoft Word documents and plain text files. It offers results from a database of over 1,700 sources in over 75 languages.[21]

Dictionaries and encyclopedias

Babylon includes its in-house proprietary dictionaries, community-created dictionaries and glossaries (UGC), which include general and technical dictionaries, language and monolingual dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedias and lexicons in a multitude of languages. They are indexed in 400 categories covering the arts, business, computers, health, law, entertainment, sports and so on.[22]

The program also uses a text-to-speech agent so users hear the proper pronunciation of words and text. Babylon Ltd. has developed 36 English-based proprietary dictionaries in 21 languages (English, Arabic, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish) that are free of charge to users of the software. These dictionaries comprise between 60,000 and 200,000 terms, phrases, acronyms and abbreviations and are enabled with a morphological engine which facilitates recognition of all inflected forms of single words and phrases, provides all forms of terms that include prefixes and extensions and supplies a solution for all formats of writing. Babylon's Linguistic Department is responsible for the extensive content and information database which is a significant component of Babylon’s Product.[23]

Malware issues

File:Babylon malware installer.png
Installer window from during the controversy with Nmap. After clicking on the green button, it installs the Babylon Toolbar, which hijacks the user's web browser.[24]

On 7 August 2010, Microsoft antivirus products identified the software application as adware (identified as "Adware: Win32/Babylon") due to potentially intrusive behavior.[25] Sixteen days later, on 23 August 2010, Microsoft announced that Babylon Ltd. had modified the program and that it was no longer categorized as adware.[26] In 2011, the Cnet site started bundling the Babylon Toolbar with open-source packages such as Nmap. Gordon Lyon, the developer of Nmap, criticized the decision.[27][28] The vice-president of, Sean Murphy, released an apology: The bundling of this software was a mistake on our part and we apologize to the user and developer communities for the unrest it caused.[29]

In 2012 the Babylon search toolbar was identified as a browser hijacker that, while very easy to install inadvertently, is unnecessarily difficult to remove afterwards.[5][30] The toolbar is listed as an unwanted application by anti-spyware software such as Stopzilla or Spybot – Search & Destroy.[31] Many users, trying to uninstall Babylon, have searched for help on different support forums.[32] The toolbar tends to install itself onto computers as an add-on with other software and changes users' home page to the Babylon search engine, adds the search engine to the computer and sets itself as the default.[7]

On 29 October 2013, Google notified Babylon that it did not intend to renew its cooperation agreement between the two companies, which terminated on 30 November 2013. Google said that complaints had been received from Google Chrome users, claiming that the Babylon toolbar damages the browser's user experience. According to Babylon, Google may have reconsidered the decision during 2014.[33]

See also


  1. " Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 1 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Schultz, Fred (2000). Education 01/02. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. p. 204. ISBN 978-0-07-243317-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Game over in Download Valley? Haaretz, Inbal Orpaz, Orr Hirschauge, 22 August 2013
  4. Conduit Diversifies Away From 'Download Valley' Wall Street Journal, Orr Hirschauge, updated 15 May 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Babylon Search Hijacker". 31 July 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Rashid, Fahmida (2 May 2013). "How to Remove Babylon Search Toolbar". PC Magazine. Ziff Davis. Retrieved 19 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 Lee, Jay (25 July 2012) Getting rid of Babylon, The Houston Chronicle
  8. Remove FBI & Babylon Zombie Virus, author Steve Hogan, 11 October 2012
  9. Brinkmann, Martin (17 August 2011) How To Uninstall The Babylon Toolbar Completely,
  10. "Recognition and translation system". Google Patents. Google. Retrieved 16 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Babble on". Salon Media Group, Inc. 2 November 1999. Retrieved 16 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Blackburn, Nicky (May 2002). "By The Users of Babylon". Jerusalem Post via Formula Vision. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Formula Vision lost NIS 33.6 million in 2001. (3 April 2002)
  14. Malichi, Asaf (12 August 2007) Noam Lanir buys into Babylon, YNet
  15. Ackerman, Gwen (19 January 2011). "Babylon Shareholder gets offer for majority stake, Globes says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Babylon extends deal with Google, Globes, 26 December 2010
  17. Solomon, Shoshanna (11 December 2011) Israel’s Babylon Says Arab World to Boost Sales of Translation Software.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Tsipori, Tali (19 April 2012) Noam Lanir makes NIS 200m profit on Babylon.
  19. PC World. 19 (4–6): 123. 2001. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Huber, Jeffrey T; Boorkman, Jo Anne; Blackwell, Jean (2008). Introduction to reference sources in the health sciences. Neal-Schuman Publishers. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-55570-636-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "About Babylon – Simply Translate". Babylon Ltd. Retrieved 18 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Free Dictionary Lookup by Babylon. (2 August 2001). Retrieved on 9 November 2010.
  23. Stauber, Shuki. "Babylon – There's Nothing Like Experience". Retrieved 16 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Caught Adding Malware to Nmap & Other Software 27 June 2012
  25. "Definition change log for version 1.87.1429.0". Microsoft Malware Protection Center – Threat Research and Response. Microsoft corporation. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Encyclopedia entry: Adware:Win32/Babylon". Microsoft Malware Protection Center – Threat Research and Response. Microsoft corporation. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. sorry for bundling Nmap with crapware The Register 9 December 2011
  28. Popular network tool Nmap in CNET security brouhaha Naked Security 6 December 2011
  29. A note from Sean regarding the Installer 7 December 2011
  30. "Babylon's Come-Uppance". Jewish Business News. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. What is Babylon Toolbar and how to remove it? 9 July 2012
  32. Lesson Learned the Hard Way: Pay Attention to the Source of Your Downloads Don Tennant, IT Business Edge, 11 September 2012
  33. Shares in Israel's Babylon dive as Google ends contract Reuters, 30 October 2013.

External links