18 December 1905|
Baku, Russian Empire (now Azerbaijan)
|Died||23 October 1992
Umm-El-Banine Assadoulaeff (Umm El-Banu Äsâdullayeva) (18 December 1905 – 23 October 1992) was a French writer of Azerbaijani descent - a granddaughter of famous Azerbaijani millionaire Musa Nagiyev and daughter of Azerbaijani businessman and politician Mirza Asadullayev. She wrote under the penname of Banine.
Banine emigrated to France in 1923 following her father, a former minister in the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (dec. 1918-April 1920). She moved to Istanbul where she abandoned her husband whom she had been forced to marry at the age of fifteen and then fled to Paris. There, after many years, literary acquaintances, including Montherlant, Kazantzakis, and Malraux urged her to publish. Banine dedicated her later life to introducing the history and culture of Azerbaijan to France and Europe. Her most famous writings are "Caucasian days" and "Parisian days". Banine, who was the friend of the German writer Ernst Jünger and Russian Ivan Bunin, tells about her conversion to Catholicism in her books.
Before her death, Banin published several articles about the situation in Azerbaijan. She died in October 1992. Her obituary in the newspaper Le Figaro called her "one of those personages of La vie romanesque who traverse a century, attracting like a lodestone all the singular figures of their times".
- Nami (Nami), Gallimard, 1942.
- Caucasian days (Jours caucasiens), Julliard, 1946.
- Parisian days (Jours parisiens), Julliard, 1947, Gris Banal, 2003.
- Meetings with Ernst Jünger (Rencontres avec Ernst Jünger), Julliard, 1951.
- I chose opium (J'ai choisi l'opium), Stock, 1959.
- After (Après), Stock, 1962.
- Foreign France (La France étrangère), S.O.S Desclée de Brouwer, 1968.
- The call of the last chance (L'appel de la dernière chance), S.O.S, 1971.
- Portrait of Ernst Jünger: letters, texts, meetings (Portrait d'Ernst Jünger : lettres, textes, rencontres), La Table Ronde, 1971.
- Ernst Jünger multiple faces (Ernst Jünger aux faces multiples), Lausanne, éditions L'Âge d'Homme, 1989.
- What Marry told me: the say of the Servant Mary (Ce que Marie m’a raconté : le dit de la Servante Marie), Cahier Bleus, 1991.
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