Bolhrad

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Bolhrad
Болград
City
Town hall of Bolhrad
Town hall of Bolhrad
Flag of Bolhrad
Flag
Coat of arms of Bolhrad
Coat of arms
Bolhrad is located in Ukraine
Bolhrad
Bolhrad
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Country Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
Raion Bolhrad Raion
Founded 1821
Area
 • Total 94 km2 (36 sq mi)
Elevation 75 m (246 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,479
 • Density 164.6/km2 (426/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postcode district(s) 68700—706
Area code(s) +380-4846

Bolhrad (Ukrainian: Болград Bolhrad; Bulgarian and Russian: Болград Bolgrad; Romanian: Bolgrad), sometimes known as Bolgrad, is a small city in Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, in the historical region of Budjak. It is the administrative center of Bolhrad Raion (district).

Bolhrad's population was estimated at 15,479 in 2011.

History

Bolhrad was founded in 1821 by Bulgarian settlers in Bessarabia, under the direction of General Ivan Inzov who is "revered" by Bolhrad residents as the "Founder of Our City."[1] Bolhrad became part of Moldavia from 1856 to 1859, Romania from 1859 to 1878, 1918 to 1940, and 1941 to 1944, before being incorporated into the USSR (in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR), and later independent Ukraine.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1930 14,280 —    
1941 10,713 −25.0%
2001 17,353 +62.0%
2011 (est.) 15,479 −10.8%

The surrounding Bolhradsky district is predominantly populated by ethnic Bulgarians (a majority of 61%). Bolhrad itself is inhabited by a large number of Bessarabian Bulgarians and is considered by locals to be the unofficial capital of the Bessarabian historic district of Budjak.

Economy

As of 1920, Bolhrad had a coal industry.[2]

Education

Bolhrad High School

The Georgi Sava Rakovski Bolhrad High School founded in 1858 is the oldest high school of the Bulgarian National Revival.[3][4]

Notable residents

References

  1. Куемжи, Мария, Болградский Историко-Этнографический Музей (Bolhrad, Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine; Фонд им. И.Н. Инзова, 2007)
  2. Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Манолова, Надя; Красимира Табакова (2008). "150 години Болградска гимназия" (in Bulgarian). Държавна агенция за българите в чужбина. Archived from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-19. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Болградска гимназия „Свети свети Кирил и Методий"". Българска енциклопедия А-Я (in Bulgarian). БАН, Труд, Сирма. 2002. ISBN 954-8104-08-3. OCLC 163361648.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links