|Area||83,860 km2 (32,379 sq mi)|
|Population||159,536 (2006) |
|Density||2 / km2 (5 / sq mi)|
Map of Libya with Al Butnan district highlighted
Butnan (Arabic: البطنان Al Buṭnān) sometimes called Tubruq District or Tobruk District from the former name, occasionally Marmarica, is an administrative district (shabiyah) in eastern Libya. Its capital city is Tobruk.
In the north, Butnan has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. To the east, it borders Egypt's Matruh Governorate, along with a small border on the Al Wadi al Jadid Governorate in the far southeast. Domestically, it borders the following districts:
Traditionally part of Marmarica, and later part of the province of Cyrenaica in Italian Libya, with the division of Libya into ten governorates in 1963, Al Butnan became part of the Darnah Governorate. In 1983 the Darnah Governorate was divided into a number of baladiyat (districts), with what is now Butnan being included in the Tobruk baladiyah and others. Butnan District was created in 1988 as one of the twenty-five reorganized baladiyat. In 1995, Butnan was one of the thirteen new shabiyah, and Butnan retained its status through the reorganizations of 1998, 2001 and 2007.
In 2007 the formerly autonomous city of Jaghbub became part of Butnan District.
- Acroma, `Akramah, ‘Ikrimah, or ‘Akramah
- Al Adm, El Adem, Al ‘Adam, Al `Adm, or Al ‘Aḑm
- Bardia, Al Bardiyah, Al Burdi, Al Bardīyah, Bardīyah, Al Bardiyah, Petras Maior, Bórdi Slemán, or Bordi Sleman
- Jaghbub, or El-Giagbub
- Al Qa`rah
- Al Qardabah
- Bi'r al Ashhab
- Kambut, Gasr Cambut, Gasr Gambut, Qaşr Kunbūth, Gasr Cambút, Kambūt, Gambut, or Qasr Kunbuth
- Madinat Bayad
- Musaid, Fort Musaid, Imsaad, or Amsaad
- Nuqtat al Khattabiyah
- Qaryat `Ayt Zaydan, Qaryat ‘Ayt Zaydān, Qaryat ‘Īt Zaydān, or Qaryat `It Zaydan
- Qaryat al `Imamah, Qaryat al ‘Amāmah,Qaryat al `Amamah,Qaryat al ‘Imāmah
- Qaryat at Tayrah
- Qasr al Jady, Qaşr al Jady, Qasr al Jadi, or Qaşr al Jadī
- Suq al `Ajaj
- Tobruk, Tóbruch, Antipyrgus, Tobruch, Ţubruq, Antipyrgos, Tobruck, or Tobruq
- Zawiyat Umm Rukbah
- Zawiyat Zanzur
- Zawiyat al Manastir
- Zawiyat al Murassas
- "Districts of libya". statoids.com. Retrieved 30 October 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
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