Casualties of the Ukrainian crisis

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The number of deaths in the Ukrainian crisis has climbed into the thousands since it started in late November 2013, with most of them occurring during the War in Donbass.

Euromaidan

During the events of the Euromaidan protests in Kiev from 21 November 2013 through 23 February 2014, a total of 110–123 protesters and 18 police officers were killed in street clashes in the Ukrainian capital.[1][2][3] In addition, one more participant of the Euromaidan was stabbed to death in clashes with pro-Russian activists on 13 March 2014, in Donetsk.[4]

Crimean crisis

During the Crimean crisis from 23 February through 19 March 2014, six people were killed. The dead included: three protesters (two pro-Russian and one pro-Ukrainian),[5][6][7][8] two soldiers[9] and one Crimean SDF trooper.[10] The two Ukrainian soldiers who were killed are regularly included in the military death toll from the War in Donbass.[11]

Odessa clashes and Kharkiv bombing

Between 26 January and 27 December 2014, sporadic clashes occurred in the city of Odessa. The deadliest of these were the 2 May 2014 Odessa clashes when 48 protesters were killed[12] (42 pro-Russian and 6 pro-Ukrainian).[13][14] In addition, one person was killed in a bomb explosion in Odessa on 27 December 2014. The same day, another man was killed in a bombing in the city of Kherson. Both men were identified as the bombers in both explosions.[15] Later, in 2015, on 22 February, a bomb exploded during a rally in Kharkiv leaving four people dead,[16] including a policeman.[17]

War in Donbass

The overall number of documented deaths in the War in Donbass, which started on 6 April 2014, has been put at 9,333, according to the UN body OCHA.[18]

Total deaths

Breakdown Casualties Time period Source
TOTAL 9,333 killed 6 April 2014 – 22 March 2016 OCHA[18]
Civilians 2,568 killed (304 foreign) 6 April 2014 – 15 February 2016 OCHA[19][20]
Civilians 3,938 killed (Ukrainian) 6 April 2014 – 31 December 2015 DPR[21]
Armed Forces of Ukraine 2,890 killed[note 1] 6 April 2014 – 4 March 2016 Museum of Military History[11]
DPR and LPR forces 2,171 killed 6 April 2014 – 12 April 2016 Russian NGO & DPR[22][23]
Russian Armed Forces 400–500 killed[note 2] 6 April 2014 – 10 March 2015 U.S. State Department[24]

Initially, the number of Ukrainian military casualties varied widely due to the Ukrainian Army drastically understating its casualties, according to medical officials.[25] This assertion was also backed up by activists and soldiers on the ground.[26][27][28] Eventually, the Ukrainian Defense Ministry said that the numbers recorded by the National Museum of Military History were the official ones, although still incomplete,[29] with 2,890 deaths cataloged by 4 March 2016.[11]

Deaths by regions

The following table does not include the 298 deaths from the shootdown of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 or the deaths of Ukrainian servicemen, which are listed separately.

Region Casualties Time period Source
Donetsk region 2,420 civilians and rebels killed[30] 6 April 2014 – 15 February 2015 OCHA
Donetsk region 5,061 civilians and rebels killed[31] 6 April 2014 – 13 August 2015 DPR
Luhansk region 1,185 civilians and rebels killed[note 3][30] 1 May 2014 – 15 February 2015 OCHA

Missing and captured

At the beginning of June 2015, the Donetsk region’s prosecutors reported 1,592 civilians had gone missing in government-controlled areas, of which 208 had been located.[35] At the same time, a report by the United Nations stated 1,331–1,460 people were missing, including at least 378 soldiers and 216 civilians. 345 unidentified bodies, of mostly soldiers, were also confirmed to be held at morgues in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast or buried.[36] In all, as of late October, 774 people were missing according to the government,[37] including 271 soldiers.[38] The separatists also reported 410 missing on their side.[39]

As of mid-March 2015, according to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), 1,553 separatists had been released from captivity during prisoner exchanges between the two sides.[40] Subsequently, Ukraine released another 310 people,[41][42][43] while by the end of August, 1,483 security forces members and 1,420 civilians had been released by the rebels. The rebels continued to hold 157 prisoners,[42] including at least 62 civilians.[44] In late January 2016, the number of people released by the separatists reached 2,998, while 131 were still being held.[45] 1,110 separatist fighters and supporters were also reportedly being held by Ukrainian forces.[39] At the end of May 2015, the Ukrainian commander of Donetsk airport, Oleg Kuzminykh, who was captured during the battle for the complex, was released.[46]

Foreign fighters

Foreign volunteers have been involved in the conflict fighting on both sides. Beside the estimated 400–500 Russian soldiers killed while fighting as part of the rebel forces,[24] at least 134 foreigners died on the Ukrainian side.[11] One of those killed was the former Chechen rebel commander Isa Munayev.[47] Two Kyrgyz and one Georgian have also been killed fighting on the separatist side.[48][49]

In late August 2015, according to a reported leak by a Russian news site, Business Life (Delovaya Zhizn), 2,000 Russian soldiers had been killed in Ukraine by 1 February 2015.[50][51]

Foreign civilians

304 foreign civilians have died: 298 passengers and crew of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17,[52] four Russian journalists,[53] one Russian civilian in cross-border shelling[54] and a Lithuanian diplomat.[55]

Notes

  1. The number of Ukrainian soldiers killed includes the deaths of two servicemen during the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and one policeman in the 2015 Kharkiv bombing.
  2. The deaths of the Russian soldiers have not been confirmed by their government and have possibly been included in the toll of dead rebel fighters.
  3. Out of the 1,185 civilians and rebels killed in the Luhansk region by 15 February 2015,[30] 456 were civilians who died by 29 October.[32] In addition, 526 of the civilians and rebels died in Luhansk city alone by 11 September,[33] of which 300 were confirmed as civilians by 31 August.[34]

References

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